Cytokines And The Brain

Cytokines And The Brain Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cytokines and the Brain
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2008-06-18
✏Pages : 608
✏ISBN : 0080559352
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cytokines and the Brain Book Summary : This book opens a new page of neuro-immunobiology providing substantive experimental and clinical data to support current understanding in the field, and potential applications of this knowledge in the treatment of disease. The volume is a collection of complex, new data drawn from multiple areas of investigation in the field. The contents summarize current understanding on the presence and function of CNS cytokines and their receptors in a variety of CNS cells during health and disease. The chapters are a collection of complex, new data demonstrating the presence and synthesis of cytokines in brain cells, as well as their receptors on cell membranes in health and disease. The strength of the volume are the descriptions of the authors own investigations, together with those of others in the field pertaining to a large number of cytokines in brain function, as well as mechanisms involved in the development of CNS disorders, including multiple sclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. Also included are novel approaches to the treatment of CNS disorders based on new experimental data. The contributors to this volume are internationally known scientists and clinical researchers in their respective fields of investigation and treatment. *Opens a new page of neuro-immunobiology and provides substantive evidence for the promise of this field in the treatment of disease *Summarizes current understanding on the presence and function of central nervous system (CNS) cytokines and their receptors in a variety of CNS cells during health and disease *Includes novel approaches to the treatment of CNS disorders based on new experimental data *Offers new insight into triggers for the development of autoimmune diseases in the brain and the possibilities for treatment

📒Brain Neurosecretory Cytokines ✍ Armen A. Galoyan

Brain Neurosecretory Cytokines Book PDF
✏Book Title : Brain Neurosecretory Cytokines
✏Author : Armen A. Galoyan
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 188
✏ISBN : 9781441988935
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Brain Neurosecretory Cytokines Book Summary : Brain Neurosecretory Cytokines: Immune Response and Neuronal Survival summarizes the biological and chemical data of signal molecules of the brain neuroendocrine immune system, mainly proline-rich peptides, which play an important role in the regulation of immune response, neuronal survival, hematopoiesis, and adaptation. The author also describes the role of PRPs for the protection of neurons against neurodegenerative disturbances and diseases. Brain Neurosecretory Cytokines: Immune Response and Neuronal Survival will be of great aid to the researchers and students in various areas of neurobiological profile (neurochemistry, neuroendocrinology, neurophysiology, and endocrinology).

Psychoneuroimmunology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Psychoneuroimmunology
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2011-10-10
✏Pages : 1320
✏ISBN : 0080465013
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Psychoneuroimmunology Book Summary : Psychoneuroimmunology is the study of interactions among behavioral, neural and endocrine, and immunologic processes of adaptation. These two volumes provide a clearly written, extensively referenced summary of some of the behavioral, neural and endocrine regulators of immune responses and immunologically mediated disease processes and of the behavioral and neuroendocrine effects of immune system activity. Several chapters expand upon topics reviewed in earlier editions of this series; most chapters cover active areas of research that have not previously been reviewed. As illustrated in this fourth edition, interdisciplinary research continues to provide evidence that the brain and immune system represent a single, integrated system of defense. Fully revised and updated fourth edition of the classic reference Provides a neuroendocrine and immunologic perspective for the behavioral scientist Provides a behavioral and neuroscience perspective for the immunologist Helps the reader translate basic science findings into clinically relevant information Provides the reader with the background for and foundation of integrative research and integrative medicine Provides an encyclopedic resource for advanced undergraduates and for pre- and post-doctoral students as well as active researchers

Roles Of Pro And Anti Inflammatory Cytokines In Traumatic Brain Injury And Acute Ischemic Stroke Book PDF
✏Book Title : Roles of Pro and Anti inflammatory Cytokines in Traumatic Brain Injury and Acute Ischemic Stroke
✏Author : Rachelle Dugue
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1154232206
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Roles of Pro and Anti inflammatory Cytokines in Traumatic Brain Injury and Acute Ischemic Stroke Book Summary :

