Diet Immunity and Inflammation

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  • Author : Philip C Calder
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Pages : 760 pages
  • ISBN : 0857095749
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Diet Immunity and Inflammation full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Philip C Calder and published by Elsevier which was released on 30 September 2013 with total page 760 pages. We cannot guarantee that Diet Immunity and Inflammation book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. Although inflammation is one of the body’s first responses to infection, overactive immune responses can cause chronic inflammatory diseases. Long-term low-grade inflammation has also been identified as a risk factor for other diseases. Diet, immunity and inflammation provides a comprehensive introduction to immunity and inflammation and the role that diet and nutrition play with regard to this key bodily response. Part one, an introductory section, discusses innate and adaptive immunity, mucosal immunity in a healthy gut and chronic inflammatory diseases and low grade inflammation. Chapters in part two highlight the role of micronutrients, including zinc, selenium, iron, vitamin A and vitamin D, in inflammation and immunity. Part three explores other dietary constituents and includes chapters on intestinal bacteria and probiotics, the impacts of prebiotics on the immune system and inflammation, and antimicrobial, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of food bioactive proteins and peptides. Further chapters explore the role of olive oil, short and long chain fatty acids and arginine and glutamine in immune functions. Nutrition, immunity and inflammation are discussed from an integrative and life course perspective in part four. Chapters focus on adverse immune reactions to foods, early nutritional programming, the impact of nutrition on the immune system during ageing, the impact of exercise on immunity and the interaction with nutrition, and the effect that malnutrition has on immunity and susceptibility to infection. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Diet, immunity and inflammation is a comprehensive resource for those researching immunology or inflammation, nutrition scientists, and professionals in the food and nutrition industries who require an understanding of the effect that diet can have on the immune system and inflammation. Provides an overview of key research in the important and connected areas of inflammation, infection, overactive immune responses, diseases and diet Outlines the fundamentals of immunity and inflammation and reviews the effects of different food constituents Discusses important related issues, such as ageing and exercise

Diet Immunity and Inflammation

Diet  Immunity and Inflammation
  • Author : Philip C Calder,Parveen Yaqoob
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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Although inflammation is one of the body’s first responses to infection, overactive immune responses can cause chronic inflammatory diseases. Long-term low-grade inflammation has also been identified as a risk factor for other diseases. Diet, immunity and inflammation provides a comprehensive introduction to immunity and inflammation and the role that diet and nutrition play with regard to this key bodily response. Part one, an introductory section, discusses innate and adaptive immunity, mucosal immunity in a healthy gut and chronic inflammatory

Diet and Immune Function

Diet and Immune Function
  • Author : Elizabeth A Miles,Philip Calder,Caroline E Childs
  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 22 May 2020
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Supporting initiation, development and resolution of appropriate immune responses is key to survival. Many nutrients and dietary components have been purported to have a role in supporting optimal immune function. This is vital throughout the life course, from the development and programming of the immune system in early life, to supporting immunity and reducing chronic inflammation in older people. In this special issue of Nutrients, we examine the evidence for the role of diet and dietary components in promoting protective

Healthy Anti Inflammatory Diet

Healthy Anti Inflammatory Diet
  • Author : Leola Sitton
  • Publisher : Independently Published
  • Release : 02 April 2021
GET THIS BOOK Healthy Anti Inflammatory Diet

If you've ever twisted your ankle or jammed a finger, you know what happens to the area: It swells. But you might not know that certain foods can trigger inflammation that you can't necessarily see. The author, a Professional nutritionist and previous inflammation sufferer bring his 15 years of experience into this book in order to offer any person who wishes to diminish and avoid their inflammation diet problems a quick and effective solution. Packed with professional secret diet advice and

Nutrition and Immunity

Nutrition and Immunity
  • Author : Maryam Mahmoudi,Nima Rezaei
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 30 July 2019
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This volume provides readers with a systematic assessment of current literature on the link between nutrition and immunity. Chapters cover immunonutrition topics such as child development, cancer, aging, allergic asthma, food intolerance, obesity, and chronic critical illness. It also presents a thorough review of microflora of the gut and the essential role it plays in regulating the balance between immune tolerance and inflammation. Written by experts in the field, Nutrition and Immunity helps readers to further understand the importance of

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : Z. Huang,P.R. China,P.R. Hoffmann
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient that is important for various aspects of human health, including optimal immune responses. This chapter summarizes evidence to date regarding the effects of dietary Se on allergies and asthma, aging immunity, clinical sepsis, immunity against various pathogens and other types of inflammation and immune responses. Also presented is information pertaining to mechanisms by which Se influences inflammation and immunity, including roles for individual selenoproteins.

