Biodiesel Science And Technology

Biodiesel Science And Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiesel Science and Technology
✏Author : Jan C.J. Bart
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2010-02-19
✏Pages : 864
✏ISBN : 9781845697761
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiesel Science and Technology Book Summary : Biodiesel production is a rapidly advancing field worldwide, with biodiesel fuel increasingly being used in compression ignition (diesel) engines. Biodiesel has been extensively studied and utilised in developed countries, and it is increasingly being introduced in developing countries, especially in regions with high potential for sustainable biodiesel production. Initial sections systematically review feedstock resources and vegetable oil formulations, including the economics of vegetable oil conversion to diesel fuel, with additional coverage of emerging energy crops for biodiesel production. Further sections review the transesterification process, including chemical (catalysis) and biochemical (biocatalysis) processes, with extended coverage of industrial process technology and control methods, and standards for biodiesel fuel quality assurance. Final chapters cover the sustainability, performance and environmental issues of biodiesel production, as well as routes to improve glycerol by-product usage and the development of next-generation products. Biodiesel science and technology: From soil to oil provides a comprehensive reference to fuel engineers, researchers and academics on the technological developments involved in improving biodiesel quality and production capacity that are crucial to the future of the industry. Evaluates biodiesel as a renewable energy source and documents global biodiesel development The outlook for biodiesel science and technology is presented exploring the challenges faced by the global diesel industry Reviews feedstock resources and vegetable oil formation including emerging crops and the agronomic potential of underexploited oil crops

Fundamentals Of Biofuels Engineering And Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Fundamentals of Biofuels Engineering and Technology
✏Author : Cataldo De Blasio
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2019-04-09
✏Pages : 410
✏ISBN : 9783030115999
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Fundamentals of Biofuels Engineering and Technology Book Summary : This book explores the use of biomass as an energy source and its application in energy conversion technologies. Focusing on the challenges of, and technologies related to, biomass conversion, the book is divided into three parts. The first part underlines the fundamental concepts that form the basis of biomass production, its feasibility valuation, and its potential utilization. This part does not consider only how biomass is generated, but also methods of assessment. The second part focuses on the clarification of central concepts of the biorefinery processes. After a preliminary introduction with industrial examples, common issues of biochemical reaction engineering applications are analysed in detail. The theory explained in this part demonstrates that the chemical kinetics are the core focus in modelling biological processes such as growth, decay, product formation and feedstock consumption. This part continues with the theory of biofuels production, including biogas, bioethanol, biodiesel and Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of hydrocarbons. The third part of this book gives detailed explanations of preliminary notions related to the theory of thermodynamics. This theory will assist the reader when taking into account the concepts treated in the previous two parts of the book. Several detailed derivations are given to give the reader a full understanding of the arguments at hand. This part also gives literature data on the main properties of some biomass feedstock. Fundamentals of Biofuels Engineering and Technology will be of interest not only to academics and researchers working in this field but also to graduate students and energy professionals seeking to expand their knowledge of this increasingly important area.

📒Biofuel Technologies ✍ Vijai Kumar Gupta

Biofuel Technologies Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biofuel Technologies
✏Author : Vijai Kumar Gupta
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2013-01-26
✏Pages : 534
✏ISBN : 9783642345197
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biofuel Technologies Book Summary : Biofuels are considered to be the main potential replacement for fossil fuels in the near future. In this book international experts present recent advances in biofuel research and related technologies. Topics include biomethane and biobutanol production, microbial fuel cells, feedstock production, biomass pre-treatment, enzyme hydrolysis, genetic manipulation of microbial cells and their application in the biofuels industry, bioreactor systems, and economical processing technologies for biofuel residues. The chapters provide concise information to help understand the technology-related implications of biofuels development. Moreover, recent updates on biofuel feedstocks, biofuel types, associated co- and byproducts and their applications are highlighted. The book addresses the needs of postgraduate researchers and scientists across diverse disciplines and industrial sectors in which biofuel technologies and related research and experimentation are pursued.

📒Bioenergy And Biofuels ✍ Ozcan Konur

Bioenergy And Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bioenergy and Biofuels
✏Author : Ozcan Konur
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2018-01-02
✏Pages : 485
✏ISBN : 9781351230681
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bioenergy and Biofuels Book Summary : This book aims to inform readers about the recent developments in bioenergy and biofuels covering current issues from an interdisciplinary approach. It will also feature coverage of anticipated future trends related to each particular biofuel. Chapters will consist of original research presented by world class experts in their respective fields. A number of interdisciplinary areas will be incorporated such as Energy & Fuels, Biotechology, Genomics, Economics, Optimization, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Algae Science. Examples will relate to a matrix of biofuel and energy types such as bioethanol, biobutanol, and biomethane.

