Black Athena The Archaeological And Documentary Evidence

✏Book Title : Black Athena The archaeological and documentary evidence
✏Author : Martin Bernal
✏Publisher : Rutgers University Press
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 736
✏ISBN : 081351584X
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Black Athena The archaeological and documentary evidence Book Summary : What is classical about Classical civilization? In one of the most audacious works of scholarship ever written, Martin Bernal challenges the whole basis of our thinking about this question. Classical civilization, he argues, has deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures. But these Afroasiatic influences have been systematically ignored, denied or suppressed since the eighteenth century - chiefly for racist reasons. Volume II is concerned with the archaeological and documentary evidence for contacts between Egypt and the Levant on the one hand and the Aegean on the other, during the Bronze Age from c. 3400 B.C. to c. 1100 B.C.

📒Black Athena ✍ Martin Bernal

✏Book Title : Black Athena
✏Author : Martin Bernal
✏Publisher : Rutgers University Press
✏Release Date : 2020-02-14
✏Pages : 1086
✏ISBN : 9781978807174
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Black Athena Book Summary : Black Athena, an audacious three-volume series, strikes at the heart of today's most heated culture wars. Martin Bernal challenges Eurocentric attitudes by calling into question conventional explanations for the origins of classical civilization. Provocative, passionate, and colossal in scope, this thoughtful rewriting of history continues to stir academic and political controversy.

📒Black Athena ✍ Martin Bernal

✏Book Title : Black Athena
✏Author : Martin Bernal
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 736
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105002481625
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Black Athena Book Summary : In this volume Bernal's objective is to demonstrate the extent of Egyptian and Phoenician influences on the Aegean during the period in which Greek cultural and national identity was being formed. He reviews the archaeological and documentary evidence supported by research into the linguistic, mythological and religious cultures of the period.

✏Book Title : Was Civilization Made in Africa Review Of Bernal Martin Black Athena the Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization Volume Two The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence New Brunswick Rutgers University Press and Diop Chiekh Anta Civilization Or Barbarism An Authentic Anthropology Brooklyn Lawrence Hill Books
✏Author : John Baines
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1991
✏Pages : 12
✏ISBN : OCLC:84137434
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Was Civilization Made in Africa Review Of Bernal Martin Black Athena the Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization Volume Two The Archaeological and Documentary Evidence New Brunswick Rutgers University Press and Diop Chiekh Anta Civilization Or Barbarism An Authentic Anthropology Brooklyn Lawrence Hill Books Book Summary :

✏Book Title : Black Athena The fabrication of ancient Greece 1785 1985
✏Author : Martin Bernal
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 575
✏ISBN : UOM:39015022293313
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Black Athena The fabrication of ancient Greece 1785 1985 Book Summary : Could Greek philosophy be rooted in Egyptian thought? Is it possible that the Pythagorean theory was conceived on the shores of the Nile and the Euphrates rather than in ancient Greece? Could it be that Western civilization was born on the so-called Dark Continent? For almost two centuries, Western scholars have given little credence to the possibility of such scenarios. In Black Athena, an audacious three-volume series that strikes at the heart of today's most heated culture wars, Martin Bernal challenges Eurocentric attitudes by calling into question two of the longest-established explanations for the origins of classical civilization. The Aryan Model, which is current today, claims that Greek culture arose as the result of the conquest from the north by Indo-European speakers, or "Aryans," of the native "pre-Hellenes." The Ancient Model, which was maintained in Classical Greece, held that the native population of Greece had initially been civilized by Egyptian and Phoenician colonists and that additional Near Eastern culture had been introduced to Greece by Greeks studying in Egypt and Southwest Asia. Moving beyond these prevailing models, Bernal proposes a Revised Ancient Model, which suggests that classical civilization in fact had deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures. This long-awaited third and final volume of the series is concerned with the linguistic evidence that contradicts the Aryan Model of ancient Greece. Bernal shows how nearly 40 percent of the Greek vocabulary has been plausibly derived from two Afroasiatic languages-Ancient Egyptian and West Semitic. He also reveals how these derivations are not limited to matters of trade, but extended to the sophisticated language of politics, religion, and philosophy. This evidence, according to Bernal, confirms the fact that in Greece an Indo-European people was culturally dominated by speakers of Ancient Egyptian and West Semitic. Provocative, passionate, and colossal in scope, this volume caps a thoughtful rewriting of history that has been stirring academic and political controversy since the publication of the first volume.

