Cadmium Toxicity And Tolerance In Plants

Cadmium Toxicity And Tolerance In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants
✏Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2018-11-28
✏Pages : 619
✏ISBN : 9780128148655
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants Book Summary : Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants: From Physiology to Remediation presents a single research resource on the latest in cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants. The book covers many important areas, including means of Cd reduction, from plant adaptation, including antioxidant defense, active excretion and chelation, to phytoextraction, rhizo filtration, phytodegradation, and much more. In addition, it explores important insights into the physiological and molecular mechanisms of Cd uptake and transport and presents options for improving resistance to Cd stresses. It will be ideal for both researchers and students working on cadmium pollution, plant responses and related fields of environmental contamination and toxicology. Includes all aspects of cadmium toxicity and tolerance in plants Provides a comprehensive overview of advances in cadmium toxicity, tolerance and adaptation in plants Elaborates on the advancement of eco-friendly techniques for cadmium remediation from soil and water Provides real-world, application focused techniques

Cadmium Toxicity And Tolerance In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants
✏Author : Nafees A. Khan
✏Publisher : Alpha Science International Limited
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 190
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105127425622
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants Book Summary : Cadmium is a noxious trace pollutant for humans, animals and plants and it is increasingly contaminating the environment through mining, battery and sludge disposal and pesticide application. This volume explores some of the more important aspects of cadmium stress and demonstrates how this can affect plants.

Metal Toxicity And Tolerance In Plants And Animals Book PDF
✏Book Title : Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants and Animals
✏Author : V. P. Singh
✏Publisher : Sarup & Sons
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages : 328
✏ISBN : 8176255874
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants and Animals Book Summary :

📒Cadmium Tolerance In Plants ✍ Mirza Hasanuzzaman

Cadmium Tolerance In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cadmium Tolerance in Plants
✏Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2019-04-17
✏Pages : 630
✏ISBN : 9780128163719
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cadmium Tolerance in Plants Book Summary : Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants: Agronomic, Genetic, Molecular and Omic Approaches presents research and latest developments on mechanisms of cadmium tolerance covering both lab and field conditions. This book contains important insights and options for minimizing Cd accumulation in plants and mitigating Cd toxicity. Topics covered include using various omics approaches to understanding plant responses to Cd, novel technologies for developing Cd tolerance and integrated breeding approaches to mitigate Cd stress in crops. Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants: Agronomic, Genetic, Molecular and Omic Approaches is a valuable resource for both researchers and students working on cadmium pollution and plant responses as well as related fields of environmental contamination and toxicology. Provides data on mechanisms of cadmium tolerance at the cell, organ and whole plant level Covers several major approaches, molecular and agronomic, in addressing cadmium toxicity in plants and soil Offers real-world, application focused techniques

Cadmium Toxicity And Tolerance Mechanisms In Two Barley Genotypes Hordeum Vulgare  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance Mechanisms in Two Barley Genotypes Hordeum Vulgare
✏Author : Daniel Pergament Persson
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2004
✏Pages : 55
✏ISBN : OCLC:476621612
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cadmium Toxicity and Tolerance Mechanisms in Two Barley Genotypes Hordeum Vulgare Book Summary :

Physiology And Biochemistry Of Metal Toxicity And Tolerance In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Physiology and Biochemistry of Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants
✏Author : M.N. Prasad
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-06-29
✏Pages : 432
✏ISBN : 9789401726603
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Physiology and Biochemistry of Metal Toxicity and Tolerance in Plants Book Summary : The aim of this book is to give an overview of the most important aspects of physiological and biochemical basis for metal toxicity and tolerance in plants. The book is expected to serve as a reference to university and college teachers, students of plant sciences, environmental biology, environmental biotechnology, agriculture, horticulture, forestry, plant molecular biology, and genetics.