📒Stress And The Brain ✍ Steven E. Hyman

Stress And The Brain Book PDF
✏Book Title : Stress and the Brain
✏Author : Steven E. Hyman
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-10-23
✏Pages : 350
✏ISBN : 9781317970972
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Stress and the Brain Book Summary : First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Brain And Host Defense Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Brain and Host Defense
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2009-12-24
✏Pages : 358
✏ISBN : 0444535454
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Brain and Host Defense Book Summary : It is now well recognized that the brain, and especially the hypothalamus, plays an important role in the regulation of immune reactions and inflammation. This book aims to review our current state of knowledge of this important field. Key historical findings are presented, and the reciprocal interactions between the brain and the immune system are examined. Particular emphasis is placed on inflammation, a critical host defense reaction that serves as an effector response for both the adaptive and innate immune systems. Mechanisms implicated in brain defense, as well as in more general host defense, are discussed. The regulatory influences of the brain on inflammatory responses are included with particular reference to the role of the hypothalamus, which is also the main director the hormonal regulation of immune/inflammatory. Gender-related differences in immune responsiveness, circadian modulator of immune responses, and evidence that behavioral conditioning (e.g. reward) of immune responses is possible are used as examples to reinforce the notion that the neuroendocrine system exerts a fundamental and complex regulatory influence on the immune system. * Presents timely issues such as immunological aspects of the blood-brain-barrier and the role of inflammatory mediators in the evolution of strokes and degenerative diseases * Includes analysis of the role of the brain in the adaptive responses to disease * Evaluates the argument that further knowledge of the influence of the brain on the immune system will provide new insights to the pathophysiology infectious and autoimmune diseases

📒Cytokines And Pain ✍ L.R. Watkins

Cytokines And Pain Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cytokines and Pain
✏Author : L.R. Watkins
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 1999
✏Pages : 225
✏ISBN : 3764358491
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cytokines and Pain Book Summary : The purpose of this book is to examine immune-to-brain communication from the viewpoint of its effect on pain processing, and to clarify the major role that substances released by immune cells play in pain modulation. In these chapters, contributed by major laboratories whose focus is understanding how cytokines modulate pain, the perspectives examined range from evolutionary approaches across diverse species, to the basics of the immune response, to the effect of cytokines on peripheral and central nervous system sites, to therapeutic potential in humans. -- book cover.

Hormones Brain And Behavior Five Volume Set Book PDF
✏Book Title : Hormones Brain and Behavior Five Volume Set
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2002-06-18
✏Pages : 4393
✏ISBN : 9780080534152
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Hormones Brain and Behavior Five Volume Set Book Summary : Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Third Edition offers a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors, including an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. Entries have been carefully designed to provide a valuable source of information for students and researchers in neuroendocrinology and those working in related areas, such as biology, psychology, psychiatry, and neurology. This third edition has been substantially restructured to include both foundational information and recent developments in the field. Continuing the emphasis on interdisciplinary research and practical applications, the book includes articles aligned in five main subject sections, with new chapters included on genetic and genomic techniques and clinical investigations. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Key Features * Contributors from 16 different countries and more than 70 institutions * Unlike any other hormone reference on the market Hormones, Brain and Behavior addresses hormone effects in all major vertebrate and non-vertebrate models * A timely, current reference on an emerging field with each chapter providing an in-depth exploration of the topic * Discusses molecular aspects of hormone function, systems, development, and hormone-related diseases * Addresses hormone effects in both the developing and adult nervous system Topics include: * Mammalian and Non-mammalian Hormone-behavior Systems * Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Hormone Actions on Behavior * Development of Hormone-dependent Neuronal Systems * Hormone/Behavior Relations of Clinical Importance

