Concise Encyclopedia Of The History Of Energy
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📒Concise Encyclopedia Of The History Of Energy ✍ Cutler J. Cleveland
✏Concise Encyclopedia of the History of Energy Book Summary : The Concise Encyclopedia of the History of Energy draws together in a single volume a comprehensive account of the field from the prestigious and award-winning Encyclopedia of Energy (2004). This volume covers all aspects of energy history with authoritative articles authoritatively contributed and edited by an interdisciplinary team of experts. Extensively revised since the original publication of they Encylopedia of Energy, this work describes the most interesting historical developments of the past five years in the energy sector. A concise desk reference for researchers and interested in any aspect of the history of energy science Provides eminently cost-effective access to some of the most interesting articles in Encyclopedia of Energy Significantly revised to accommodate the latest trends in each field of enquiry
📒Dictionary Of Energy ✍ Cutler J. Cleveland
✏Dictionary of Energy Book Summary : The Dictionary of Energy, Second Edition is a comprehensive and authoritative reference on all aspects of energy and its role in society. Edited by Cutler J. Cleveland and Christopher Morris, the editors of Handbook of Energy, Volumes 1 and 2, this authoritative resource comes at a time when the topic of energy prices, resources and environmental impacts are at the forefront of news stories and political discussions. The Second Edition of Dictionary of Energy contains over 10,000 terms, across 40 key subject areas in energy (e.g. solar, oil & gas, economics, models, policy, basic concepts, sustainable development, systems, renewable/alternative energy, water, etc), with additional window essays on key issues, such as Biomass, Ecological Footprint, Exergy, Fuel Cell, and Hybrid Vehicles. Dictionary of Energy, Second Edition is a valuable reference for undergraduate and graduate students, academics, and research scientists who study energy, as well as business corporations, professional firms, government agencies, foundations, and other groups whose activities relate to energy. Comprises over 10,000 terms and definitions covering 40 scientific disciplines and topics Window essays on subjects such as life cycle assessment, methane, and tragedy of the commons written by leading scientists in the field Definitions are accompanied by photos and illustrations Over 2,200 new or revised terms Seventy-five percent of photos and illustrations either revised or new for this edition
📒Low Carbon Energy Transitions ✍ Kathleen Araújo
✏Low Carbon Energy Transitions Book Summary : The world is at a pivotal crossroad in energy choices. There is a strong sense that our use of energy must be more sustainable. Moreover, many also broadly agree that a way must be found to rely increasingly on lower carbon energy sources. However, no single or clear solution exists on the means to carry out such a shift at either a national or international level. Traditional energy planning (when done) has revolved around limited cost projections that often fail to take longer term evidence and interactions of a wider set of factors into account. The good news is that evidence does exist on such change in case studies of different nations shifting toward low-carbon energy approaches. In fact, such shifts can occur quite quickly at times, alongside industrial and societal advance, innovation, and policy learning. These types of insights will be important for informing energy debates and decision-making going forward. Low Carbon Energy Transitions: Turning Points in National Policy and Innovation takes an in-depth look at four energy transitions that have occurred since the global oil crisis of 1973: Brazilian biofuels, Danish wind power, French nuclear power, and Icelandic geothermal energy. With these cases, Dr. Araújo argues that significant nationwide shifts to low-carbon energy can occur in under fifteen years, and that technological complexity is not necessarily a major impediment to such shifts. Dr. Araújo draws on more than five years of research, and interviews with over 120 different scientists, government workers, academics, and members of civil society in completing this study. Low Carbon Energy Transitions is written for for professionals in energy, the environment and policy as well as for students and citizens who are interested in critical decisions about energy sustainability. Technology briefings are provided for each of the major technologies in this book, so that scientific and non-scientific readers can engage in more even discussions about the choices that are involved.