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : B. Watzl
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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In addition to nutrients affecting chronic low-grade inflammation, dietary patterns and specific foods significantly modulate inflammatory processes. This chapter focuses on plant foods including whole grain, vegetables and fruits, soy, nuts, coffee and tea. It summarizes current information from human observational as well as human intervention studies and discusses relevant bioactive compounds such as dietary fibre and phytochemicals.

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : R. Rueda
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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Gangliosides are negatively charged glycosphingolipids widely distributed in most vertebrate tissues and fluids. Human milk gangliosides might modulate physiological processes that take place in the early development of infants. This chapter describes the role of gangliosides as regulators of cell membrane organization and function, and in cell-cell recognition during normal differentiation or tissue targeting. As major components of membrane raft domains, dietary gangliosides may potentially influence a wide range of biological processes, including immune function, inflammation, neuronal signaling, entry of

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : F. Guarner
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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The human gut is the natural habitat for a diverse and dynamic microbial ecosystem having an important impact on health and disease. Unabsorbed portions of food are a major nutritional source for these microbial communities. Prebiotics are non-digestible food ingredients that are selectively fermented in the gut resulting in specific changes in the composition or activity of the gastrointestinal microbiota, thus conferring benefits upon host health. Inulin-type fructans and galacto-oligosaccharides are the most extensively studied prebiotics. They are fermented in

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : M. Gleeson
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
GET THIS BOOK Diet immunity and inflammation

The chapter begins by discussing the impact of intensive exercise training on immune function and susceptibility to infection in athletes. It then reviews the evidence that diet and nutritional supplements can modify immune responses to exercise and reduce infection incidence, symptom severity or duration in endurance athletes.

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : P.C. Calder
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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This chapter discusses the influence of dietary long-chain fatty acids on aspects of inflammation including markers of the inflammatory process and functional responses of inflammatory cells. It discusses the underlying mechanisms by which fatty acids can act and places the observations made in the context of treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases.

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : A.C. Ross,K.H. Restori
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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Vitamin A is required in the diet of all vertebrates, and is metabolized intracellularly to retinoic acid (RA), which is well known as a regulator of cell proliferation and differentiation. RA activates nuclear retinoid receptors and regulates a wide variety of genes. This chapter first discusses vitamin A nutrition and metabolism, and then how inflammation affects the metabolism of vitamin A compounds. Clinically, RA and several analogs are used in the treatment of skin disorders. Vitamin A deficiency is a

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : P. Brandtzaeg
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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The intestinal immune system has generated two arms of adaptive anti-inflammatory defense which normally preserve the epithelial barrier: (i) immune exclusion performed by secretory IgA (SIgA) (and SIgM) antibodies to control surface colonization of micro-organisms and dampen penetration of potentially harmful antigens; and (ii) suppressive mechanisms to avoid hypersensitivity to innocuous antigens, particularly food proteins and the commensal microbiota. The latter phenomenon (‘oral tolerance’) largely depends on regulatory T (Treg) cells induced in mesenteric lymph nodes to which mucosal dendritic

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : F. Ioannone,C. Miglio,A Raguzzini,M. Serafini
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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It has been suggested that flavonoids, secondary metabolites widely present in the vegetable kingdom, are involved in the role played by plant foods in disease prevention. The immune-modulating action of flavonoids in vitro suggests a specific role in modulating cytokines and transcription factors such as nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB). However, the majority of studies have been conducted with non-physiological concentrations of flavonoids and without considering the nature of the metabolites found in the bloodstream. In humans, the number

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : N.W. Solomons
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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It has been over 50years since Scrimshaw, Taylor and Gordon set out the bases for interpretation of synergistic and antagonistic interactions between malnutrition and infection. Any contemporary update must recognize emerging diseases such as HIV and re-emerging diseases such as tuberculosis. Genetic and epigenetic concepts and techniques have merged with the advance of technology in basic and applied immunity. Not only nutrient deficiencies, but also their excesses – including obesity and overweight – alter host defenses and risk of infections. Issues of

Diet immunity and inflammation

Diet  immunity and inflammation
  • Author : A.N. Margioris,E. Dermitzaki,M. Venihaki,C. Tsatsanis
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 30 September 2013
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Obesity is associated with chronic low-grade inflammation which results in insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, vascular disease, chronic renal failure, several cancers and endocrine and behavioural abnormalities. The enlarged white adipocytes of the obese are now considered to be the initiators of chronic low-grade inflammation. Indeed, the gradual accumulation of triglycerides within adipocytes shifts their phenotype towards a pro-inflammatory one and at the same time accelerates their apoptosis. The hyperplastic white trunkal adipocytes of obesity produce large amounts of pro-inflammatory cytokines,