Handbook Of Algal Science Technology And Medicine Book PDF
✏Book Title : Handbook of Algal Science Technology and Medicine
✏Author : Ozcan Konur
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-03-28
✏Pages : 765
✏ISBN : 9780128183069
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Handbook of Algal Science Technology and Medicine Book Summary : Handbook of Algal Science, Microbiology, Technology and Medicine provides a concise introduction to the science, biology, technology and medical use of algae that is structured on the major research fronts of the last four decades, such as algal structures and properties, algal biomedicine, algal genomics, algal toxicology, and algal bioremediation, algal photosystems, algal ecology, algal bioenergy and biofuels. It also covers algal production for biomedicine, algal biomaterials, and algal medicinal foods within these primary sections. All chapters are authored by the leading researchers in their respective research fields. Our society currently faces insurmountable challenges in the areas of biomedicine and energy in the face of increasing global population and diminishing natural resources as well as the growing environmental and economic concerns, such as global warming, greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. Algae offer a way to deal with these challenges and concerns for both sustainable and environment friendly bioenergy production and in biomedicine through the development of crucial biotechnology. Provides an essential interdisciplinary introduction and handbook for all the stakeholders engaged in science, technology and medicine of algae Covers the major research streams of the last four decades, ranging from algal structures, to algal biomedicine and algal bioremediation Fills a significant market opening for an interdisciplinary handbook on algal science, technology and medicine

Cellulose Science And Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cellulose Science and Technology
✏Author : Jean-Luc Wertz
✏Publisher : EPFL Press
✏Release Date : 2010-06-21
✏Pages : 364
✏ISBN : 1420066889
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cellulose Science and Technology Book Summary : An ideal reference for scientists in natural and synthetic polymer research, this book applies basic biology as well as polymer and sugar chemistry to the study of cellulose, and it provides key requirements for understanding this complex science.

📒Biodiesel Fuels ✍ Taylor & Francis Group

Biodiesel Fuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiesel Fuels
✏Author : Taylor & Francis Group
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2021-02-10
✏Pages : 456
✏ISBN : 0367456141
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiesel Fuels Book Summary : This first volume of the handbook presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of biodiesel fuels in general. Part 1 provides an overview of the research field on both biodiesel and petrodiesel fuels highlighting primary and secondary research fronts in these fields. Part 2 presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of biooils covering major research fronts. The research on the biooils is a fundamental part of the research on the biodiesel fuels. The research in this field has intensified in recent years with the application of advanced catalytic technologies and nanotechnologies in both production and upgrading of biooils. It covers pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction, and upgrading, and characterization and properties of biooils besides an overview of the research field. Part 3 presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of biodiesel fuels in general covering major research fronts. The research in this field has progressed in the lines of production, properties, and emissions of biodiesel fuels. As in the case of biooils, catalysts and additives play a crucial role for the biodiesel fuels. It covers biomass-based catalyst-assisted biodiesel production, enzymatic biodiesel production, additives in biodiesel production, properties, characterization, performance, and policies of biodiesel fuels besides an overview of the research field. Part 4 presents a representative sample of the population papers in the field of glycerol, biodiesel waste, covering major research fronts. The research in this field has intensified in recent years with the increasing volume of biodiesel fuels, creating eco-friendly solutions for these wastes of biodiesel fuels for producing valuable biofuels and biochemicals from glycerol. It covers biohydrogen and propanediol production from glycerol as a case study for bioenergy and biochemicals, respectively. This book will be useful to academics and professionals in the fields of Energy Fuels, Chemical Engineering, Physical Chemistry, Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology, Environmental Sciences, and Thermodynamics.