Environmental Adaptations And Stress Tolerance Of Plants In The Era Of Climate Change Book PDF
✏Book Title : Environmental Adaptations and Stress Tolerance of Plants in the Era of Climate Change
✏Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-12-02
✏Pages : 515
✏ISBN : 1461408156
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Environmental Adaptations and Stress Tolerance of Plants in the Era of Climate Change Book Summary : Climate change is a complex phenomenon with a wide range of impacts on the environment. Biotic and abiotic stress are a result of climate change. Abiotic stress is caused by primary and secondary stresses which are an impediment to plant productivity. Prolonged exposure to these stresses results in altered metabolism and damage to biomolecules. Plants evolve defense mechanisms to withstand these stresses, e.g. synthesis of osmolytes, osmoprotectants, and antioxidants. Stress responsive genes and gene products including expressed proteins are implicated in conferring tolerance to the plant. This volume will provide the reader with a wide spectrum of information, including vital references. It also provides information as to how phytoconstituents, hormones and plant associated microbes help the plants to tolerate the stress. This volume also highlights the use of plant resources for ameliorating soil contaminants such as heavy metals. Dr. Parvaiz is Assistant professor in Botany at A.S. College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. He has completed his post-graduation in Botany in 2000 from Jamia Hamdard New Delhi India. After his Ph.D from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi, India in 2007 he joined the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi. He has published more than 20 research papers in peer reviewed journals and 4 book chapters. He has also edited a volume which is in press with Studium Press Pvt. India Ltd., New Delhi, India. Dr. Parvaiz is actively engaged in studying the molecular and physio-biochemical responses of different plants (mulberry, pea, Indian mustard) under environmental stress. Prof. M.N.V. Prasad is a Professor in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Hyderabad, India. He received B.Sc. (1973) and M.Sc. (1975) degrees from Andhra University, India, and the Ph.D. degree (1979) in botany from the University of Lucknow, India. Prasad had published 216 articles in peer reviewed journals and 82 book chapters and conference proceedings in the broad area of environmental botany and heavy metal stress in plants. He is the author, co-author, editor, or co-editor for eight books. He is the recipient of Pitamber Pant national Environment Fellowship of 2007 awarded by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Cellular And Molecular Phytotoxicity Of Heavy Metals Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cellular and Molecular Phytotoxicity of Heavy Metals
✏Author : Mohammad Faisal
✏Publisher : Springer Nature
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9783030459758
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cellular and Molecular Phytotoxicity of Heavy Metals Book Summary :

Plant Tolerance To Abiotic Stresses In Agriculture Role Of Genetic Engineering Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses in Agriculture Role of Genetic Engineering
✏Author : Joe H. Cherry
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 360
✏ISBN : 9789401143233
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses in Agriculture Role of Genetic Engineering Book Summary : Environmental stresses represent the most limiting factors for agricultural productivity worldwide. These stresses impact not only current crop species, they are also significant barriers to the introduction of crop plants into areas that are not currently being used for agriculture. Stresses associated with temperature, salinity and drought, singly or in combination, are likely to enhance the severity of problems to which plants will be exposed in the coming decades. The present book brings together contributions from many laboratories around the world to discuss and compare our current knowledge of the role stress genes play in plant stress tolerance. In addition, strategies are discussed to introduce these genes and the processes that they encode into economically important crops, and the effect this will have on plant productivity.

Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants
✏Author : M. Iqbal R. Khan
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2020-05-13
✏Pages : 322
✏ISBN : 9780429648526
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants Book Summary : Abiotic stresses such as drought, flooding, high or low temperatures, metal toxicity and salinity can hamper plant growth and development. Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants explains the physiological and molecular mechanisms plants naturally exhibit to withstand abiotic stresses and outlines the potential approaches to enhance plant abiotic stress tolerance to extreme conditions. Synthesising developments in plant stress biology, the book offers strategies that can be used in breeding, genomic, molecular, physiological and biotechnological approaches that hold the potential to develop resilient plants and improve crop productivity worldwide. Features · Comprehensively explains molecular and physiological mechanism of multiple abiotic stress tolerance in plants · Discusses recent advancements in crop abiotic stress tolerance mechanism and highlights strategies to develop abiotic stress tolerant genotypes for sustainability · Stimulates synthesis of information for plant stress biology for biotechnological applications · Presents essential information for large scale breeding and agricultural biotechnological programs for crop improvement Written by a team of expert scientists, this book benefits researchers in the field of plant stress biology and is essential reading for graduate students and researchers generating stress tolerant crops through genetic engineering and plant breeding. It appeals to individuals developing sustainable agriculture through physiological and biotechnological applications.

