Directorate S The C I A And Americas Secret Wars In Afghanistan And Pakistan

📒Directorate S ✍ Steve Coll

Directorate S Book PDF
✏Book Title : Directorate S
✏Author : Steve Coll
✏Publisher : Penguin
✏Release Date : 2018-02-06
✏Pages : 784
✏ISBN : 9780525557302
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Directorate S Book Summary : Winner of the 2018 National Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction Longlisted for the 2018 National Book Award for Nonfiction From the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of Ghost Wars, the epic and enthralling story of America's intelligence, military, and diplomatic efforts to defeat Al Qaeda and the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan since 9/11 Prior to 9/11, the United States had been carrying out small-scale covert operations in Afghanistan, ostensibly in cooperation, although often in direct opposition, with I.S.I., the Pakistani intelligence agency. While the US was trying to quell extremists, a highly secretive and compartmentalized wing of I.S.I., known as "Directorate S," was covertly training, arming, and seeking to legitimize the Taliban, in order to enlarge Pakistan's sphere of influence. After 9/11, when fifty-nine countries, led by the U. S., deployed troops or provided aid to Afghanistan in an effort to flush out the Taliban and Al Qaeda, the U.S. was set on an invisible slow-motion collision course with Pakistan. Today we know that the war in Afghanistan would falter badly because of military hubris at the highest levels of the Pentagon, the drain on resources and provocation in the Muslim world caused by the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, and corruption. But more than anything, as Coll makes painfully clear, the war in Afghanistan was doomed because of the failure of the United States to apprehend the motivations and intentions of I.S.I.'s "Directorate S". This was a swirling and shadowy struggle of historic proportions, which endured over a decade and across both the Bush and Obama administrations, involving multiple secret intelligence agencies, a litany of incongruous strategies and tactics, and dozens of players, including some of the most prominent military and political figures. A sprawling American tragedy, the war was an open clash of arms but also a covert melee of ideas, secrets, and subterranean violence. Coll excavates this grand battle, which took place away from the gaze of the American public. With unsurpassed expertise, original research, and attention to detail, he brings to life a narrative at once vast and intricate, local and global, propulsive and painstaking. This is the definitive explanation of how America came to be so badly ensnared in an elaborate, factional, and seemingly interminable conflict in South Asia. Nothing less than a forensic examination of the personal and political forces that shape world history, Directorate S is a complete masterpiece of both investigative and narrative journalism.

📒Directorate S ✍ Steve Coll

Directorate S Book PDF
✏Book Title : Directorate S
✏Author : Steve Coll
✏Publisher : Penguin UK
✏Release Date : 2018-02-01
✏Pages : 784
✏ISBN : 9780718194482
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Directorate S Book Summary : 'Spellbinding ... a magisterial account of the great tragedy of our age ... it is a classic' Evening Standard 'In the finest traditions of American investigative journalism' The Times 'Spectacular ... makes Bourne movies pale in comparison' Financial Times From the Pulitzer Prize winning of the acclaimed Ghost Wars, this is the full story of America's grim involvement in the affairs of Afghanistan from 2001 to 2016. In the wake of the terrible shock of 9/11, the C.I.A. scrambled to work out how to destroy Bin Laden and his associates. The C.I.A. had long familiarity with Afghanistan and had worked closely with the Taliban to defeat the Soviet Union there. A tangle of assumptions, old contacts, favours and animosities were now reactivated. Superficially the invasion was quick and efficient, but Bin Laden's successful escape, together with that of much of the Taliban leadership, and a catastrophic failure to define the limits of NATO's mission in a tough, impoverished country the size of Texas, created a quagmire which lasted many years. At the heart of the problem lay 'Directorate S', a highly secretive arm of the Pakistan state which had its own views on the Taliban and Afghanistan's place in a wider competition for influence between Pakistan, India and China, and which assumed that the U.S.A. and its allies would soon be leaving. Steve Coll's remarkable new book tells a powerful, bitter story of just how badly foreign policy decisions can go wrong and of many lives lost.