📒Biofuels ✍ Ayhan Demirbas

Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biofuels
✏Author : Ayhan Demirbas
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2008-11-14
✏Pages : 336
✏ISBN : 9781848820111
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biofuels Book Summary : Biofuel is a renewable energy source produced from natural materials. The benefits of biofuels over traditional petroleum fuels include greater energy security, reduced environmental impact, foreign exchange savings, and socioeconomic issues related to the rural sector. The most common biofuels are produced from classic food crops that require high-quality agricultural land for growth. However, bioethanol can be produced from plentiful, domestic, cellulosic biomass resources such as herbaceous and woody plants, agricultural and forestry residues, and a large portion of municipal and industrial solid waste streams. There is also a growing interest in the use of vegetable oils for making biodiesel. “Biofuels: Securing the Planet’s Future Energy Needs” discusses the production of transportation fuels from biomass (such as wood, straw and even household waste) by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. The book is an important text for students and researchers in energy engineering, as well as professional fuel engineers.

Biodiesel Production Using Algal Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiesel Production Using Algal Technology
✏Author : Tamilarasan Suganya
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-06-01
✏Pages : 160
✏ISBN : 9780128010143
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiesel Production Using Algal Technology Book Summary : Biodiesel Production Using Algal Technology discusses obtaining clean and green biodiesel from marine macro and microalgae. The book covers the history (and disadvantages) of petrodiesel, the emerging role of cleaner fuel technologies, biodiesel production methods, conventional biodiesel sources, and novel biodiesel sources such as macro- and microalgae. The book also covers processing of algal biomass, and products such as biogas and bioethanol produced from used algal biomass. This book is focused on the production of biodiesel from macro-algae and is an ideal source of data for biodiesel production methods and processing macroalgae for renewable energy production. Describes sources and technologies of biodiesel, a green fuel source Best source of data for biodiesel production methods involving macroalgae

📒Advanced Biofuels ✍ Kalam Abul Azad

Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : Kalam Abul Azad
✏Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
✏Release Date : 2019-06-09
✏Pages : 502
✏ISBN : 9780081027929
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Biofuels Book Summary : Advanced Biofuels: Applications, Technologies, and Environmental Sustainability presents recent developments and applications of biofuels in the field of internal combustion engines, with a primary focus on the recent approaches of biodiesel applications, low emission alternative fuels, and environmental sustainability. Editors Dr. Azad and Dr. Rasul, along with their team of expert contributors, combine a collection of extensive experimental investigations on engine performance and emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel with in-depth research on fuel applications, an analysis of available technologies and resources, energy efficiency improvement methods, and applications of oxygenated fuel for the sustainable environment. Academics, researchers, engineers and technologists will develop a greater understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to the global issues related to achieving alternative energy application for future energy security, as well as environmental sustainability in medium and large-scale industries. Fills a gap in the literature on alternative fuel applications with in-depth research and experimental investigations of different approaches, technologies and applications Considers the important issue of sustainability using case studies to deepen understanding Includes energy security within various industries, including aviation and transport

📒Cyanobacteria ✍ A.K. Mishra

Cyanobacteria Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cyanobacteria
✏Author : A.K. Mishra
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2018-11-30
✏Pages : 541
✏ISBN : 9780128146682
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cyanobacteria Book Summary : Cyanobacteria constitute the most widely distributed group of photosynthetic prokaryotes found in almost all realms of the earth and play an important role in Earth’s nitrogen and carbon cycle. The gradual transformation from reducing atmosphere to oxidizing atmosphere was a turning point in the evolutionary history of the earth and made conditions for present life forms possible. Cyanobacteria: From Basic Science to Applications is the first reference volume that comprehensively discusses all aspects of cyanobacteria, including the diverse mechanisms of cyanobacteria for the advancement of cyanobacterial abilities, towards higher biofuel productivity, enhanced tolerance to environmental stress and bioactive compounds and potential for biofertilizers. Describes cyanobacterial diversity, stress biology, and biotechnological aspects of cyanobacteria Explores the global importance of cyanobacteria Provides a broad compilation of research that deals with cyanobacterial stress responses in both controlled laboratory conditions as well as in their natural environment

Practical Handbook On Biodiesel Production And Properties Book PDF
✏Book Title : Practical Handbook on Biodiesel Production and Properties
✏Author : Mushtaq Ahmad
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2012-09-25
✏Pages : 167
✏ISBN : 9781466507449
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Practical Handbook on Biodiesel Production and Properties Book Summary : Biodiesel-a fuel substitute produced from vegetable oils, animal fats, or algae-is one of the most important renewable natural resources for agrarian countries. The justification for developing biodiesel as an alternate fuel is manifold, and rising crude oil prices and the vulnerability of energy security have made biodiesel necessary and inevitabl