📒Plants And The Chemical Elements ✍ Margaret E. Farago

Plants And The Chemical Elements Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plants and the Chemical Elements
✏Author : Margaret E. Farago
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2008-07-11
✏Pages : 302
✏ISBN : 9783527615902
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plants and the Chemical Elements Book Summary : How do plants react to elements in the soil? A vital question, particulary in today's world of increasing environmental contamination... The answer can be found in this book. It has an extraordinarily broad basis, compiling up-to-date information from numerous specialist disciplines. Key articles are devoted to - Soil Chemistry and Bioavailability - Metal-tolerant Plants - Metalloenzymes - Toxic Effects of Metals - Radionuclides Moreover emphasis is placed on environmental aspects, with detailed considerations of plants that hyperaccumulate heavy metals and plants that are indicators for pollution. A discussion of experimental techniques rounds off the book. They include sampling, sample preparation, analytical methods and aspects of quality assurance. All in all a valuable forum for the exchange of current thinking across a broad spectrum of disciplines.

📒Plant Environment Interaction ✍ Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz

Plant Environment Interaction Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Environment Interaction
✏Author : Mohamed Mahgoub Azooz
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2016-01-26
✏Pages : 368
✏ISBN : 9781119080992
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Environment Interaction Book Summary : The increase in global population, urbanization and industrialization is resulting in the conversion of cultivated land into wasteland. Providing food from these limited resources to an ever-increasing population is one of the biggest challenges that present agriculturalists and plant scientists are facing. Environmental stresses make this situation even graver. Plants on which mankind is directly or indirectly dependent exhibit various mechanisms for their survival. Adaptability of the plants to changing environment is a matter of concern for plant biologists trying to reach the goal of food security. Despite the induction of several tolerance mechanisms, sensitive plants often fail to withstand these environmental extremes. Using new technological approaches has become essential and imperative. Plant-Environment Interaction: Responses and Approaches to Mitigate Stress throws light on the changing environment and the sustainability of plants under these conditions. It contains the most up-to-date research and comprehensive detailed discussions in plant physiology, climate change, agronomy and forestry, sometimes from a molecular point of view, to convey in-depth understanding of the effects of environmental stress in plants, their responses to the environment, how to mitigate the negative effects and improve yield under stress. This edited volume is written by expert plant biologists from around the world, providing invaluable knowledge to graduate and undergraduate students in plant biochemistry, food chemistry, plant physiology, molecular biology, plant biotechnology, and environmental sciences. This book updates scientists and researchers with the very latest information and sustainable methods used for stress tolerance, which will also be of considerable interest to plant based companies and institutions concerned with the campaign of food security.

📒Plant Metal Interactions ✍ Sudhakar Srivastava

Plant Metal Interactions Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Metal Interactions
✏Author : Sudhakar Srivastava
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2019-07-26
✏Pages : 316
✏ISBN : 9783030207328
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Metal Interactions Book Summary : Metal toxicity and deficiency are both common abiotic problems faced by plants. While metal contamination around the world is a critical issue, the bioavailability of some essential metals like zinc (Zn) and selenium (Se) can be seriously low in other locations. The list of metals spread in high concentrations in soil, water and air includes several toxic as well as essential elements, such as arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), aluminum (Al), and selenium (Se). The problems for some metals are geographically confined, while for others, they are widespread. For instance, arsenic is an important toxic metalloid whose contamination in Southeast Asia and other parts of world is well documented. Its threats to human health via food consumption have generated immense interest in understanding plants’ responses to arsenic stress. Metals constitute crucial components of key enzymes and proteins in plants. They are important for the proper growth and development of plants. In turn, plants serve as sources of essential elements for humans and animals. Studies of their physiological effects on plants metabolism have led to the identification of crucial genes and proteins controlling metal uptake and transport, as well as the sensing and signaling of metal stresses. Plant-Metal Interactions sheds light on the latest development and research in analytical biology with respect to plant physiology. More importantly, it showcases the positive and negative impacts of metals on crop plants growth and productivity.