📒Neurobiology Of Cytokines ✍ Errol B. De Souza

Neurobiology Of Cytokines Book PDF
✏Book Title : Neurobiology of Cytokines
✏Author : Errol B. De Souza
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2013-10-22
✏Pages : 368
✏ISBN : 9781483217550
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Neurobiology of Cytokines Book Summary : Neurobiology of Cytokines, Part A provides an overview of the effects of cytokines in the brain and in the endocrine system. The book discusses the general aspects of cytokines, including the endogenous agonists and antagonists, their receptors, their second messengers, and transport mechanisms for cytokines across the blood-brain barrier. The text also describes the anatomical localization of cytokines, cytokine receptors, and their respective mRNA in brain and in endocrine tissues. The methods for evaluating the in vivo as well as in vitro actions of cytokines on hormone secretion are also considered. The book further tackles the synthesis and release of cytokines and their central nervous system actions; and the methodology for studying the role of cytokines in human neuropathological conditions.

📒Neurobiology Of Cytokines ✍ Errol B. DeSouza

Neurobiology Of Cytokines Book PDF
✏Book Title : Neurobiology of Cytokines
✏Author : Errol B. DeSouza
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2013-10-22
✏Pages : 295
✏ISBN : 9781483288314
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Neurobiology of Cytokines Book Summary : Recent data suggest a critical role for cytokines in the regulation of brain and endocrine function under normal physiological conditions. The aim of this volume and its companion Volume 16 is to provide an overview of the effects of cytokines in the brain and in the endocrine system. Methods presented for easy adaptation to new systems Comprehensive protocols included for: The synthesis and release of cytokines; The study of their central nervous system actions; Studying the role of cytokines in human neuropathological conditions

📒Neuroimmunology Of Sleep ✍ S. R. Pandi-Perumal

Neuroimmunology Of Sleep Book PDF
✏Book Title : Neuroimmunology of Sleep
✏Author : S. R. Pandi-Perumal
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2007-08-19
✏Pages : 362
✏ISBN : 9780387691466
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Neuroimmunology of Sleep Book Summary : This timely work reflects the growing importance of research into the nature of sleep and its medical aspects. One of the first of its kind, this work on the neuroimmunology of sleep provides an introduction to the interplay between these two key and interlinked areas. Written both from a basic and a clinical perspective, the volume is an invaluable information resource for biomedical professionals and students of the human biology. Highly practical guide written from both a basic and clinical perspective.

📒Reviews And Perspectives In Physiology 2000 ✍ The Physiological Society

Reviews And Perspectives In Physiology 2000 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Reviews and Perspectives in Physiology 2000
✏Author : The Physiological Society
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2000-04-06
✏Pages : 178
✏ISBN : 0521795117
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Reviews and Perspectives in Physiology 2000 Book Summary : Brings together the Perspectives and Topical Reviews published during 1999 in The Journal of Physiology.

📒Stress And Your Health ✍ Hymie Anisman

Stress And Your Health Book PDF
✏Book Title : Stress and Your Health
✏Author : Hymie Anisman
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2015-02-12
✏Pages : 296
✏ISBN : 9781118850336
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Stress and Your Health Book Summary : Stress and Your Health: From Vulnerability to Resilience presents an evidence-based evaluation of the various effects of stress, along with methods to alleviate distress and stress-related illnesses. Examines myriad stressor effects and proven ways to alleviate stress in our lives Covers a wide range of stressor-related topics including therapeutic strategies to deal with stress and factors that hinder treatment of stress Makes difficult biochemical and immunological concepts accessible to a non-specialist audience Addresses many of the factors that cause individuals to be more vulnerable to the impact of stressors and at increased risk for pathology

📒Psychoneuroimmunology ✍ Manfred Schedlowski

Psychoneuroimmunology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Psychoneuroimmunology
✏Author : Manfred Schedlowski
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 1999
✏Pages : 582
✏ISBN : 0306459752
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Psychoneuroimmunology Book Summary : This textbook examines the complex functional relationships between the nervous system, the neuroendocrine and the immune system. The international leaders in this field have been brought together to create this text; each contributing from their area of expertise. The result is a comprehensive yet accessible interdisciplinary introduction to psychoneuroimmunology which also takes you further than the foundations of those fascinating topics by covering research in HIV/AIDS, autoimmune diseases, and the reactivation of latent herpes viruses. Attention is also given to the effects of behaviour such as physical exercise, sleep, acute and chronic stress, and conditioning of immune functions in animals and humans. The whole is brought together with a wealth of cited research studies, and over 200 illustrations.