Biomass Combustion Science Technology And Engineering Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering
✏Author : Lasse Rosendahl
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2013-04-04
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9780857097439
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biomass Combustion Science Technology and Engineering Book Summary : The utilisation of biomass is increasingly important for low- or zero-carbon power generation. Developments in conventional power plant fuel flexibility allow for both direct biomass combustion and co-firing with fossil fuels, while the integration of advanced technologies facilitates conversion of a wide range of biomass feedstocks into more readily combustible fuel. Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation. Part one provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks, and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation. Chapters also describe the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification. Part two goes on to explore biomass combustion and co-firing, including direct combustion of biomass, biomass co-firing and gasification, fast pyrolysis of biomass for the production of liquids and intermediate pyrolysis technologies. Largescale biomass combustion and biorefineries are then the focus of part three. Following an overview of large-scale biomass combustion plants, key engineering issues and plant operation are discussed, before the book concludes with a chapter looking at the role of biorefineries in increasing the value of the end-products of biomass conversion. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biomass combustion science, technology and engineering provides a clear overview of this important area for all power plant operators, industrial engineers, biomass researchers, process chemists and academics working in this field. Reviews the science and technology of biomass combustion, conversion and utilisation Provides an introduction to biomass supply chains and feedstocks and outlines the principles of biomass combustion for power generation Describes the categorisation and preparation of biomass feedstocks for combustion and gasification

Recent Advancements In Biofuels And Bioenergy Utilization Book PDF
✏Book Title : Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization
✏Author : Prakash Kumar Sarangi
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2018-09-29
✏Pages : 402
✏ISBN : 9789811313073
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Recent Advancements in Biofuels and Bioenergy Utilization Book Summary : The concerns relating to global warming, climate change, and increasing energy demands have led to significant research towards the development of alternative energy to substitute the fossil energy sources. Biomass-based energy or biofuels are highly promising due to many perceptible environmental and socio-economic advantages. Cutting-edge academic research and advanced industrial product development have created tremendous scope for the implementation of biofuels at a global scale to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and supplement the escalating energy demands. The prime focus of this book is to provide an overview of the different technologies utilized to harness the chemical energy from plant-based non-edible biomass and other organic wastes in the form of solid, liquid, and gaseous biofuels. The opportunities and challenges of different biomass conversion technologies, especially biomass-to-liquid, biomass-to-gas and gas-to-liquid routes, as well as biomass pretreatments, densification, anaerobic digestion, reforming, transesterification, supercritical fluid extraction, microalgal carbon sequestration, life-cycle assessment and techno-economic analysis have been comprehensively discussed in this book. This book is an amalgamation of fifteen different chapters each with distinctive investigations and a collective focus relating to the transition from fossil fuels towards carbon-neutral biofuels. This book serves as a benchmark for academic and industrial researchers involved in exploring the true potentials of plant residues and waste organic matter to produce alternative renewable fuels. To realize the real promises of bioenergy, this book attempts to assess the biorefining approaches, biofuel production and application, and environmental sustainability.

📒Bioenergy ✍ Anju Dahiya

Bioenergy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bioenergy
✏Author : Anju Dahiya
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-04-09
✏Pages : 890
✏ISBN : 9780128154984
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bioenergy Book Summary : Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy, 2nd Edition presents a complete overview of the bioenergy value chain, from feedstock to end products. It examines current and emerging feedstocks and advanced processes and technologies enabling the development of all possible alternative energy sources. Divided into seven parts, bioenergy gives thorough consideration to topics such as feedstocks, biomass production and utilization, life-cycle analysis, energy return on invested, integrated sustainability assessments, conversions technologies, biofuels economics, business, and policy. In addition, contributions from leading industry professionals and academics, augmented by related service-learning case studies and quizzes, provide readers with a comprehensive resource that connect theory to real-world implementation. Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy, 2nd Edition provides engineers, researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, and business professionals in the bioenergy field with valuable, practical information that can be applied to implementing renewable energy projects, choosing among competing feedstocks, technologies, and products. It also serves as a basic resource for civic leaders, economic development professionals, farmers, investors, fleet managers, and reporters interested in an organized introduction to the language, feedstocks, technologies, and products in the biobased renewable energy world. • Includes current and renewed subject matter, project case studies from real world, and topic-specific sections on the impacts of biomass use for energy production from all sorts of biomass feedstocks including organic waste of all kinds. • Provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical information of all possible bioenergy resources: solid (wood energy, grass energy, waste, and other biomass), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, ethanol, waste to oils, etc.), and gaseous/electric (biogas, syngas, biopower, RNG), and cutting-edge topics such as advanced fuels. • Integrates current state of art coverage on feedstocks, cost-effective conversion processes, biofuels economic analysis, environmental policy, and triple bottom line. • Features quizzes for each section derived from the implementation of actual hands-on biofuel projects as part of service learning.