Approaches To Heavy Metal Tolerance In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Approaches to Heavy Metal Tolerance in Plants
✏Author : Sumira Jan
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2016-09-07
✏Pages : 110
✏ISBN : 9789811016936
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Approaches to Heavy Metal Tolerance in Plants Book Summary : This book summarizes the development of highly tolerant cultivars via plant breeding, genomics, and proteomic approaches. This book could supplement data for budding researchers by providing extensive ongoing measures to improve the detoxification competence of appropriate species via wide range of plant improvement approaches. It also offers insights into heavy metal signalling,metal chelation by organic acids, amino acids, and phosphate derivatives, and illustrates other strategies that have been extensively investigated, such as genetic engineering, ecological improvement of the rhizosphere using mycorrhiza and chelator enhanced phytoremediation technology. This book could provide simple anthology for undergraduate and postgraduate students to understand fundamentals of heavy metal pollution in the environment. The book closes with a prelude to an inclusive study of biodiversity that could provide new biofilters for metal detoxification.

Issues In Life Sciences Botany And Plant Biology Research 2011 Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : Issues in Life Sciences Botany and Plant Biology Research 2011 Edition
✏Author :
✏Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
✏Release Date : 2012-01-09
✏Pages : 3674
✏ISBN : 9781464963438
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Issues in Life Sciences Botany and Plant Biology Research 2011 Edition Book Summary : Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Legumes Under Environmental Stress Book PDF
✏Book Title : Legumes under Environmental Stress
✏Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2014-12-01
✏Pages : 328
✏ISBN : 9781118917114
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Legumes under Environmental Stress Book Summary : Leguminous crops have been found to contribute almost 27% of the world’s primary crop production. However, due to environmental fluctuations, legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to problems with growth and development, and ultimately, decreased yield. This timely review explains the transcriptomics, proteomics, genomics, metabolomics, transgenomics, functional genomics and phenomics of a wide range of different leguminous crops under biotic and abiotic stresses, and their genetic and molecular responses. Amongst others the text describes the effect of nutrient deficiency, pesticides, salt, and temperature stress on legumes. Importantly, the book explores the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches that are used to overcome biotic and abiotic constraints in legumes. It looks at the exogenous application of phytoprotectants; the role of nutrients in the alleviation of abiotic stress; and the microbial strategy for the improvement of legume production under hostile environments. Key features: demonstrates how to mitigate the negative effect of stress on leguminous crops, and how to improve the yield under stress the most up-to-date research in the field written by an international team of active researchers and practitioners across academia, industry and non-profit organisations. This volume is a valuable and much-needed resource for scientists, professionals and researchers working in plant science, breeding, food security, crop improvement and agriculture worldwide. In universities it will educate postgraduate and graduate students in plant science and agriculture; it will also benefit those in scientific institutions and in biotech and agribusiness companies, who deal with agronomy and environment.

📒Plant Micronutrients ✍ Tariq Aftab

Plant Micronutrients Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Micronutrients
✏Author : Tariq Aftab
✏Publisher : Springer Nature
✏Release Date : 2020
✏Pages : 474
✏ISBN : 9783030498566
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Micronutrients Book Summary : Plants require essential nutrients (macronutrients and micronutrients) for normal functioning. Sufficiency range is the levels of nutrients necessary to meet the plants needs for optimal growth. This range depends on individual plant species and the particular nutrient. Nutrient levels outside of a plants sufficiency range cause overall crop growth and health to decline, due either to deficiency or toxicity from over-accumulation. Apart from micronutrients (B, Cl, Mn, Fe, Zn, Cu and Mo), Aluminum (Al), cerium (Ce), cobalt (Co), iodine (I), lanthanum (La), sodium (Na), selenium (Se), silicon (Si), titanium (Ti), and vanadium (V) are emerging as novel biostimulants that may enhance crop productivity and nutritional quality. These beneficial elements are not "essential" but when supplied at low dosages, they augment plant growth, development, and yield by stimulating specific molecular, biochemical, and physiological pathways in responses to challenging environments. The book is the first reference volume that approaches plant micronutrient management with the latest biotechnological and omics tools. Expertly curated chapters highlight working solutions as well as open problems and future challenges in plant micronutrient deficiency or toxicity. We believe this book will introduce readers to state-of-the-art developments and research trends in this field.