📒Cytokines And Cytokine Receptors ✍ Constantin A. Bona

Cytokines And Cytokine Receptors Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cytokines and Cytokine Receptors
✏Author : Constantin A. Bona
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2001-03-07
✏Pages : 592
✏ISBN : 9057026341
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cytokines and Cytokine Receptors Book Summary : The field of cytokine research is expanding at a rapid pace Contributions from the major leading groups in the world on the structure and biological properties of cytokine and cytokine receptors, as well as integrated reviews on cytokines in various physiological and pathological conditions were presented in three issues of International Reviews of Immunology This collection of articles provided a unique source of information However, important discoveries are emerging very rapidly and some of the reviews written in 1997 are already outdated In this book, the editors assemble reviews that have been updated by their authors to include all the recent publications and unpublished data from the authors' laboratories This volume should serve as an excellent reference source for all those concerned by the multiple faces of cytokines in basic research and in the clinic

📒Cytokines ✍ Robert E. Faith

Cytokines Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cytokines
✏Author : Robert E. Faith
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2006-10-10
✏Pages : 405
✏ISBN : 9781420003802
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cytokines Book Summary : Cytokine involvement in the immune system's response to stress is now very well documented. Cytokine activity has been implicated in a variety of mental and physical diseases, and has been shown to have a significant role in fueling the vicious circle of depression and illness. The first edition of Cytokines: Stress and Immunity pointed out

📒Neurobiology Of Cytokines ✍ Errol B. DeSouza

Neurobiology Of Cytokines Book PDF
✏Book Title : Neurobiology of Cytokines
✏Author : Errol B. DeSouza
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2013
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 0121852830
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Neurobiology of Cytokines Book Summary : Recent data suggest a critical role for cytokines in the regulation of brain and endocrine function under normal physiological conditions. The aim of this volume and its companion Volume 16 is to provide an overview of the effects of cytokines in the brain and in the endocrine system. Key Features * Methods presented for easy adaptation to new systems * Comprehensive protocols included for: * The synthesis and release of cytokines * The study of their central nervous system actions * Studying the role of cytokines in human neuropathological conditions ...

📒Cytokines And The Cns ✍ Richard M. Ransohoff

Cytokines And The Cns Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cytokines and the CNS
✏Author : Richard M. Ransohoff
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2005-10-31
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 0849316227
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cytokines and the CNS Book Summary : Provides Insight into How Cytokine Action Impacts the Physiology and Pathology of the CNS. As with the first edition of Cytokines and the CNS, this completely updated and revised edition introduces neurobiologists to cytokine biology and immunologists to the unique functions of cytokines in CNS physiology. The dramatically accelerating interest in cytokines and cytokine/chemokine signaling over the past several years has encouraged an explosion of literature on cytokines. The similarity between factors involved in inflammation or immunity, and those implicated in neural development, physiology, and repair has become so apparent that familiarity with cytokines must now be considered an essential element in the neurobiologist’s cognitive tool-kit. Conversely, for immunobiologists, the concepts elaborated by neurobiologists to understand developmental patterning and networked organ function continue to evolve in such a way that comprehension of cytokine action in the CNS can only enhance a further understanding of immune system function. Cytokines and the CNS, Second Edition is patterned after the first edition; however, the wealth of knowledge now available adds a tremendous amount of insight and new implications. To guarantee a fresh perspective, the editors made a conscious choice to utilize an entirely new set of contributors, all experts in various aspects of cytokine research. Cytokines and the CNS, Second Edition starts with a chapter on the CNS, focusing on pathological reactions to insult. Next, come three chapters on cytokine biology, followed by four chapters that integrate cytokine biology into basic CNS processes (development; inflammation; immunity; degeneration/repair), after which five chapters apply this body of knowledge to disease or pathology. The book closes with a look at the application of cytokine biology to the treatment of disease, a brand new area of research.

