Domino Effects in the Process Industries

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  • Author : Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Pages : 384 pages
  • ISBN : 0444543244
  • Rating : 5/5 from 1 reviews
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Download or Read online Domino Effects in the Process Industries full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Genserik Reniers and published by Newnes which was released on 08 July 2013 with total page 384 pages. We cannot guarantee that Domino Effects in the Process Industries book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such events. Academics, regulators, and industrialists who study and analyze domino effects in order to prevent such events will find the book unique and highly valuable. Outlines available methods in analyzing these events, aiding understanding of the accidents and their causes Covers current modelling, control and management tactics of domino effects, -facilitating prevention Identifies areas where new research is needed

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries discusses state-of-the-art theories, conceptual models, insights and practical issues surrounding large-scale knock-on accidents—so-called domino effects—in the chemical and process industries. The book treats such extremely low-frequency phenomena from a technological perspective, studying possible causes and introducing several approaches to assess and control the risks of these scenarios. The authors also examine these events from a managerial viewpoint, discussing single and multi-plant management insights and requirements to take pro-active measures to prevent such

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Alessandro Tugnoli,Valerio Cozzani,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Risk-based design has an important role in the inherent prevention of domino effect, limiting the possibility of escalation by both physical distances between units and introduction of robust safety barriers. In this chapter, the role of design in reducing domino hazard has been explored. Layout definition was identified as a key factor for the prevention of escalation. Threshold values for escalation to be used in design activities were defined. Thus, criteria for the assessment of appropriate safety distances were developed

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Valerio Cozzani,Gigliola Spadoni,Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

The assessment of hazards related to domino accidents is an important issue in the safety analysis of an industrial site. Several methodologies exist and different levels of detail may be used in the analysis. The present section provides a framework and a classification of the available techniques that may be used for domino assessment. Three approaches having a different level of detail are outlined and linked to needs and/or specific phases of process safety assessment. Criteria for the selection

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Valerio Cozzani,Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino effects may cause more severe accident scenarios in the chemical and process industries. An introduction is given to the context and state of the art of technical and scientific knowledge concerning accident scenarios where domino effect(s) took place, as well as to European regulations on the subject. The specific context of chemical clusters with respect to safety and security assessment when dealing with domino scenarios is also introduced.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Gabriele Landucci,Ernesto Salzano,Jerome Taveau,Gigliola Spadoni,Valerio Cozzani
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

The analysis of domino escalation scenarios is a complex task. The use of advanced distributed parameter models may provide a significant contribution to domino effect escalation assessment. Nevertheless, this approach requires a detailed description of equipment geometry and the characterization of the primary scenarios leading to the escalation. This chapter is aimed at presenting the potentialities of the distributed parameters codes for the specific assessment of domino accidents triggered by fire and overpressure by the analysis of specific case studies.

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Bahman Abdolhamidzadeh
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Nowadays the application of decision support systems (DSSs) in process safety is more important than ever. The use of DSS for preventing domino effects is one of the diverse applications of these computer-automated toolkits. Different software packages were developed in recent years, each trying to manage domino risk by a specific approach. In this chapter, the definition, architecture, benefits and essential characteristics of DSS toolkits are described. The application, scope, approach, technical features, advantages, shortcomings and limitations of all the

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Genserik Reniers,Valerio Cozzani
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

The first step in the assessment of domino accident scenarios is the definition of the basic elements of escalation resulting in a domino effect. In the present chapter, the fundamental elements of a domino accident are discussed. A generic and unambiguous definition for “domino effect” is provided, taking into consideration a myriad of definitions for the term that have been suggested since 1984. An approach is elaborated and discussed to allow drafting a comprehensive and full-scale categorization of events that may

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Valerio Cozzani,Giacomo Antonioni,Nima Khakzad,Faisal Khan,Jerome Taveau,Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

The complexity of domino scenarios represented a considerable obstacle to the quantitative assessment of risk posed by escalation events. In the present chapter, the state of the art concerning quantitative approaches proposed for the assessment of risk caused by domino accidents is summarized. A procedure for the quantitative risk assessment of domino accidents, suitable for the calculation of individual and societal risk indexes, is outlined. Alternative approaches proposed for the quantitative assessment of domino effects, based on Bayesian techniques and

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Genserik Reniers,Robby Faes
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Managing domino effects in an industrial area is not an easy task. It requires multidisciplinary knowledge and know-how, an adequate mindset, eye for detail and for the big picture, a short-term as well as a long-term vision, thorough collaboration efforts, a generalistic perspective with specialist knowledge, and so on. Different domains need to be dealt with in relation to domino effects: technological issues, procedural requirements, and human factor topics. This chapter describes for each of these domains how they should

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Joaquim Casal,Rosa-Mari Darbra
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

The diverse historical surveys on accidents involving domino effect have been analyzed to identify their significance and their most important features. From these data, the importance of domino effect among all accidents in the process industry and in the transportation of hazardous materials has been highlighted. The characteristics of this type of accidents have been studied with a statistical approach: origin and causes of domino effect, materials most frequently involved and effects and consequences of accidents. The significance of the

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Ernesto Salzano,Pol Hoorelbeke,Faisal Khan,Paul Amyotte
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Explosions produce pressure waves which expand in the atmosphere. When impacting industrial equipment, domino effects may be caused if the equipment content is flammable or toxic. A detailed analysis of these scenarios requires complex computational tecniques based on finite element analysis. Simplified methodologies have been developed in the past years for land use planning and quantitative risk assessment. These approaches are based on the definition of probability functions and threshold values for the occurrence of loss of containment from damaged

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Valerio Cozzani,Alessandro Tugnoli,Sarah Bonvicini,Ernesto Salzano
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Escalation thresholds are widely used as a baseline approach to the assessment of the hazard posed by domino scenarios. These should be intended as conservative values of physical effects (thermal radiation, maximum overpressure, etc.) below which the escalation is deemed not credible. This chapter deals with this preliminary approach to domino hazard assessment, revising the values provided in the literature for escalation thresholds and providing suggested values based on recent results obtained in the revision of past accident data and

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Valerio Cozzani,Elisabeth Krausmann,Genserik Reniers
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Blast waves, fires and fragment projection are by far the most common causes of escalation leading to domino accidents. The present chapter deals with less-frequent and more controversial domino scenarios: domino events due to indirect escalation and external events. Indirect causes of escalation, even if not frequent, may be extremely important since they are likely to be overlooked, in particular in complex industrial clusters. External hazard factors can also cause severe domino accidents. Natural events or intentional malicious acts of

Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Domino Effects in the Process Industries
  • Author : Gabriele Landucci,Valerio Cozzani,Michael Birk
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 08 July 2013
GET THIS BOOK Domino Effects in the Process Industries

Escalation triggered by fires resulting in domino scenarios was the cause of severe accidents in the process industry. As a matter of fact, the catastrophic failure of process equipment, both pressurized and atmospheric, may be induced by the heat-up due to the exposure to accidental fires, leading to the loss of containment of hazardous materials. In this chapter, the behavior of equipment exposed to accidental fire will be investigated in order to identify the fundamental mechanisms underlying the failure of