📒Heavy Metal Stress In Plants ✍ Dharmendra K. Gupta

Heavy Metal Stress In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Heavy Metal Stress in Plants
✏Author : Dharmendra K. Gupta
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-08-04
✏Pages : 242
✏ISBN : 9783642384691
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Heavy Metal Stress in Plants Book Summary : Plants possess a range of potential cellular mechanisms that may be involved in the detoxification of heavy metals and thus tolerance to metal stress. Metal toxicity causes multiple direct and indirect effects in plants that concern practically all physiological functions. The main purpose of this book is to present comprehensive and concise information on recent advances in the field of metal transport and how genetic diversity affects heavy metal transport in plants. Other key futures of the book are related to metal toxicity and detoxification mechanisms, biochemical tools for HM remediation processes, molecular mechanisms for HM detoxification, how metallomics and metalloproteomics are affected by heavy metal stress in plants, and the role of ROS metabolism in the alleviation of heavy metals. Some chapters also focus on recent developments in the field of phytoremediation. Overall the book presents in-depth information and the most essential advances in the field of heavy metal toxicity in plants in recent years.

Ultraviolet B Radiation Stress Aluminum Stress Toxicity And Tolerance Boron Requirements Stress And Toxicity Book PDF
✏Book Title : Ultraviolet B Radiation Stress Aluminum Stress Toxicity and Tolerance Boron Requirements Stress and Toxicity
✏Author : Douglas D. Randall
✏Publisher : University of Missouri Press
✏Release Date : 1991
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : MINN:31951P00934252N
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Ultraviolet B Radiation Stress Aluminum Stress Toxicity and Tolerance Boron Requirements Stress and Toxicity Book Summary :

Plant Ecophysiology And Adaptation Under Climate Change Mechanisms And Perspectives I Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Ecophysiology and Adaptation under Climate Change Mechanisms and Perspectives I
✏Author : Mirza Hasanuzzaman
✏Publisher : Springer Nature
✏Release Date : 2020-06-01
✏Pages : 859
✏ISBN : 9789811521560
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Ecophysiology and Adaptation under Climate Change Mechanisms and Perspectives I Book Summary : This book presents the state-of-the-art in plant ecophysiology. With a particular focus on adaptation to a changing environment, it discusses ecophysiology and adaptive mechanisms of plants under climate change. Over the centuries, the incidence of various abiotic stresses such as salinity, drought, extreme temperatures, atmospheric pollution, metal toxicity due to climate change have regularly affected plants and, and some estimates suggest that environmental stresses may reduce the crop yield by up to 70%. This in turn adversely affects the food security. As sessile organisms, plants are frequently exposed to various environmental adversities. As such, both plant physiology and plant ecophysiology begin with the study of responses to the environment. Provides essential insights, this book can be used for courses such as Plant Physiology, Environmental Science, Crop Production and Agricultural Botany. Volume 1 provides up-to-date information on the impact of climate change on plants, the general consequences and plant responses to various environmental stresses.