📒Inflammation And Stroke ✍ Giora Z. Feuerstein

Inflammation And Stroke Book PDF
✏Book Title : Inflammation and Stroke
✏Author : Giora Z. Feuerstein
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 356
✏ISBN : 9783034882972
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Inflammation and Stroke Book Summary : Stroke is a leading cause of death in developed countries. However, current therapeutic strategies for stroke have been largely unsuccessful. One possible explanation is that research and pharmacological management have focused on very early events in brain ischemia. New research has shown that brain ischemia and trauma elicit strong inflammatory reactions driven by both external and brain cells. The recognition of inflammation as a fundamental response to brain ischemia provides novel opportunities for new anti-inflammatory therapies. For the first time, an international body of researchers presents the latest findings about the cellular and humoral aspects of immune and inflammatory reactions in the brain. The work may have an impact on the treatment of neuroinjuries and ancillary brain diseases, and increase the understanding of the roles infections and immune reactions play in the brain milieu.

Cytokines And Mental Health Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cytokines and Mental Health
✏Author : Ziad Kronfol
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2003-01-31
✏Pages : 426
✏ISBN : 1402073534
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cytokines and Mental Health Book Summary : Cytokines and Mental Health explores the relationship between cytokines, neural circuitry and mental health. It is interdisciplinary and "translational", bringing together information that spans the spectrum from the molecular and cellular levels to the patient and the clinic. Content includes chapters that discuss cytokine pathways in the brain, the neurochemical and neuroendocrine effects of cytokines, and the behavioral effects of cytokines including sickness behavior. These chapters in basic research are followed by a more clinical section that discusses the role of cytokines in neuropsychiatric disorders such as major depression, schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. The book offers different things to different people. It should be of great interest to neuroscientists and immunologists working in the field of psychoneuroimmunology. It would also greatly benefit mental health professionals including psychiatrists, psychologists and clinicians of diverse background who are interested in mind-body medicine.

Focus On Alzheimer S Disease Research Book PDF
✏Book Title : Focus on Alzheimer s Disease Research
✏Author : Eileen M. Welsh
✏Publisher : Nova Publishers
✏Release Date : 2003
✏Pages : 326
✏ISBN : 1590337883
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Focus on Alzheimer s Disease Research Book Summary : Dementia is a brain disorder that seriously affects a person's ability to carry out daily activities. The most common form of dementia among older people is Alzheimer's disease (AD), which involves the parts of the brain that control thought, memory, and language. Age is the most important known risk factor for AD. The number of people with the disease doubles every 5 years beyond age 65. AD is a slow disease, starting with mild memory problems and ending with severe brain damage. The course the disease takes and how fast changes occur vary from person to person. On average, AD patients live from 8 to 10 years after they are diagnosed, though the disease can last for as many as 20 years. Current research is aimed at understanding why AD occurs and who is at greatest risk of developing it, improving the accuracy of diagnosis and the ability to identify those at risk, discovering, developing, and testing new treatments, and discovering treatments for behavioural problems in patients with AD. This new book gathers state-of-the-art research from leading scientists throughout the world which offers important information on understanding the underlying causes and discovering the most effective treatments for Alzheimer's Disease.