✏The Concise Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History Book Summary : With 150 accessible articles written by more than 130 leading experts, this essential reference provides authoritative introductions to some of the most important and talked-about topics in American history and politics, from the founding to today. Abridged from the acclaimed Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History, this is the only single-volume encyclopedia that provides comprehensive coverage of both the traditional topics of U.S. political history and the broader forces that shape American politics--including economics, religion, social movements, race, class, and gender. Fully indexed and cross-referenced, each entry provides crucial context, expert analysis, informed perspectives, and suggestions for further reading. Contributors include Dean Baker, Lewis Gould, Alex Keyssar, James Kloppenberg, Patricia Nelson Limerick, Lisa McGirr, Jack Rakove, Nick Salvatore, Stephen Skowronek, Jeremi Suri, Julian Zelizer, and many more. Entries cover? Key political periods, from the founding to today Political institutions, major parties, and founding documents The broader forces that shape U.S. politics, from economics, religion, and social movements to race, class, and gender Ideas, philosophies, and movements The political history and influence of geographic regions
✏The Concise Encyclopedia of the Ethics of New Technologies Book Summary : The ethical assessment of new technologies raises two principal concerns: the need to develop effective policies and legislation, and the reconsideration of the ethical frameworks in which these policies and laws are developed. The importance of rapid, accurate examinations of tensions between Philosophy and Law and the relationship between philosophical principles and empirical data has never been greater. The Concise Encyclopedia of Ethics of New Technologies includes 23 articles previously published in the highly-acclaimed Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, nine updated articles, and five new articles, commissioned especially for this volume. Over half of the previously published articles include updated facts and bibliographic citations. Authors of genetics articles have updated their works to include the most recent developments and publications. New articles include: "Cloning," "Geneticization," "Health Technology Assessment," "Intrinsic and Instrumental Value," and "Novel Foods." Articles fall into these subject categories: Medical Ethics; Scientific Ethics; Theories of Ethics; Environmental Ethics; Legal Ethics; Ethical Concepts
✏Concise Encyclopedia of Materials Characterization Book Summary : To use materials effectively, their composition, degree of perfection, physical and mechanical characteristics, and microstructure must be accurately determined. This concise encyclopledia covers the wide range of characterization techniques necessary to achieve this. Articles included are not only concerned with the characterization techniques of specific materials such as polymers, metals, ceramics and semiconductors but also techniques which can be applied to materials in general. The techniques described cover bulk methods, and also a number of specific methods to study the topography and composition of surface and near-surface regions. These techniques range from the well-established and traditional to the very latest including: atomic force microscopy; confocal optical microscopy; gamma ray diffractometry; thermal wave imaging; x-ray diffraction and time-resolved techniques. This unique concise encyclopedia comprises 116 articles by leading experts in the field from around the world to create the ideal guide for materials scientists, chemists and engineers involved with any aspect of materials characterization. With over 540 illustrations, extensive cross-referencing, approximately 900 references, and a detailed index, this concise encyclopedia will be a valuable asset to any materials science collection.
📒Concise Encyclopedia Of Self Propagating High Temperature Synthesis ✍ Inna P. Borovinskaya
✏Concise Encyclopedia of Self Propagating High Temperature Synthesis Book Summary : The Concise Encyclopedia of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis: History, Theory, Technology, and Products helps students and scientists understand the fundamental concepts behind self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS). SHS-based technologies provide valuable alterations to traditional methods of material fabrication, such as powder metallurgy, conventional and force sintering, casting, extrusion, high isostatic pressure sintering, and others. The book captures the whole spectrum of the chemistry, physics, reactions, materials, and processes of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. This book is an indispensable resource not only to scientists working in the field of SHS, but also to researchers in multidisciplinary fields such as chemical engineering, metallurgy, material science, combustion, explosion, and the chemistry of solids. Written by high-level experts in the field from 20 different countries, along with editors who are founders of the field Covers 169 topics in the field of SHS Features new phenomena, such as acoustics and high-energy reactions in combustion synthesis Provides an overview of many aspects of the constructive application of the combustion phenomenon, for example, in the fabrication of advanced materials
📒Concise Encyclopedia Of Science And Technology ✍ John-David Yule
✏Concise encyclopedia of science and technology Book Summary : A selective guide to the content, language, and history of science and technology, featuring investigations in astronomy, biology, chemistry, metallurgy, physics, geology, medicine, anthropology, psychology, linguistics, and philosophy
📒Concise Encyclopedia Of Atomic Energy ✍ Frank Gaynor
✏Concise Encyclopedia of Atomic Energy Book Summary :
📒Mexico ✍ Don M. Coerver
✏Mexico Book Summary : Provides information on the events, people, and issues that have shaped twentieth-century Mexico, covering such topics as history, the economy, art, and culture.