📒Intelligence Review ✍ Agha Amin

Intelligence Review Book PDF
✏Book Title : Intelligence Review
✏Author : Agha Amin
✏Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
✏Release Date : 2018-04-08
✏Pages : 30
✏ISBN : 198765918X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Intelligence Review Book Summary : On page 12 the writer repeats a false and unsubstantiated claim that CIA pilots had to fly Russian MI series helicopters for Northern Alliance , whereas in reality Afghanistan never had any shortage of Afghan helicopter pilots.On page 14 the author confirms his absolute lack of knowledge of geography when he fallaciously claims that Panjsher valley slices north towards Tajikistan , whereas in reality Panjsher valley inclines towards Chitral in Pakistan towards the Northeast , ending at Anjuman Pass.The authors analysis is a clear testament of fallacious assessments of US policy makers about Afghanistan like on page-17 he discusses Al Qaeda and US policy makers obsession with Al Qaeda.As a matter of fact Al Qaeda was never the real player in Afghanistan all along . It was a puny group with limited strategic ability. The real players in Afghanistan all along were Taliban supported by Directorate S of the ISI.This basic US perceptual error repeatedly appears in Steve Colls voluminous narrative and Steve Coll himself is quite confused about it.Steve Colls factually flawed statements like page-17 where he states "Recalling the miserable fates of Imperial Britain" while referring to Britains Afghan wars.Why Coll has to make such baseless statements is perplexing. As a matter of fact all three Afghan wars were a strategic success , the first being waged by a British private company. All three Afghan wars made British strategic position in India and West Asia stronger and created a more stable Afghanistan.I guess it is fashionable in western authors to make such statements about what a terrible place Afghanistan was and is .Nowhere does the author analyse that every intelligence agency generates warnings about likely attacks so that its reputation and credibility is protected when one attack occurs.On page-37 Steve Coll admits that 9/11 was a CIA intelligence failure.Page-38 discusses the interesting finding that an inquiry board in 2005 recommended action against Cofer Black for failing to perform to professional standards at the time of 9/11.Steve Coll nowhere analyses why and how Al Qaeda succeeded in 9/11 attacks but could never repeat this performance .On page-41 Coll discusses inflated perceptions in the CIA about Afghanistan where Coffer Black thinks that four or five dozen CIA personnel may perish in the planned attack on Afghanistan in late 2001.Al Qaeda is all along exalted by Steve Coll to a very high pedestal. Like on page 50 he discusses that US policy makers feared an alliance between Al Qaeda and the Pakistani state.On page-54 Coll starts fabricating Pakistani history absolutely baselessly when he states that General Musharraf was awarded a gallantry award for action behind Indian lines in 1971, whereas in reality Musharraf never saw any action in 1971 India Pakistan War. This false statement was first mentioned in Steve Colls book and now repeated in the book under review.I interviewed General Musharrafs commanding officer Brigadier Iqbal Nazir Warraich now settled in Canada in 2005 and he dismissed this assertion of Steve Coll as absolutely baseless nonsense.

Directorate S The C I A And America S Secret Wars In Afghanistan And Pakistan 2001 2016 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Directorate S the C I A and America s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan 2001 2016
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2018
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1053725872
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Directorate S the C I A and America s Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan 2001 2016 Book Summary :

Us Policy Towards Afghanistan 1979 2014 Book PDF
✏Book Title : US Policy Towards Afghanistan 1979 2014
✏Author : Anthony Teitler
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2020-06-07
✏Pages : 228
✏ISBN : 9780429771873
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏US Policy Towards Afghanistan 1979 2014 Book Summary : Providing a study of US policy towards Afghanistan from the Soviet intervention of 1979 to the exit of US/International Security Assistance Forces combat troops at the end of 2014, this book examines how the United States’ construction of its interests has shaped its long-term involvement with that country. Recognising that there is a particular focus on the United States’ representation and justification of its Afghan policy, this work demonstrates how the intertwining of language and social practices provided policymakers’ with a shared meaning on selling policy. In this way, Washington justified its practices – including covert operations, diplomacy, counterterrorism and war – as essential in ensuring that ‘good’ prevailed over ‘evil’. Teitler’s argument contrasts with the existing literature, which predominantly argues the United States has been motivated by self-interest in its dealings with Afghanistan. Teitler deploys a constructivist approach to elucidate US–Afghan relations in this critical historical juncture. Through its particular use of constructivism, the work aims to contribute more broadly to international relations and US foreign policy scholarship. This book will be of interest to academics and students in various fields, including US foreign and security policy, international relations theory, the Greater Middle East, Afghanistan, American exceptionalism, constructivism and discourse analysis.