New Foundation Of Biology Book PDF
✏Book Title : New Foundation of Biology
✏Author : I. Berczi
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2001-07-19
✏Pages : 516
✏ISBN : 0080537510
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏New Foundation of Biology Book Summary : A new scientific discipline, acknowledged 65 years after its discovery, was the focus of the first Conference on Neuroimmune Biology in Canada. The papers presented at the conference, and in this volume, are dedicated to Dr. Hans Selye who is recognized as discovering the existence of a hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-thymus axis. This axis plays an important role in the adaptation of higher animals and man to various physical, chemical, biological and emotional challenges. The conference and participants also honored Dr. Andor Szentivanyi whose opening paper, "Studies on the hypothalamic regulation of histamine synthesis", is contained in the introduction to this book. Dr. Szentivanyi has dedicated his long research career to the clarification of the role of the central nervous system in immune and inflammatory reactions, and his experimental results are presented here. With an ultimate goal to achieve a more thorough understanding of higher organisms in their entire complexity, this book, the first in the series http://serval.elsevier.com/locate/series/nibNeuroImmune Biology presents a coordinated and integrated view of the growing body of knowledge rapidly accumulating in this area.

Introduction To The Blood Brain Barrier Book PDF
✏Book Title : Introduction to the Blood Brain Barrier
✏Author : William M. Pardridge
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 1998-08-28
✏Pages : 486
✏ISBN : 0521581249
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Introduction to the Blood Brain Barrier Book Summary : A comprehensive introduction to the blood-brain barrier and methodology of its study from international authorities.

Oxford Companion To Emotion And The Affective Sciences Book PDF
✏Book Title : Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences
✏Author : David Sander
✏Publisher : OUP Oxford
✏Release Date : 2014-02-06
✏Pages : 520
✏ISBN : 9780191021015
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences Book Summary : Few areas have witnessed the type of growth we have seen in the affective sciences in the past decades. Across psychology, philosophy, economics, and neuroscience, there has been an explosion of interest in the topic of emotion and affect. Comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-date, and easy-to-use, the new Oxford Companion to Emotion and the Affective Sciences is an indispensable resource for all who wish to find out about theories, concepts, methods, and research findings in this rapidly growing interdisciplinary field - one that brings together, amongst others, psychologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, philosophers, and historians. Organized by alphabetical entries, and presenting brief definitions, concise overviews, and encyclopaedic articles (all with extensive references to relevant publications), this Companion lends itself to casual browsing by non-specialists interested in the fascinating phenomena of emotions, moods, affect disorders, and personality as well as to focused search for pertinent information by students and established scholars in the field. Not only does the book provide entries on affective phenomena, but also on their neural underpinnings, their cognitive antecedents and the associated responses in physiological systems, facial, vocal, and bodily expressions, and action tendencies. Numerous entries also consider the role of emotion in society and social behavior, as well as in cognitive processes such as those critical for perception, attention, memory, judgement and decision-making. The volume has been edited by a group of internationally leading authorities in the respective disciplines consisting of two editors (David Sander and Klaus Scherer) as well as group of 11 associate editors (John T. Cacioppo, Tim Dalgleish, Robert Dantzer, Richard J. Davidson, Ronald B. de Sousa, Phoebe C. Ellsworth, Nico Frijda, George Loewenstein, Paula M. Niedenthal, Peter Salovey, and Richard A. Shweder). The members of the editorial board have commissioned and reviewed contributions from major experts on specific topics. In addition to comprehensive coverage of technical terms and fundamental issues, the volume also highlights current debates that inform the ongoing research process. In addition, the Companion contains a wealth of material on the role of emotion in applied domains such as economic behaviour, music and arts, work and organizational behaviour, family interactions and group dynamics, religion, law and justice, and societal change. Highly accessible and wide-ranging, this book is a vital resource for scientists, students, and professionals eager to obtain a rapid, conclusive overview on central terms and topics and anyone wanting to learn more about the mechanisms underlying the emotions dominating many aspects of our lives.