📒Biodiesel ✍ Ayhan Demirbas

Biodiesel Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiesel
✏Author : Ayhan Demirbas
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2007-12-20
✏Pages : 208
✏ISBN : 1846289955
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiesel Book Summary : Biodiesel: A Realistic Fuel Alternative for Diesel Engines describes the production and characterization of biodiesel. The book also presents current experimental research work in the field, including techniques to reduce biodiesel’s high viscosity. Researchers in renewable energy, as well as fuel engineers, will discover a myriad of new ideas and promising possibilities.

📒Biofuels For Transport ✍ Worldwatch Institute

Biofuels For Transport Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biofuels for Transport
✏Author : Worldwatch Institute
✏Publisher : Earthscan
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 481
✏ISBN : 9781849770590
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biofuels for Transport Book Summary : The world is on the verge of an unprecedented increase in the production and use of biofuels for transport. The combination of rising oil prices, issues of security, climate instability and pollution, deepening poverty in rural and agricultural areas, and a host of improved technologies, is propelling governments to enact powerful incentives for the use of these fuels, which is in turn sparking investment.Biofuels for Transport is a unique and comprehensive assessment of the opportunities and risks of the large-scale production of biofuels. The book demystifies complex questions and concerns, such as the �food v. fuel� debate. Global in scope, it is further informed by five country studies from Brazil, China, Germany, India and Tanzania.The authors conclude that biofuels will play a significant role in our energy future, but warn that the large-scale use of biofuels carries risks that require focused and immediate policy initiatives.Published in association with BMELV, FNR and GTZ.

Expanding Biofuel Production And The Transition To Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : National Research Council
✏Publisher : National Academies Press
✏Release Date : 2010-03-30
✏Pages : 178
✏ISBN : 0309152917
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels Book Summary : While energy prices, energy security, and climate change are front and center in the national media, these issues are often framed to the exclusion of the broader issue of sustainability--ensuring that the production and use of biofuels do not compromise the needs of future generations by recognizing the need to protect life-support systems, promote economic growth, and improve societal welfare. Thus, it is important to understand the effects of biofuel production and use on water quality and quantity, soils, wildlife habitat and biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, air quality, public health, and the economic viability of rural communities.

Biofuel Production Technologies Critical Analysis For Sustainability Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biofuel Production Technologies Critical Analysis for Sustainability
✏Author : Neha Srivastava
✏Publisher : Springer Nature
✏Release Date : 2020-03-23
✏Pages : 342
✏ISBN : 9789811386374
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biofuel Production Technologies Critical Analysis for Sustainability Book Summary : Production and utilization of sustainable energy toward maintaining a clean environment is a major challenge. At the same time, the continued depletion of fossil fuels and the global dependency on non-renewable fuels is a chief concern. Moreover, the long-term economic and environmental issues associated with the high utilization of fossil fuel, such as global warming, are also important, particularly in the context of the predicted increase in the global population to around 5 billion by 2050. In recent years, researchers have been investigating alternative, renewable fuels to replace fossil fuels. Of the various options, biofuels are especially attractive due to their low production costs and the fact that they are pollution free. Also known as transportation fuels, their energy is derived from biological resources or through the biological processes. Biofuels such as biohydrogen, biomethane, biogas, ethanol and butanol offer a number of advantages and can be economically produced from cellulosic biomass. As such, they can play a vital role in sustainably meeting future energy demands. Biofuels have the potential to become a global primary energy source, offering significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions as well as opportunities to increase economic and social development in rural communities and reduce the problems associated with waste disposal. However, low yields and lack of process technology are some of the aspects that need to be addressed. This book offers an overview of existing biofuels and the technologies to solve the problems associated with their practical implementation. Evaluating the biofuel options and discussing the opportunities and risks in relation to resources, technologies, practices, markets and policy, it provides insights into the development of economically viable bioenergy industries.