Subcellular Site And Nature Of Intracellular Cadmium In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Subcellular Site and Nature of Intracellular Cadmium in Plants
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1979
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1061367395
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Subcellular Site and Nature of Intracellular Cadmium in Plants Book Summary : The mechanisms underlying heavy metal accumulation, toxicity and tolerance in higher plants are poorly understood. Since subcellular processes are undoubtedly involved in all these phenomena, it is of interest to study the extent of, subcellular site of and nature of intracellularly accumulated cadmium in higher plants. Whole plants supplied /sup 109/CdCl/sub 2/ or /sup 112/CdSO/sub 4/ accumulated Cd into roots and aerial tissues. Preparation of protoplasts from aerial tissue followed by subcellular fractionation of the protoplasts to obtain intact vacuoles, chloroplasts and cytosol revealed the presence of Cd in the cytosol but not in vacuoles or chloroplasts. Particulate materials containing other cell components were also labeled. Of the /sup 109/Cd supplied to plants, 2 to 10% was recovered in both cytosol preparations and in particulate materials. Cytosol contained proteinaceous--Cd complexes, free metal and low molecular weight Cd complexes. Labeling of protoplasts gave similar results. No evidence was obtained for the production of volatile Cd complexes in tobacco.

Phytoremediation Of Toxic Metals Book PDF
✏Book Title : Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals
✏Author : Ilya Raskin
✏Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
✏Release Date : 2000
✏Pages : 304
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105022169192
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals Book Summary : An in-depth look at the most promising technology for metal remediation. With current cleanup methodologies offering no real solution to the serious environmental implications of toxic metal contamination, there is a growing need among remediation professionals for effective, affordable, nonpolluting alternatives to energy-intensive engineering processes. This book presents one such promising alternative-the extraordinary new technology of phytoremediation. Through first-rate contributions from the top scientists in the field, Phytoremediation of Toxic Metals surveys worldwide pioneering efforts in the use of plants to treat contamination of such metals as lead, cadmium, chromium, and even radionuclides. The authors explore all major aspects of the technology-how it utilizes the metal-accumulating properties of selected or engineered plants to remove toxic metals from soils and water, how to transfer knowledge from the laboratory to the field, and what methods are most viable for commercial application. Complete, state-of-the-art coverage includes: * The economic advantages of plant-based technology * Regulatory considerations for future phytoremediation * Phytoextraction, phytostabilization, and phytofiltration of toxic metals * Photostabilization of metals using hybrid poplar trees * Phytovolatilization for the special case of mercury and selenium * The biological mechanisms of metal-accumulating plants

Metal Toxicity In Plants Perception Signaling And Remediation Book PDF
✏Book Title : Metal Toxicity in Plants Perception Signaling and Remediation
✏Author : Dharmendra K. Gupta
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-09-15
✏Pages : 264
✏ISBN : 3642220819
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Metal Toxicity in Plants Perception Signaling and Remediation Book Summary : Heavy metal accumulation in soil and water from natural sources or anthropogenic activities have produced severe environmental contamination in some parts of the world due to the persistence of metals in the environment by their accumulation throughout the food chain. The purpose of this book is to present the most recent advances in this field, mainly concerning the uptake and translocation of heavy metals in plants, mechanisms of toxicity, perception of metal and regulation of cell response under metal stress. Another key feature of this book is related to the studies on signaling and remediation processes in recent years, which have taken advantage of recent technological advances including "omic" approaches. In recent years transcriptomic, proteomic and metabolomic studies have become very important tools for analyzing both the dynamics of changes in gene expression and the profiles of protein and metabolites under heavy metal stress. This information is also very useful for plotting the complex signaling and metabolic network induced by heavy metals, in which hormones and reactive oxygen species (ROS) also play an important role. Understanding the mechanism involved in sequestration and hyperaccumulation is very important to developing new strategies of phytoremediation, which are reviewed in several chapters of this book. The information included yields very stimulating insights into the mechanism involved in the regulation of plant responses to heavy metals, which in turn improve our knowledge of cell regulation under metal stress and the use of plants for phytoremediation.