Cytokines Stress And Depression Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cytokines Stress and Depression
✏Author : Robert Dantzer
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2007-11-23
✏Pages : 338
✏ISBN : 9780585379708
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cytokines Stress and Depression Book Summary : Cytokines had been characterized in the early eighties as communication mole cules between immune cells, and between immunocytes and other peripheral cells, such as fibroblasts and endothelial cells. They play a key role in the regulation of the immune response and the coordination of the host response to infection. Based on these biological properties, nobody would have predicted that one decade later cytokines would burst upon neurosciences and permeate into several avenues of current research. In neurology, the connection between cytokines and inflammation, and the demonstration of a pivotal role of some of these molecules in cell death by apoptosis, prompted the investigation of their involvement in several neurological diseases involving an inflammatory component, including multiple sclerosis, brain trauma, stroke, and Alzheimer's disease. This movement started in the late eighties, and the corresponding field of research, known as neuroimmunology, is presently booming. In psychiatry, however, the relationship between cytokines and mental disorders was much less evident and took longer to materialize. The first indication that cytokines might be involved in psychopathology came from cancerology and internal medicine.

Cytokines As Players Of Neuronal Plasticity And Sensitivity To Environment In Healthy And Pathological Brain Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cytokines as Players of Neuronal Plasticity and Sensitivity to Environment in Healthy and Pathological Brain
✏Author : Silvia Alboni
✏Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
✏Release Date : 2016-03-18
✏Pages : 158
✏ISBN : 9782889197682
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cytokines as Players of Neuronal Plasticity and Sensitivity to Environment in Healthy and Pathological Brain Book Summary : It is now accepted that immune molecules are not only present within the brain during pathology but they exert physiological functions in the “healthy” brain as well. Increasing evidence points to a neuro-modulatory role of cytokines and chemokines (CHEMOtactic cytoKINES) in basal transmission and plasticity processes where signaling between peri-synaptic astrocytes, microglia and neurons plays an important role. Nevertheless, the exact mechanisms as to how cytokines, and in particular chemokines, participate in the molecular and cellular processes thought to subserve memory formation, plasticity processes and responsiveness to environmental stimuli remain to be clarified. Interestingly, in in vitro preparations, molecules like TNF-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, CX3CL1, CXCL12, CCL2 and CCL3 are implicated in synaptic formation and scaling, in modulation of glutamatergic transmission, in plasticity and neurogenesis, in particular in the hippocampus. The hippocampus is an extremely plastic structure, one of the main neurogenic niches in the adult brain, that exhibits a marked sensibility to environmental stimuli. Indeed exposure of mice to environmental enrichment (EE) modifies learning and memory abilities increasing neurogenesis and neuronal plasticity whether exposure to severe stressful experiences diminishes neurotrophic support, impairs neurogenesis, plasticity and cognition. In the hippocampus cytokines play a key role in mediating both positive as well as negative effects of the environment affecting neuronal plasticity also in stress related pathologies, such as depression. It has been reported that mice lacking type 1 receptor for IL-1 display impaired hippocampal memory and LTP that are restored by EE; moreover negative effects on neuronal plasticity (and thus behavior) induced by stress exposure can be prevented by blocking IL-1 activity. In addition, mice lacking IL-6 have improved cognitive functions whereas the absence of microglia-driven CX3CR1 signaling increases hippocampal plasticity and spatial memory occluding the potentiating effects of EE. However, the factors mediating the effect of environmental stimuli on behavior and plasticity has been only partially identified. Interestingly, it has been suggested that chemokines can play a key role in the flexibility of hippocampal structure and may modulate neuronal signaling during behavior. The question is how cytokines may translate environmental stimuli in plasticity and behavioral changes. This research topic is proposed to explore the role of cytokines, and more in particular chemokines, in the modulation of neuronal activity as a fundamental step for the correct brain wiring, function and susceptibility to environment. We encourage the submission of original research reports, review articles, commentaries, perspectives or short communications, in the following (but not limited to) topics: - Role of cytokines and chemokines in neuronal plasticity - Immune molecules and responsiveness to environment - Role of chemokine in the flexibility of hippocampal structure