Battleground Science And Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Battleground Science and Technology
✏Author : Sal P. Restivo
✏Publisher : Greenwood
✏Release Date : 2008
✏Pages : 564
✏ISBN : UCSC:32106020003866
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Battleground Science and Technology Book Summary : The modern world is filled with debate and controversy, and science and technology - the most characteristic features of the modern world - are not immune. Science and technology are implicated in many if not all of the issues, troubles, and problems students are likely to come across in their classes and in their everyday lives. Science and technology serve as a primary pathway to understanding front page headlines on everything from war to AIDS, and from oil exploration to global warming. Battleground: Science and Technology examines the most hot-button issues involving science and technology and provides a balanced assessment of the arguments on all sides of the often strident debates. - Publisher.

Advanced Technologies In Biodiesel Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Technologies In Biodiesel
✏Author : Aminul Islam
✏Publisher : Momentum Press
✏Release Date : 2014-12-31
✏Pages : 166
✏ISBN : 9781606505038
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Technologies In Biodiesel Book Summary : The important strategic issue of the 21st century states that the struggle for existence is the struggle for sustainable energy. In the last few years, the interest in renewable fuels has increased dramatically due to high demand of energy and the limitation of fossil fuel. Given the rapidly increasing demand for energy which is projected to double by mid-21st century, it is expected that biodiesels will become an important part of the global energy mix and make a significant contribution to meeting energy demand. This valuable book gives a critical review on the recently emerged process intensification technologies for biodiesel production as well as the various methods for assessing biodiesel fuel quality. You will also learn about monitoring the transesterification reaction with advantages and drawbacks. The authors offer suggestions on selection of appropriate methods, which could provide a thrilling adventure ahead for all interested scientists, making this book of particular interest to biochemical engineers, academics, post graduate and graduate students, and industrial researchers.

📒Biolubricants ✍ Jan C.J. Bart

Biolubricants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biolubricants
✏Author : Jan C.J. Bart
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2012-12-18
✏Pages : 944
✏ISBN : 9780857096326
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biolubricants Book Summary : Lubricants are essential in engineering, however more sustainable formulations are needed to avoid adverse effects on the ecosystem. Bio-based lubricant formulations present a promising solution. Biolubricants: Science and technology is a comprehensive, interdisciplinary and timely review of this important subject. Initial chapters address the principles of lubrication, before systematically reviewing fossil and bio-based feedstock resources for biodegradable lubricants. Further chapters describe catalytic, (bio) chemical functionalisation processes for transformation of feedstocks into commercial products, product development, relevant legislation, life cycle assessment, major product groups and specific performance criteria in all major applications. Final chapters consider markets for biolubricants, issues to consider when selecting and using a lubricant, lubricant disposal and future trends. With its distinguished authors, Biolubricants: Science and technology is a comprehensive reference for an industrial audience of oil formulators and lubrication engineers, as well as researchers and academics with an interest in the subject. It provides an essential overview of scientific and technological developments enabling the cost-effective improvement of biolubricants, something that is crucial for the green future of the lubricant industry. A comprehensive, interdisciplinary and timely review of bio-based lubricant formulations Addresses the principles of lubrication Reviews fossil and bio-based feedstock resources for biodegradable lubricants

📒Biofuels ✍ Wim Soetaert

Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biofuels
✏Author : Wim Soetaert
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2011-08-10
✏Pages : 256
✏ISBN : 9781119965367
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biofuels Book Summary : This book gives a broad overview of the key topics in this field of study, approaching them from a technical and economic angle giving the reader a comprehensive insight into biofuels as a whole. Dealing specifically with liquid and gaseous biofuels that can be produced from renewable resources this text also gives a summary of the past, present and future production technologies and applications of biofuels. This book is particularly relevant as it highlights the extensive debate of the on-going global needs to find alternative fuels, making it not only a necessary text for working professionals and researchers in the field, but for anyone with an interest in sustaining the earth.