Effect Of Heavy Metal Pollution On Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Effect of Heavy Metal Pollution on Plants
✏Author : N. W. Lepp
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-12-06
✏Pages : 258
✏ISBN : 9789400980990
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Effect of Heavy Metal Pollution on Plants Book Summary : Trace metals occur as natural constituents of the earth's crust, and are ever present constituents of soils, natural waters and living matter. The biological significance of this disparate assemblage of elements has gradually been uncovered during the twentieth century; the resultant picture is one of ever-increasing complexity. Several of these elements have been demonstrated to be essential to the functions of living organisms, others appear to only interact with living matter in a toxic manner, whilst an ever-decreasing number do not fall conveniently into either category. When the interactions between trace metals and plants are considered, one must take full account of the known chemical properties of each element. Consideration must be given to differences in chemical reactivity, solubility and to interactions with other inorganic and organic molecules. A clear understanding of the basic chemical properties of an element of interest is an essential pre-requisite to any subsequent consideration of its biological significance. Due consideration to basic chemical considerations is a theme which runs through the collection of chapters in both volumes.

Toxic Metals In Soil Plant Systems Book PDF
✏Book Title : Toxic Metals in Soil Plant Systems
✏Author : Sheila Ross
✏Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
✏Release Date : 1994-10-20
✏Pages : 469
✏ISBN : UOM:39015032149802
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Toxic Metals in Soil Plant Systems Book Summary : While not all metals in Soil--plant systems are inherently toxic, particularly in low concentrations, there is an increasing incidence of metal pollution from aerial fallout, spoils, wastes and agricultural amendments including sewage sludge. Toxic Metals in Soil--Plant Systems discusses the processes of trace-metal cycling in contaminated ecosystems under conditions where their concentrations become toxic through high loading rates, long-term exposure or altered environmental conditions. Other environmental and pedological concentration mechanisms are discussed, including cation exchange and anion adsorption onto different soil materials. The book is divided into two sections; the first part discusses the sources and fates of metals in ecosystems, with an up-to-date review of the processes which control metal speciation in soils, metal uptake mechanisms, and plant responses to toxic metal concentrations in soils. A clear understanding of these processes and their interactions in soil is necessary before it is possible to instigate amelioration and restoration programmes for metal-contaminated land. In the second part of the book, a selection of case studies are presented which discuss metal toxicities and metal cycling in a range of different ecosystems, including managed agricultural systems, deciduous woodland, upland heather moorland, and tropical wetlands. In these studies a number of current issues are addressed, including the setting of toxicity thresholds for safe sewage sludge application to agricultural land, the accumulation of soil metals over time in aerially impacted systems, and metal transfers between ecosystem compartments, which are of particular concern in food crops. Providing an integrated view of toxic metals both in the soil and associated growing plants, this book covers a wide range of topics including agriculture, soil science, ecology and forestry and will be of use to researchers and environmental consultants working in these fields.

Detoxification Of Heavy Metals Book PDF
✏Book Title : Detoxification of Heavy Metals
✏Author : Irena Sherameti
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-09-01
✏Pages : 448
✏ISBN : 3642214088
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Detoxification of Heavy Metals Book Summary : Heavy metals are severe environmental pollutants, and many of them are toxic even at very low concentrations. With industrial development, soil pollution with heavy metal elements have dramatically increased. The uptake of heavy metals via plants that are exposed to contaminated soils is a risk for human health and a major hazard for the ecosystem as a whole, including soil microorganisms. On the other hand, plants may be used in the decontamination of soils. The topics presented in this book include: sources of heavy metals contaminants in soils; plant species that can grow on contaminated soils; the phytoremediation of contaminated soils; tolerance, accumulation and detoxification mechanisms of zinc, copper, arsenic, cadmium and vanadium in plants; the critical role of sulfur metabolism in heavy metal tolerance; the role of aquatic macrophytes, plant growth-promoting bacteria, sugar crops and earthworms in detoxification; and heavy metal stabilization by promoting zeolite synthesis in soils.