Brain Immune System Signal Molecules In Protection From Aerobic And Anaerobic Infections Book PDF
✏Book Title : Brain Immune System Signal Molecules in Protection from Aerobic and Anaerobic Infections
✏Author : Armen A. Galoyan
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-06-06
✏Pages : 200
✏ISBN : 9781461436676
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Brain Immune System Signal Molecules in Protection from Aerobic and Anaerobic Infections Book Summary : Proline-rich polypeptides - in particular (PRP-1) galarmin and its structural analogues – are, when isolated from the neurosecretory granules of neurohypophysis of humans and animals, a new type of hypothalamic peptides. They work against aerobic, anaerobic, gram-positive, and gram-negative microorganisms in vivo, and do not have etiotropic properties. They are unique and capable substitutes to antibiotics, and, moreover, may be effective against strains, such as MRSA, that develop resistance to antibiotics. Galarmin, a component of the brain neuroendocrine system produced by the neurosecretory cells of hypothalamus, possesses immunomodulative, neuroprotective, antioxidant, antitumorigenic and hematopoietic properties. Moreover, galarmin and its structural analogues are powerful anti-inflammatory compounds. In addition to presenting a full overview of the neuroimmune system, it emphasizes the antibacterial, neuroprotective, and neuroregenerative properties of proline-rich polypeptides. It investigates the mechanism of galarmin’s action during different infectious processes, where it targets such dangerous pathogens as Bacillus anthracis, Clostridium perfringens, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and Methycillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This research is important from both a theoretical and a clinical point of view, creating new prospects for the modern pharmaceutical industry and neuroendocrine, neuroimmunological sciences. Dr. Galoyan is a pioneer of the specialized field of neuroimmunology. During his 45-year long career, he has discovered a neuroendocrine immune system of the brain and identified a new type of brain cytokines: proline-rich polypeptides. The most important of these, PRP-1 (galarmin) has been shown to possess antibacterial properties and protect from certain neurotoxins.

Mechanisms Of Secondary Brain Damage From Trauma And Ischemia Book PDF
✏Book Title : Mechanisms of Secondary Brain Damage from Trauma and Ischemia
✏Author : A. Baethmann
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2004-06-30
✏Pages : 132
✏ISBN : 3211209328
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Mechanisms of Secondary Brain Damage from Trauma and Ischemia Book Summary : Top level clinical and laboratory scientists present their most recent clinical and experimental findings and concepts. The well balanced contributions illustrate the enormous significance of the dialogue between both laboratory and clinic, ultimately for the benefit of the patients, and contribute to a better understanding of secondary brain damage from trauma and ischemia as basis to develop more effective treatment including drugs.

Encyclopedia Of Behavioral Neuroscience Book PDF
✏Book Title : Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2010-04-16
✏Pages : 1816
✏ISBN : 9780080914558
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience Book Summary : Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

Geriatric Psychiatry An Issue Of Psychiatric Clinics E Book Book PDF
✏Book Title : Geriatric Psychiatry An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics E Book
✏Author : George S. Alexopoulos
✏Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
✏Release Date : 2011-06-06
✏Pages : 256
✏ISBN : 9781455709519
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Geriatric Psychiatry An Issue of Psychiatric Clinics E Book Book Summary : This issue covers a broad selection of topics critical to psychiatrist and any physician who treats older patients. Topics include: Epidemiology, clinical evaluation, and treatment of dementing disorders, late-life psychosis; suicide in late life; depression in primary care; structural neuroimaging of geriatric depression; gene-environment interactions in geriatric depression; treatment of geriatric depression; etiological Theories of Late-Life depression; geriatric bipolar disorder; psychotherapies in geriatric depression; home-based care of the elderly with mental disorders; functional neuroimaging in geriatric depression; models of treatment engagement of geriatric persons with mental disorders; and mental health service delivery to the elderly.