Bioenergy Research Advances And Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bioenergy Research Advances and Applications
✏Author : Vijai G. Gupta
✏Publisher : Newnes
✏Release Date : 2013-12-05
✏Pages : 500
✏ISBN : 9780444595645
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bioenergy Research Advances and Applications Book Summary : Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications brings biology and engineering together to address the challenges of future energy needs. The book consolidates the most recent research on current technologies, concepts, and commercial developments in various types of widely used biofuels and integrated biorefineries, across the disciplines of biochemistry, biotechnology, phytology, and microbiology. All the chapters in the book are derived from international scientific experts in their respective research areas. They provide you with clear and concise information on both standard and more recent bioenergy production methods, including hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Chapters are also designed to facilitate early stage researchers, and enables you to easily grasp the concepts, methodologies and application of bioenergy technologies. Each chapter in the book describes the merits and drawbacks of each technology as well as its usefulness. The book provides information on recent approaches to graduates, post-graduates, researchers and practitioners studying and working in field of the bioenergy. It is an invaluable information resource on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research, catering to researchers in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries, and the use of microbial processes in the conversion of biomass into biofuels. Reviews all existing and promising technologies for production of advanced biofuels in addition to bioenergy policies and research funding Cutting-edge research concepts for biofuels production using biological and biochemical routes, including microbial fuel cells Includes production methods and conversion processes for all types of biofuels, including bioethanol and biohydrogen, and outlines the pros and cons of each

Environmental Remediation And Restoration Of Contaminated Nuclear And Norm Sites Book PDF
✏Book Title : Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites
✏Author : L van Velzen
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2015-02-02
✏Pages : 276
✏ISBN : 9781782422389
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites Book Summary : Nuclear sites become contaminated with radionuclides due to accidents and activities carried out without due consideration for the environment. Naturally-occurring radioactive materials (NORM) released by industrial processes such as coal power production and fertilizer manufacture may also require clean-up. Environmental remediation and restoration aim to reduce exposure to radiation from contaminated soil or groundwater. This book provides a comprehensive overview of this area. Part 1 provides an introduction to the different types of contaminated site and their characteristics. Part 2 addresses environmental restoration frameworks and processes. Part 3 then reviews different remediation techniques and methods of waste disposal. Explores types and characteristics of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Provides an in depth guide to environmental restoration frameworks and processes including stakeholder involvement, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis in the remediation and restoration of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Offers coverage of remediation techniques and waste disposal from electrokinetic remediation to in situ and ex situ bioremediation of radionuclides contaminated soils

Gasification For Synthetic Fuel Production Book PDF
✏Book Title : Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production
✏Author : R Luque
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2014-08-29
✏Pages : 348
✏ISBN : 9780857098085
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production Book Summary : Gasification involves the conversion of carbon sources without combustion to syngas, which can be used as a fuel itself or further processed to synthetic fuels. The technology provides a potentially more efficient means of energy generation than direct combustion. This book provides an overview of gasification science and engineering and the production of synthetic fuels by gasification from a variety of feedstocks. Part one introduces gasification, reviewing the scientific basis of the process and gasification engineering. Part two then addresses gasification and synthentic fuel production processes. Finally, chapters in part three outline the different applications of gasification, with chapters on the conversion of different types of feedstock. Examines the design of gasifiers, the preparation of feedstocks, and the economic, environmental and policy issues related to gasification Reviews gasification processes for liquid fuel production Outlines the different applications of gasification technology

Water Implications Of Biofuels Production In The United States Book PDF
✏Book Title : Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States
✏Author : National Research Council
✏Publisher : National Academies Press
✏Release Date : 2008-01-09
✏Pages : 86
✏ISBN : 0309185653
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States Book Summary : National interests in greater energy independence, concurrent with favorable market forces, have driven increased production of corn-based ethanol in the United States and research into the next generation of biofuels. The trend is changing the national agricultural landscape and has raised concerns about potential impacts on the nation's water resources. To help illuminate these issues, the National Research Council held a colloquium on July 12, 2007 in Washington, DC. Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States, based in part on discussions at the colloquium, concludes that if projected future increases in use of corn for ethanol production do occur, the increase in harm to water quality could be considerable from the increases in fertilizer use, pesticide use, and soil erosion associated with growing crops such as corn. Water supply problems could also develop, both from the water needed to grow biofuels crops and water used at ethanol processing plants, especially in regions where water supplies are already overdrawn. The production of "cellulosic ethanol," derived from fibrous material such as wheat straw, native grasses, and forest trimmings is expected to have less water quality impact but cannot yet be produced on a commerical scale. To move toward a goal of reducing water impacts of biofuels, a policy bridge will likely be needed to encourage growth of new technologies, best agricultural practies, and the development of traditional and cellulosic crops that require less water and fertilizer and are optimized for fuel production.

