Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

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  • Author : Rainer Matyssek
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Pages : 622 pages
  • ISBN : 9780080983493
  • Rating : /5 from reviews
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Download or Read online Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges full in PDF, ePub and kindle. this book written by Rainer Matyssek and published by Elsevier Science Limited which was released on 01 November 2013 with total page 622 pages. We cannot guarantee that Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges book is available in the library, click Get Book button and read full online book in your kindle, tablet, IPAD, PC or mobile whenever and wherever You Like. There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research" for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound risk indications regarding atmospheric changes and ecosystem services. Identifies current knowledge gaps and emerging research needs Highlights novel methodologies and integrated research concepts Assesses ecological meaning of investigations and prioritizing research need

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,P. Cudlin,T. N. Mikkelsen,N. Clarke,J-P. Tuovinen
  • Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
  • Release : 01 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

There are significant pressures from climate change and air pollution that forests currently face. This book aims to increase understanding of the state and potential of forest ecosystems to mitigate and adapt to climate change in a polluted environment. It reconciles process-oriented research, long-term monitoring and applied modeling through comprehensive forest ecosystem research. Furthermore, it introduces "forest super sites for research" for integrating soil, plant and atmospheric sciences and monitoring. It also provides mechanistic and policy-oriented modeling with scientifically sound

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Nicholas Clarke,Pavel Cudlin,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Gerhard Wieser,Elena Paoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

This chapter outlines the aims and scope of the book. An introduction is given to the current status of knowledge which is presented on the topic of the book. Arguments are presented for writing the book, in view of continued, long-term and process-based research needed for mitigating ecological and socio-economic risks to forests under global change. The book will conclude on suggestions for decision making and reasons for continued funding of related research.

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Thomas Knoke,Nicholas Clarke,Pavel Cudlin,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Gerhard Wieser,Elena Paoletti
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Conclusions from the individual chapters are integrated into a synopsis, covering achievements and perspectives, and linking challenges for natural and social sciences, provisioning ecosystem services (ESs) under environmental change. The required research and policy making are facilitated by novel understanding of ecosystem functioning and internal factorial interactions with the atmosphere. A basis is provided through methodological progress for establishing forest research ‘supersites’ within global research networks, possessing capacities for creating generic mechanistic knowledge of ecological relevance. On such grounds, provisioning

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Elena Paoletti,Wim de Vries,Teis Nørgaard Mikkelsen,Andreas Ibrom,K.S. Larsen,Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Yussuf Serengil,I. Yurtseven,Gerhard Wieser,Rainer Matyssek
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Untangling the complex effects that different air pollution and climate change factors cause to forest ecosystems is challenging. Supersites, that is, comprehensive measurement sites where research and monitoring of the whole soil–plant–atmosphere system can be carried out, are suggested as a refinement of the current monitoring and research efforts in Europe. This chapter identifies and discusses key measurements to be carried out at such supersites, with a focus on four topical subjects: the carbon, nitrogen, ozone and water

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Dieter Ernst
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

This chapter focuses on the ozone-affected transcriptional responses of juvenile and mature trees under controlled greenhouse and free-air exposure systems. Transcriptional changes are compared to proteomic and metabolite analyses, and short-term changes (acute exposure) to long-term effects (chronic exposure). Free-air exposure systems designed to scale up molecular studies of ozone responses in mature trees at the ecosystem level are reviewed. New technologies, for example, high-throughput methods that integrate genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics, contribute to a deeper insight into the

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Hojka Kraigher,Marko Bajc,Tine Grebenc
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Mycorrhizal fungi have evolved with their plant partners and enabled them with better growth in stressed and disturbed environments by better nutrient acquisition and protection against pathogens. Any stress or disturbance belowground is reflected first in changes in mycorrhizal community structure. The complex mycorrhizal networks and interactions among mycorrhizosphere organisms regulate the carbon dynamics and stability of forest ecosystems by ‘beneficial interactions’ or ‘collaboration’ rather than by competition—especially under stress and disturbance. This chapter provides an overview of mycorrhizal

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Andrzej Bytnerowicz,Mark Fenn,Steven McNulty,Fengming Yuan,Afshin Pourmokhtarian,Charles Driscoll,Tom Meixner
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

A review of the current status of air pollution and climate change (CC) in the United States from a perspective of their impacts on forest ecosystems is provided. Ambient ozone (O3) and nitrogen (N) deposition have important and widespread ecological impacts in U.S. forests. Effects of sulphurous (S) air pollutants and other trace pollutants have significant ecological importance only at much smaller geographic scales. Complex interactive effects of air pollution and CC for selected future CC scenarios are reviewed.