📒Presidents Secret Wars ✍ John Prados

Presidents Secret Wars Book PDF
✏Book Title : Presidents Secret Wars
✏Author : John Prados
✏Publisher : Ivan R Dee
✏Release Date : 1996
✏Pages : 572
✏ISBN : UOM:39015035750085
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Presidents Secret Wars Book Summary : In this newly revised and updated edition of his essential work, John Prados adds his concluding findings on U.S. covert operations in Angola, Afghanistan, Nicaragua, and the Persian Gulf. Acclaimed as a landmark book about U.S. intelligence agencies in the postwar era, Presidents' Secret Wars describes the secret warfare mounted by the president, the CIA, and the Pentagon-operations aimed at altering the destinies of nations and the course of global politics. Mr. Prados uses many newly declassified documents to open a vital window on this most secret aspect of American foreign policy. "A worthy and informative book"-Washington Post. "An important book....Prados's recounting of the often neglected early days of the C.I.A. and its covert activities is especially enlightening."-New York Times Book Review. "For those concerned with the study of intelligence, Presidents' Secret Wars will be highly useful because Dr. Prados has done serious archival research....This volume moves the study of covert operations to a higher and more sophisticated plane"-Intelligence and National Security.

📒America S Afghanistan War ✍ Jagmohan Meher

America S Afghanistan War Book PDF
✏Book Title : America s Afghanistan War
✏Author : Jagmohan Meher
✏Publisher : Gyan Books
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 325
✏ISBN : IND:30000101110892
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏America s Afghanistan War Book Summary : The study attempts to look at the United States response to the various developments and challenges of Afghanistan with a view to understand the dynamics of survival and relative failure of this land-locked country. Focuses on the American reaction to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979, and elaborates on the process of American decision-making. It will best serve purposes to the International Affairs studies and scholars.

Encyclopedia Of American Foreign Policy Chronology A D Book PDF
✏Book Title : Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy Chronology A D
✏Author : Alexander DeConde
✏Publisher : Scribner Book Company
✏Release Date : 2002
✏Pages : 1897
✏ISBN : 0684806584
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy Chronology A D Book Summary : Provides in-depth interpretive essays, commissioned from foreign policy experts, explaining the concepts and historical trends that have guided and influenced American foreign policy throughout U.S. history.

📒The China Pakistan Axis ✍ Andrew Small

The China Pakistan Axis Book PDF
✏Book Title : The China Pakistan Axis
✏Author : Andrew Small
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2014-01-15
✏Pages : 288
✏ISBN : 9780190257576
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The China Pakistan Axis Book Summary : The Beijing-Islamabad axis plays a central role in Asia's geopolitics, from India's rise to the prospects for a post-American Afghanistan, from the threat of nuclear terrorism to the continent's new map of mines, ports and pipelines. China is Pakistan's great economic hope and its most trusted military partner; Pakistan is the battleground for China's encounters with Islamic militancy and the heart of its efforts to counter-balance the emerging US-India partnership. For decades, each country has been the other's only 'all-weather' friend. Yet the relationship is still little understood. The wildest claims about it are widely believed, while many of its most dramatic developments are hid- den from the public eye. This book sets out the recent history of Sino-Pakistani ties and their ramifications for the West, for India, for Afghanistan, and for Asia as a whole. It tells the stories behind some of its most sensitive aspects, including Beijing's support for Pakistan's nuclear program, China's dealings with the Taliban, and the Chinese military's planning for crises in Pakistan. It describes a relationship increasingly shaped by Pakistan's internal strife, and the dilemmas China faces between the need for regional stability and the imperative for strategic competition with India and the USA.

📒Caught In The Crossfire ✍ Jan Goodwin

Caught In The Crossfire Book PDF
✏Book Title : Caught in the Crossfire
✏Author : Jan Goodwin
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 330
✏ISBN : IND:39000001410708
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Caught in the Crossfire Book Summary :

📒The Lesser Jihad ✍ Elena Mastors

The Lesser Jihad Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Lesser Jihad
✏Author : Elena Mastors
✏Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
✏Release Date : 2007
✏Pages : 165
✏ISBN : UOM:39015067678931
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Lesser Jihad Book Summary : These motivational forces, or the "push," combine with al-Qaida's recruitment efforts, or the "pull." Through robust and proactive propaganda efforts, the al-Qaida network entices potential recruits to follow its call to armed jihad.

