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📒Eco Republic ✍ Melissa Lane
✏Eco Republic Book Summary : An ecologically sustainable society cannot be achieved without citizens who possess the virtues and values that will foster it, and who believe that individual actions can indeed make a difference. Eco-Republic draws on ancient Greek thought--and Plato's Republic in particular--to put forward a new vision of citizenship that can make such a society a reality. Melissa Lane develops a model of a society whose health and sustainability depend on all its citizens recognizing a shared standard of value and shaping their personal goals and habits accordingly. Bringing together the moral and political ideas of the ancients with the latest social and psychological theory, Lane illuminates the individual's vital role in social change, and articulates new ways of understanding what is harmful and what is valuable, what is a benefit and what is a cost, and what the relationship between public and private well-being ought to be. Eco-Republic reveals why we must rethink our political imagination if we are to meet the challenges of climate change and other urgent environmental concerns. Offering a unique reflection on the ethics and politics of sustainability, the book goes beyond standard approaches to virtue ethics in philosophy and current debates about happiness in economics and psychology. Eco-Republic explains why health is a better standard than happiness for capturing the important links between individual action and social good, and diagnoses the reasons why the ancient concept of virtue has been sorely neglected yet is more relevant today than ever.
📒Toward A National Eco Compensation Regulation In The People S Republic Of China ✍ Asian Development Bank
✏Toward a National Eco compensation Regulation in the People s Republic of China Book Summary : The Asian Development Bank and the National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China (PRC) undertook a study on eco-compensation regulations development in the country, on which this publication is based. The study examined the PRC's theory, practice, and legislation governing eco-compensation in selected ecological areas to map out the scope and content of a national eco-compensation regulation. Pursuit of its higher agenda of ecological civilization and development of its national eco-compensation regulation will require the PRC to capture the diversity that subnational projects have tapped, integrate its experience with eco-compensation at all levels of government into a coherent national regulatory framework, and harmonize this framework with existing laws and other legal instruments.
✏Eco Compensation for Watershed Services in the People s Republic of China Book Summary : The People's Republic of China (PRC) is seeking new approaches to improve water management outcomes in the face of a growing water crisis caused by ongoing pollution control and watershed management challenges. This has included numerous experiments in "eco-compensation" (which shares characteristics with payments for ecological services). This paper details progress in creating a national eco-compensation ordinance and discusses the ongoing institutional challenges in its effective development. Water is possibly the single most-pressing resource bottleneck of economic growth for the PRC over the medium term. As such, the degree to which such initiatives are ultimately successful is not only critical for the PRC but also has major ramifications for global food, fuel, and commodity markets and production chains.
📒Civil Service Reform And The World Bank ✍ Barbara Nunberg
✏Civil Service Reform and the World Bank Book Summary : Annotation Surveys the World Bank's experience in supporting developing country civil service reforms and begins to assess the progress made. The World Bank recognizes the importance of the civil service to the general welfare of the 4.6 billion people in low and middle income countries. Between 1981 and 1991, civil service reform was a prominent feature of 90 World Bank lending operations. This paper surveys the Bank's experience in supporting this reform and assesses the progress made. The lending operations concentrated on two separate dimensions: (1) Shorter-term, emergency steps to reform public pay and employment policies, which center on measures to contain the cost and the size of the civil service (2) longer-term civil service strengthening efforts directed toward ongoing, sustained management improvements. After examining the record of these reforms, the authors conclude that the results have been mixed at best. They recommend greater emphasis on devising a coherent, far-reaching strategy for reform and on detailing the set of tactics by which these goals will be achieved.
📒Republic Of Madagascar ✍ International Monetary Fund
✏Republic of Madagascar Book Summary : The Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) on the Republic of Madagascar explain the Madagascar Action Plan (MAP) to accelerate and better coordinate the development process. The National Leadership Institute of Madagascar (NLIM) was created in 2006 to provide cutting-edge training to build leadership capacity at all levels of government and for all sectors of society. The Economic Development Board of Madagascar (EDBM) is charged with ensuring that the business climate of Madagascar is attractive for companies and conducive for the success of private enterprises.