✏Book Title : Black Athena Writes Back
✏Author : Martin Bernal
✏Publisher : Duke University Press
✏Release Date : 2001-09-20
✏Pages : 550
✏ISBN : 0822327171
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Black Athena Writes Back Book Summary : Responds to the debates set off by the author's 1987 publication of "Black Athena," arguing that Greek civilization was heavily influence by Afroasiatic cultures, and provides additional information to support the thesis while lashing out against the inherent racism of traditional scholarship.

✏Book Title : Black Athena Comes of Age
✏Author :
✏Publisher : LIT Verlag Münster
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Black Athena Comes of Age Book Summary :

✏Book Title : Black Athena The linguistic evidence
✏Author : Martin Bernal
✏Publisher : Rutgers University Press
✏Release Date : 1987
✏Pages : 807
✏ISBN : 9780813536552
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Black Athena The linguistic evidence Book Summary : Synopsis: Could Greek philosophy be rooted in Egyptian thought? Is it possible that the Pythagorean theory was conceived on the shores of the Nile and the Euphrates rather than in ancient Greece? Could it be that Western civilization was born on the so-called Dark Continent? For almost two centuries, Western scholars have given little credence to the possibility of such scenarios. In Black Athena, an audacious three-volume series that strikes at the heart of today's most heated culture wars, Martin Bernal challenges Eurocentric attitudes by calling into question two of the longest-established explanations for the origins of classical civilization. The Aryan Model, which is current today, claims that Greek culture arose as the result of the conquest from the north by Indo-European speakers, or "Aryans," of the native "pre-Hellenes." The Ancient Model, which was maintained in Classical Greece, held that the native population of Greece had initially been civilized by Egyptian and Phoenician colonists and that additional Near Eastern culture had been introduced to Greece by Greeks studying in Egypt and Southwest Asia. Moving beyond these prevailing models, Bernal proposes a Revised Ancient Model, which suggests that classical civilization in fact had deep roots in Afroasiatic cultures.

✏Book Title : Anthropology and Archaeology
✏Author : Chris Gosden
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2002-01-04
✏Pages : 248
✏ISBN : 9781134716203
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Anthropology and Archaeology Book Summary : Anthropolgy and Archaeology provides a valuable and much-needed introduction to the theories and methods of these two inter-related subjects. This volume covers the historical relationship and contemporary interests of archaeology and anthropology. It takes a broad historical approach, setting the early history of the disciplines with the colonial period during which the Europeans encountered and attempted to make sense of many other peoples. It shows how the subjects are linked through their interest in kinship, economics and symbolism, and discusses what each contribute to debates about gender, material culture and globalism in the post-colonial world.

📒Unwrapping Ancient Egypt ✍ Christina Riggs

✏Book Title : Unwrapping Ancient Egypt
✏Author : Christina Riggs
✏Publisher : A&C Black
✏Release Date : 2014-04-10
✏Pages : 384
✏ISBN : 9780857856777
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Unwrapping Ancient Egypt Book Summary : First runner-up for the British-Kuwait Friendship Society Book Prize in Middle Eastern Studies 2015. In ancient Egypt, wrapping sacred objects, including mummified bodies, in layers of cloth was a ritual that lay at the core of Egyptian society. Yet in the modern world, attention has focused instead on unwrapping all the careful arrangements of linen textiles the Egyptians had put in place. This book breaks new ground by looking at the significance of textile wrappings in ancient Egypt, and at how their unwrapping has shaped the way we think about the Egyptian past. Wrapping mummified bodies and divine statues in linen reflected the cultural values attached to this textile, with implications for understanding gender, materiality and hierarchy in Egyptian society. Unwrapping mummies and statues similarly reflects the values attached to Egyptian antiquities in the West, where the colonial legacies of archaeology, Egyptology and racial science still influence how Egypt appears in museums and the press. From the tomb of Tutankhamun to the Arab Spring, Unwrapping Ancient Egypt raises critical questions about the deep-seated fascination with this culture – and what that fascination says about our own.