The Middle East Abstracts And Index Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Middle East Abstracts and Index
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015073542154
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Middle East Abstracts and Index Book Summary :

The Nation Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Nation
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105006745322
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Nation Book Summary :

📒The Cold War 1945 1991 ✍ Benjamin Frankel

The Cold War 1945 1991 Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Cold War 1945 1991
✏Author : Benjamin Frankel
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1992
✏Pages : 354
✏ISBN : 0810389290
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Cold War 1945 1991 Book Summary : Presents a chronology of the Cold War from 1945 through 1991; and features alphabetically arranged entries that examine the major events, concepts, terms, and themes that dominated the period.

📒Strategic Intelligence ✍ Loch K. Johnson

Strategic Intelligence Book PDF
✏Book Title : Strategic Intelligence
✏Author : Loch K. Johnson
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 473
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105114662047
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Strategic Intelligence Book Summary : "Strategic intelligence: windows into a hidden world provides the first comprehensive set of readings in the field of intelligence studies. The book spans a wide range of topics, from how the United States gathers and interprets information collected around the world to comparisons of the American intelligence system with the secret agencies of other nations. Each topic and set of readings by renowned experts is introduced with essays written by the editors."

Intelligence And National Security Book PDF
✏Book Title : Intelligence and National Security
✏Author : Loch K. Johnson
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 553
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105123363959
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Intelligence and National Security Book Summary : The second edition of Johnson and Wirtz's anthology provides a comprehensive set of readings in the field of intelligence studies. The book spans a wide range of topics, from how the United States gathers and interprets information collected around the world to comparisons of the American intelligence system with the secret agencies of other nations. The text addresses a wide range of material including: (1) the meaning of strategic intelligence; (2) methods of intelligence collection; (3) intelligence analysis; (4) the danger of intelligence politicization; (5) relationships between intelligence officers and the policymakers they serve; (6) covert action; (7) counterintelligence; (8) accountability and civil liberties; (9) the implications of the major intelligence failures in 2001 and 2002 regarding, respectively, the terrorist attacks against the United States and the faulty estimates about weapons of mass destruction in Iraq; and (10) intelligence as practiced in other nations. New to this edition: * A review of the state of intelligence research literature * An interview with former CIA director Richard Helms * The early development of U.S. satellite surveillance * The role of intelligence leaks in the federal government * Improving relations between the producers and consumers of intelligence * The Senate investigation of the Ames spying scandal in the CIA * NSA warrantless wiretaps * Intelligence mistakes leading up to the 9/11 attack * Intelligence failures in the faulty predictions of WMDs in Iraq * Institutional conflicts that contributed to 9/11 failures * The British intelligence failures regarding WMDs in Iraq

📒Aim Report ✍ Accuracy in Media, inc

Aim Report Book PDF
✏Book Title : AIM Report
✏Author : Accuracy in Media, inc
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : IND:30000114689049
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏AIM Report Book Summary :

The Hutchinson Encyclopedia Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Hutchinson Encyclopedia
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1994
✏Pages : 1146
✏ISBN : 1859860184
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Hutchinson Encyclopedia Book Summary :

The Serpent Strikes The Inter Services Intelligence Directorate S Global Reach Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Serpent Strikes The Inter Services Intelligence Directorate s global reach
✏Author : Kuldip Singh Ludra
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2000
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015051441791
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Serpent Strikes The Inter Services Intelligence Directorate s global reach Book Summary :

Covertaction Quarterly Book PDF
✏Book Title : Covertaction Quarterly
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : NWU:35556028034494
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Covertaction Quarterly Book Summary :

Usa Today Book PDF
✏Book Title : USA Today
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2002
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015062049864
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏USA Today Book Summary :

The Cold War 1945 1991 Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Cold War 1945 1991 Resources
✏Author : Benjamin Frankel
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1992
✏Pages : 354
✏ISBN : 0810389290
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Cold War 1945 1991 Resources Book Summary :

📒Time

Time Book PDF
✏Book Title : Time
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015058166961
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Time Book Summary :

📒Kgb Cia ✍ Celina Bledowska

Kgb Cia Book PDF
✏Book Title : KGB CIA
✏Author : Celina Bledowska
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 192
✏ISBN : 0861243684
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏KGB CIA Book Summary :

The Concept Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Concept
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1985
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015072468914
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Concept Book Summary :

New Perspectives Book PDF
✏Book Title : New Perspectives
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1986
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCLA:L0052772050
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏New Perspectives Book Summary :

Indian Books In Print Book PDF
✏Book Title : Indian Books in Print
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UOM:39015063188851
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Indian Books in Print Book Summary :