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Vivek Pandey,Elina Oksanen,Nandita Singh,Chhemendra Sharma
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

The air pollution and greenhouse gas emission problem has been exacerbated in India due to large population increase and rapid economic growth. The Indo-Gangetic Plains of Northern India, one of the most fertile regions of the world, has become one of the most polluted regions. The region has emerged as a ‘hot spot’ for air pollution, especially ozone (O3), threatening food-grain production. The air quality data show large parts of India suffering from high pollution load. Unfortunately, O3 monitoring is

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Improving Air Quality

Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Improving Air Quality
  • Author : Larry E. Erickson,Gary Brase
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 18 November 2019
GET THIS BOOK Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Improving Air Quality

The world’s atmosphere is a common resource. Air quality, along with energy, transportation, and climate change have significant impacts on our lives and this book helps readers understand the changes happening at the nexus of these areas, as they relate to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality. Discussing the transitions to electric vehicles, solar and wind energy for electricity generation, battery developments, smart grids and electric power management, and progress in the electrification of agricultural technology, it

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Takayoshi Koike,Makoto Watanabe,Yasutomo Hoshika,Mitsutoshi Kitao,Hideyuki Matsumura,R. Funada,Takeshi Izuta
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Air pollution, especially ozone, in East and Southeast Asia is considered to be more serious than in Europe and North America. An increase in ozone concentration may lead to adverse effects on forest trees in East and Southeast Asia where we have high species richness. Although some information on the effects of ozone on plantation tree species in East Asia is available, the situation of most countries in Southeast Asia is not clarified. In Japan, advanced methodologies such as the

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Pavel Cudlín,Josef Seják,Jan Pokorný,Jana Albrechtová,Olaf Bastian,Michal Marek
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Forests provide many supporting, regulating and cultural services. Extensive environmental changes have resulted in a substantial loss or degradation of forest ecosystem services (ES). Unclear interactions of climate-change phenomena make it difficult to estimate forest ES. Research on interactive effects of climate change and air pollution has become a central issue in forest science during the past decade. Climate change in interaction with air pollution brings novel combinations of severity and timing of multiple stresses, which may significantly affect many

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Maria Nijnik,David Miller
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Contemporary societies expect a range of services (including of carbon sequestration) to be supplied from forest ecosystems. Their growing societal importance is clearly reflected in policies. The conceptual framework for the states that people are integral parts of ecosystems and that a dynamic interaction exists between them and other parts of ecosystems. This approach encompasses social, economic and environmental interactions, and the dynamics and cross scale issues that have multiple outcomes. However, forest multifunctionality is a challenge since the combination

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Rainer Matyssek,Gerhard Wieser,Frank Fleischmann,Ludger Grünhage
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Empirical evidence underlines enhanced ground-level O3 regimes as components of global change, although interaction responses of forest trees and ecosystems have only recently been addressed by research. One case study is the tree-level Kranzberg Forest Experiment, having been resumed for envisioning “next-generation” ecosystem-level O3 research. Quantifying enhanced O3 impact is highlighted as part of a multi-factorial, abiotic–biotic interaction network of experiments and monitoring sites, which challenge the required quantitative predictability of the plasticity, and hence, extent and risk in

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Juha-Pekka Tuovinen,Hannele Hakola,Per Erik Karlsson,David Simpson
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

The air pollution load to northern European forests is changing as a result of emission reductions. Climate change modifies this load, either directly via atmospheric processes or indirectly by affecting emission patterns. We estimate the risk of harmful effects due to tropospheric ozone and nitrogen deposition in present and future conditions. Our modelling results show that critical levels are exceeded in northern Europe for both ozone and nitrogen. Emission reductions will reduce the vegetation stress, but climate change is likely

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges
  • Author : Pierre Dizengremel,Yves Jolivet,Andrée Tuzet,Annamaria Ranieri,Didier Le Thiec
  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 19 November 2013
GET THIS BOOK Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Ozone is a phytotoxic air pollutant, impairing photosynthesis and reducing plant growth. The predicted increase in tropospheric ozone concentration could lead to an increased vulnerability of forests, mitigating carbon sink strength of vegetation under the increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration. To improve European risk indices, currently based on atmospheric O3 concentration (i.e. O3 exposure), it is necessary to assess the phytotoxic ozone dose, reflecting the balance between stomatal ozone uptake and detoxification capacity of foliar cells. Advancing knowledge on plant