📒Green Fuels Technology ✍ Carlos Ricardo Soccol

Green Fuels Technology Book PDF
✏Book Title : Green Fuels Technology
✏Author : Carlos Ricardo Soccol
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2016-08-10
✏Pages : 555
✏ISBN : 9783319302058
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Green Fuels Technology Book Summary : This book presents key recent developments in biofuel policy, products, processes, patents and innovative technologies. It presents several case studies, which maximize reader insights into how innovative green energy technologies can be implemented on an industrial scale, with illustrations, photos and new approaches. It also analyzes in detail several different technological aspects of the research into and production of green fuels from the first, second and third generation, such as, bioethanol, biogas, biohydrogen, biobutanol, biofuels from pyrolysis, and discusses their economic and environmental impacts. A new source of information for engineers, technicians and students involved in production and research in the biofuels sector, this book also provides a valuable resource for industry, covering the current and future status of biofuels.

Biodiesel Feedstocks Technologies Economics And Barriers Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiesel Feedstocks Technologies Economics and Barriers
✏Author : Armen B. Avagyan
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2019-05-07
✏Pages : 128
✏ISBN : 9789811357466
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiesel Feedstocks Technologies Economics and Barriers Book Summary : Air pollution policy is closely connected with climate change, public health, energy, transport, trade, and agriculture, and generally speaking, the Earth has been pushed to the brink and the damage is becoming increasingly obvious. The transport sector remains a foremost source of air pollutants – a fact that has stimulated the production of biofuels. This book focuses on the biodiesel industry, and proposes a modification of the entire manufacturing chain that would pave the way for further improvements. Oil derived from oilseed plantations/crops is the most commonly used feedstock for the production of biodiesel. At the same time, the UK’s Royal Academy of Engineering and 178 scientists in the Netherlands have determined that some biofuels, such as diesel produced from food crops, have led to more emissions than those produced by fossil fuels. Accordingly, this book re-evaluates the full cycle of biodiesel production in order to help find optimal solutions. It confirms that the production and use of fertilizers for the cultivation of crop feedstocks generate considerably more GHG emissions compared to the mitigation achieved by using biodiesel. To address this fertilization challenge, projecting future biofuel development requires a scenario in which producers shift to an organic agriculture approach that includes the use of microalgae. Among advanced biofuels, algae’s advantages as a feedstock include the highest conversion of solar energy, and the ability to absorb CO2 and pollutants; as such, it is the better choice for future fuels. With regard to the question of why algae’s benefits have not been capitalized on for biofuel production, our analyses indicate that the sole main barrier to realizing algae’s biofuel potential is ineffective international and governmental policies, which create difficulties in reconciling the goals of economic development and environmental protection.

Process Intensification Technologies For Biodiesel Production Book PDF
✏Book Title : Process Intensification Technologies for Biodiesel Production
✏Author : Anton Alexandru Kiss
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2014-03-15
✏Pages : 103
✏ISBN : 9783319035543
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Process Intensification Technologies for Biodiesel Production Book Summary : This book is among the first to address the novel process intensification technologies for biodiesel production, in particular the integrated reactive separations. It provides a comprehensive overview illustrated with many industrially relevant examples of novel reactive separation processes used in the production of biodiesel (e.g. fatty acid alkyl esters): reactive distillation, reactive absorption, reactive extraction, membrane reactors, and centrifugal contact separators. Readers will also learn about the working principles, design and control of integrated processes, while also getting a relevant and modern overview of the process intensification opportunities for biodiesel synthesis. Biodiesel is a biodegradable and renewable fuel that currently enjoys much attention. In spite of the recent advances, the existing biodiesel processes still suffer from problems associated with the use of homogeneous catalysts (e.g. salt waste streams) and the key limitations imposed by the chemical reaction equilibrium, thus leading to severe economic and environmental penalties. The integration of reaction and separation into one operating unit overcomes equilibrium limitations and provides key benefits such as low capital investment and operating costs. Many of these processes can be further enhanced by heat-integration and powered by heterogeneous catalysts, to eliminate all conventional catalyst related operations, using the raw materials efficiently and the reaction volume, while offering high conversion and selectivity, and significant energy savings. The targeted audience of this book includes both academia (students and researchers) and industry (project leaders, technology managers, researchers, biodiesel producers, and equipment suppliers).