📒Guide To Asian Studies In Europe ✍ International Institute for Asian Studies
✏Guide to Asian Studies in Europe Book Summary : This Guide is produced on behalf of the European Science Foundation Asia Committee. The Guide provides a comprehensive survey of researchers, institutes, university departments, museums, organisations, and newsletters in the field of Asian Studies in Europe. The 352 page Guide is published by the International Institute for Asian Studies in co-operation with Curzon. This is the first such guide ever published, and contains highly detailed current information including specialisation by subject and region for each entry. The Guide contains an alphabetical list of 5,000 European Asianists; 1,200 institutes and university departments; 300 museums, organisations, and newsletters.
✏Statutes and Regulations of the People s Republic of China Book Summary :
✏Issues in Ecological Research and Application 2011 Edition Book Summary : Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ecological Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ecological Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Ecological Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
📒Across Disciplinary Boundaries Towards A Sustainable Life ✍ Elmar A. Stuhler
✏Across Disciplinary Boundaries Towards a Sustainable Life Book Summary : The contributions in this book are fairly heterogeneous. They belong to a relatively large number of disciplines and / or sub-areas of certain disciplines. They contain problems and practical aspects of their possible solutions, strategies, methodologies and concepts as well as theories (see Part 1 – 8). We all know that it is difficult to link such problem solving processes to bigger units. It needs the steady development of an appropriate aware-ness of a problem or conflict, i.e. consciousness. Such “network-ing” should not be left to journalists alone, but should rather be integrated into higher education and research related to Sustain-able Development or Sustainable Life, in short Sustainability. Our survival seems to be threatened by various developments and complex problems. The Climate Change System and its con-sequences for ecology, economics and society, for example, is proclaimed to be one of our new enemies (Part 9). Experts suggest that stopping such negative trends could be possible through a change in human behaviour and through “reversals” in the con-nected systems or sub-systems. Attempts to get closer to this far reaching goal can be found in the articles of this book. But how can people be persuaded to change their behaviour?Changes of behaviour (human action) depend on human motivation. How can motivation be diagnosed in relation to Sustainability? One can assume that the theory of achievement motivation, its estab-lishment according to learning rules, its activation depending on associations and its adaptation to reality through the experience of success or failure in motivated actions is a valid platform to build on. The sustainability-imaginative stories written by stu-dents, for example, demonstrate the manner in which the struc-tured rules of motivated learning and acting are put in concrete terms (Part 10). We consider them to be an innovation, worthy of being tested and further developed so as to contribute to the creation of new motivation in and for Sustainability. Solving complex problems and conflicts is the content of another paper. Applying and testing the underlying psychological theory to economic / agribusiness problems / conflicts and their action programmes has been intended (see also Part 10).
📒The Birth Of Politics ✍ Melissa Lane
✏The Birth of Politics Book Summary : A lively and accessible introduction to the Greek and Roman origins of our political ideas In The Birth of Politics, Melissa Lane introduces the reader to the foundations of Western political thought, from the Greeks, who invented democracy, to the Romans, who created a republic and then transformed it into an empire. Tracing the origins of our political concepts from Socrates to Plutarch to Cicero, Lane reminds us that the birth of politics was a story as much of individuals as ideas. Scouring the speeches of lawyers alongside the speculations of philosophers, and the reflections of ex-slaves next to the popular comedies and tragedies of the Greek and Roman stages, this book brings ancient ideas to life in unexpected ways. Lane shows how the Greeks and Romans defined politics with distinctive concepts, vocabulary, and practices—all of which continue to influence politics and political aspirations around the world today. She focuses on eight political ideas from the Greco-Roman world that are especially influential today: justice, virtue, constitution, democracy, citizenship, cosmopolitanism, republic, and sovereignty. Lane also describes how the ancient formulations of these ideas often challenge widely held modern assumptions—for example, that it is possible to have political equality despite great economic inequality, or that political regimes can be indifferent to the moral character of their citizens. A stimulating introduction to the origins of our political ideas and ideals, The Birth of Politics demonstrates how much we still have to learn from the political genius of the Greeks and Romans.