Electoral Rules And Democracy In Latin America

✏Book Title : Electoral Rules and Democracy in Latin America
✏Author : Cynthia McClintock
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2018-04-24
✏Pages : 336
✏ISBN : 9780190879754
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Electoral Rules and Democracy in Latin America Book Summary : During Latin America's third democratic wave, a majority of countries adopted a runoff rule for the election of the president, effectively dampening plurality voting, opening the political arena to new parties, and assuring the public that the president will never have anything less than majority support. In a region in which undemocratic political parties were common and have often been dominated by caudillos, cautious naysayers have voiced concerns about the runoff process, arguing that a proliferation of new political parties vying for power is a sign of inferior democracy. This book is the first rigorous assessment of the implications of runoff versus plurality rules throughout Latin America, and demonstrates that, in contrast to early scholarly skepticism about runoff, it has been positive for democracy in the region. Primarily through qualitative analysis for each country, the author argues that, indeed, an important advantage of runoff is the greater openness of the political arena to new parties--at the same time that measures can be taken to inhibit party proliferation. In this context, it is also the first volume to address whether or not a runoff rule with a reduced threshold (for example, 40% with a 10-point lead) is a felicitous compromise between majority runoff and plurality. The book considers the potential for the superiority of runoff to travel beyond Latin America--in particular, and rather provocatively, to the United States.

✏Book Title : Party Vibrancy and Democracy in Latin America
✏Author : Fernando Rosenblatt
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2018-05-25
✏Pages : 304
✏ISBN : 9780190870041
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Party Vibrancy and Democracy in Latin America Book Summary : Even in Latin America's most socially and economically stable countries, new parties emerge constantly, old parties collapse, and party systems across the region are notoriously fragile. Still, there are also successful stories. There have been a number of parties in Colombia, Chile, and Venezuela that used to be able to operate well beyond electoral cycles and preserve a significant presence in their respective countries for decades. How do such political parties remain vibrant organizations over time? In Party Vibrancy and Democracy in Latin America, Fernando Rosenblatt sheds new light on how party vibrancy is maintained and reproduced over time in three of the region's more stable countries-Chile, Costa Rica, and Uruguay. Referencing these three "consolidated" democracies with records of good governance, Rosenblatt identifies the complex interaction between four causal factors that can explain party vibrancy: Purpose, Trauma, Channels of Ambition, and Moderate Exit Barriers. "Purpose" activates prospective loyalty among party members. "Trauma" refers to a shared traumatic past which engenders retrospective loyalty. "Channels of Ambition" are established routes by which individuals can pursue political careers. Finally, "Moderate Exit Barriers" are rules that set costs of defection at reasonable levels. When these factors work together throughout a party's "Golden Age," they can demonstrate a link between party organizations ́ stability and the quality of democratic representation across Latin America. As Rosenblatt finds, when parties remain vibrant organizations, democracies are better able to withstand challenges long-term. A unique qualitative study, Party Vibrancy and Democracy in Latin America demonstrates how the vitality of political parties can directly and indirectly impact how effective they are as intermediaries for their citizens not just in Latin America, but around the world.

✏Book Title : Building Democratic Institutions Party Systems in Latin America
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Stanford University Press
✏Release Date : 1995
✏Pages : 578
✏ISBN : 0804765375
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Building Democratic Institutions Party Systems in Latin America Book Summary : "Third, the authors investigate the relationship between major parties and the state, revealing the extent to which parties are dependent on state resources to maintain power and win votes. Fourth, the contributions assess the importance of different electoral regimes for shaping broader patterns of party competition. Finally, and most important, the authors characterize the nature of the party system in each country - how institutionalized it is and how it can be classified."--BOOK JACKET.

✏Book Title : The Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil
✏Author : Barry Ames
✏Publisher : University of Michigan Press
✏Release Date : 2009-01-22
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : 0472021435
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏The Deadlock of Democracy in Brazil Book Summary : Many countries have experimented with different electoral rules in order either to increase involvement in the political system or make it easier to form stable governments. Barry Ames explores this important topic in one of the world's most populous and important democracies, Brazil. This book locates one of the sources of Brazil's "crisis of governance" in the nation's unique electoral system, a system that produces a multiplicity of weak parties and individualistic, pork-oriented politicians with little accountability to citizens. It explains the government's difficulties in adopting innovative policies by examining electoral rules, cabinet formation, executive-legislative conflict, party discipline and legislative negotiation. The book combines extensive use of new sources of data, ranging from historical and demographic analysis in focused comparisons of individual states to unique sources of data for the exploration of legislative politics. The discussion of party discipline in the Chamber of Deputies is the first multivariate model of party cooperation or defection in Latin America that includes measures of such important phenomena as constituency effects, pork-barrel receipts, ideology, electoral insecurity, and intention to seek reelection. With a unique data set and a sophisticated application of rational choice theory, Barry Ames demonstrates the effect of different electoral rules for election to Brazil's legislature. The readership of this book includes anyone wanting to understand the crisis of democratic politics in Brazil. The book will be especially useful to scholars and students in the areas of comparative politics, Latin American politics, electoral analysis, and legislative studies. Barry Ames is the Andrew Mellon Professor of Comparative Politics and Chair, Department of Political Science, University of Pittsburgh.