📒Salt Stress In Plants ✍ Parvaiz Ahmad

Salt Stress In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Salt Stress in Plants
✏Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-02-26
✏Pages : 509
✏ISBN : 9781461461081
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Salt Stress in Plants Book Summary : Environmental conditions and changes, irrespective of source, cause a variety of stresses, one of the most prevalent of which is salt stress. Excess amount of salt in the soil adversely affects plant growth and development, and impairs production. Nearly 20% of the world’s cultivated area and nearly half of the world’s irrigated lands are affected by salinity. Processes such as seed germination, seedling growth and vigour, vegetative growth, flowering and fruit set are adversely affected by high salt concentration, ultimately causing diminished economic yield and also quality of produce. Most plants cannot tolerate salt-stress. High salt concentrations decrease the osmotic potential of soil solution, creating a water stress in plants and severe ion toxicity. The interactions of salts with mineral nutrition may result in nutrient imbalances and deficiencies. The consequence of all these can ultimately lead to plant death as a result of growth arrest and molecular damage. To achieve salt-tolerance, the foremost task is either to prevent or alleviate the damage, or to re-establish homeostatic conditions in the new stressful environment. Barring a few exceptions, the conventional breeding techniques have been unsuccessful in transferring the salt-tolerance trait to the target species. A host of genes encoding different structural and regulatory proteins have been used over the past 5–6 years for the development of a range of abiotic stress-tolerant plants. It has been shown that using regulatory genes is a more effective approach for developing stress-tolerant plants. Thus, understanding the molecular basis will be helpful in developing selection strategies for improving salinity tolerance. This book will shed light on the effect of salt stress on plants development, proteomics, genomics, genetic engineering, and plant adaptations, among other topics. The book will cover around 25 chapters with contributors from all over the world. ​​

Toxic Metals And Environmental Issues Book PDF
✏Book Title : Toxic Metals and Environmental Issues
✏Author : V. P. Singh
✏Publisher : Sarup & Sons
✏Release Date : 2005
✏Pages : 362
✏ISBN : 8176255491
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Toxic Metals and Environmental Issues Book Summary :

📒Heavy Metal Stress In Plants ✍ Jurgen Hagemeyer

Heavy Metal Stress In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Heavy Metal Stress in Plants
✏Author : Jurgen Hagemeyer
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2004-04-26
✏Pages : 462
✏ISBN : 3540401318
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Heavy Metal Stress in Plants Book Summary : Heavy metal phytotoxicity has been known for more than a century. Not until recently, however, has research confirmed the immense damage by metal pollution to plants, the soil and ultimately to humans. This completely updated and enlarged second edition gives a state-of-the art review of both field and laboratory work on heavy metal phytotoxicity.

Tolerance To Environmental Contaminants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Tolerance to Environmental Contaminants
✏Author : Claude Amiard-Triquet
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2011-01-21
✏Pages : 464
✏ISBN : 1439817715
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Tolerance to Environmental Contaminants Book Summary : Tolerance, the ability of populations to cope with the chemical stress resulting from toxic contaminants, has been described in many organisms from bacteria to fungi, from phytoplankton to terrestrial flowering plants, and from invertebrates such as worms to vertebrates like fish and amphibians. The building of tolerance, be it by physiological acclimation or genetic adaptation, can have great consequences for the local biodiversity, and hence the ecology and ecosystem functioning of many of the world’s habitats. Understanding the frequency of the occurrence of tolerance has tremendous implications for the sustainability of biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Tolerance to Environmental Contaminants takes a multidisciplinary approach across contaminant types, habitats, organisms, biological levels of organization and scientific disciplines. The book examines the general principles governing the acquisition and biological consequences of tolerance, genetically or physiologically based, at different levels of biological organization, taxonomically from bacteria and archaea to flowering plants and vertebrates, and within organisms from molecular biology and biochemistry through physiology to whole organism, community, and ecosystem levels of organization. Presenting a state-of-the-art synthesis of the many aspects of the phenomenon of tolerance to environmental contaminants, this volume covers mechanisms of defense involved in the acquisition of tolerance, different classes of environmental contaminants, positive and negative ecological consequences of tolerance and the impact of tolerance in bacteria, plants, and insects on society. The reviews presented in this book supply the tools for carrying out more informed and therefore more reliable risk-benefit analyses when assessing the ecotoxicological risks to life in any of the contaminated habitats that now surround us in our industrialized society.