📒Presidentialism And Democracy In Latin America ✍ Conley Professor of Political Science Scott Mainwaring

✏Book Title : Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America
✏Author : Conley Professor of Political Science Scott Mainwaring
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 1997-05-13
✏Pages : 493
✏ISBN : 0521576148
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America Book Summary : David J. Samuels and Matthew S. Shugart provide the first systematic analysis of how democratic constitutional design shapes party politics.

📒Democratic Latin America ✍ Craig Arceneaux

✏Book Title : Democratic Latin America
✏Author : Craig Arceneaux
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2015-10-30
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 9781317348832
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Democratic Latin America Book Summary : Drawing on new approaches in comparative politics, Democratic Latin America focuses on analyzing political institutions as a way to assess broader trends in the region’s politics, including the rise of democracy. The text looks at the major institutions–executive, legislature, judiciary, military, and more—in 18 democratic countries to not only provide an expansive view of politics in Latin America but to also facilitate cross-national comparison. Democratic Latin America uniquely surveys the "what” of the region’s politics as well as the “why” and “how” to help students critically consider Latin America’s future.

✏Book Title : Federalism and Democracy in Latin America
✏Author : Edward L. Gibson
✏Publisher : JHU Press
✏Release Date : 2004-03-31
✏Pages : 377
✏ISBN : 0801874246
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Federalism and Democracy in Latin America Book Summary : Using theoretical essays and case studies, the authors address questions of how and when federal institutions matter for politics, policy-making and democratic practice. They also offer conceptual approaches for studying federal systems, their origins and their internal dynamics. We live in an increasingly federalized world. This fact has generated interest in how federal institutions shape politics, policy-making and the quality of life of those living in federal systems. In this book, Edward L. Gibson brings together a group of scholars to examine the Latin American experience with federalism and to advance our theoretical understanding of politics in federal systems. By means of theoretical essays and case studies, the authors address questions of how and when federal institutions matter for politics, policy-making and democratic practice. They also offer conceptual approaches for studying federal systems, their origins and their internal dynamics. The book provides case studies on the four existing federal systems in Latin America - Argentina, Brazil, Mexico and Venezuela - and their experiences in dealing with a variety of issues, including federal system formation, democratization, electoral representation and economic reform.

✏Book Title : Christian Democracy in Latin America
✏Author : Scott Mainwaring
✏Publisher : Stanford University Press
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 404
✏ISBN : 0804745986
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Christian Democracy in Latin America Book Summary : Christian Democracy swept across parts of Latin America, gaining influence in Venezuela in the 1940s, Chile in the 1950s, El Salvador and Guatemala in the 1960s, and Costa Rica and Mexico in the 1980s. This book offers an overview of Christian Democracy in the region— underscoring its remarkable diversity—and examines the Christian Democratic organizations of Chile and Mexico, which are still major parties today. The concluding section analyzes the demise of formerly significant Christian Democratic parties in El Salvador, Guatemala, Peru, and Venezuela. Christian Democracy in Latin America provides the definitive stufy of the nature, rise, and decline of Christian Democracy in Latin America. The book enriches the broader theoretical literature on political parties by highlighting the distinctive strategic dilemmas parties face, and the distinctive objectives they pursue, in contexts of fragile democracy or of authoritarian regimes.

✏Book Title : Political Institutions and Party Directed Corruption in South America
✏Author : Daniel W. Gingerich
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2013-12-02
✏Pages : 282
✏ISBN : 9781107040441
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Political Institutions and Party Directed Corruption in South America Book Summary : This book examines how the structure of electoral institutions may affect political corruption.

📒Democracies In Development ✍ J. Mark Payne

✏Book Title : Democracies in Development
✏Author : J. Mark Payne
✏Publisher : IDB
✏Release Date : 2002-01
✏Pages : 339
✏ISBN : 9781931003315
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Democracies in Development Book Summary : The spread of democracy over the past two decades in Latin America has contributed significantly to ensuring fundamental political freedom, civil liberties and human rights. Democracies in Development -- published in cooperation with the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance -- makes it clear that a legitimate and effective democracy is also essential for sustainable economic and social development. The book analyzes the effects of institutions on democratic systems, identifies regional trends in democratic reform, and assesses efforts to enhance governance. Chapters focus on the quality of democratic politics; citizen support for democracy and electoral participation; presidential democracy; political party systems; the balance of power between the executive and legislature; the authority of accountability agencies; and mechanisms to facilitate more direct citizen participation. Appendices outline the institutional structures of the region's democracies and examine voter turnout since 1978. The accompanying CD-ROM features country-by-country election results for presidential and legislative elections. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance