Advanced Biofuels

Advanced Biofuels And Bioproducts Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts
✏Author : James W. Lee
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2012-08-30
✏Pages : 1122
✏ISBN : 9781461433484
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts Book Summary : Designed as a text not only for students and researchers, but anyone interested in green technology, Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts offers the reader a vast overview of the state-of-the-art in renewable energies. The typical chapter sets out to explain the fundamentals of a new technology as well as providing its context in the greater field. With contributions from nearly 100 leading researchers across the globe, the text serves as an important and timely look into this rapidly expanding field. The 40 chapters that comprise Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts are handily organized into the following 8 sections: · Introduction and Brazil's biofuel success · Smokeless biomass pyrolysis for advanced biofuels production and global biochar carbon sequestration · Cellulosic Biofuels · Photobiological production of advanced biofuels with synthetic biology · Lipids-based biodiesels · Life-cycle energy and economics analysis · High-value algal products and biomethane · Electrofuels

📒Advanced Biofuels ✍ United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry

Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages : 126
✏ISBN : STANFORD:36105050681423
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Biofuels Book Summary :

Expanding Biofuel Production And The Transition To Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : National Research Council
✏Publisher : National Academies Press
✏Release Date : 2010-04-30
✏Pages : 178
✏ISBN : 9780309147149
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Expanding Biofuel Production and the Transition to Advanced Biofuels Book Summary : While energy prices, energy security, and climate change are front and center in the national media, these issues are often framed to the exclusion of the broader issue of sustainability--ensuring that the production and use of biofuels do not compromise the needs of future generations by recognizing the need to protect life-support systems, promote economic growth, and improve societal welfare. Thus, it is important to understand the effects of biofuel production and use on water quality and quantity, soils, wildlife habitat and biodiversity, greenhouse gas emissions, air quality, public health, and the economic viability of rural communities.

📒Advanced Biofuels ✍ Kalam Abul Azad

Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : Kalam Abul Azad
✏Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
✏Release Date : 2019-06-09
✏Pages : 502
✏ISBN : 9780081027929
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Biofuels Book Summary : Advanced Biofuels: Applications, Technologies, and Environmental Sustainability presents recent developments and applications of biofuels in the field of internal combustion engines, with a primary focus on the recent approaches of biodiesel applications, low emission alternative fuels, and environmental sustainability. Editors Dr. Azad and Dr. Rasul, along with their team of expert contributors, combine a collection of extensive experimental investigations on engine performance and emissions and combustion phenomena using different types of oxygenated fuel with in-depth research on fuel applications, an analysis of available technologies and resources, energy efficiency improvement methods, and applications of oxygenated fuel for the sustainable environment. Academics, researchers, engineers and technologists will develop a greater understanding of the relevant concepts and solutions to the global issues related to achieving alternative energy application for future energy security, as well as environmental sustainability in medium and large-scale industries. Fills a gap in the literature on alternative fuel applications with in-depth research and experimental investigations of different approaches, technologies and applications Considers the important issue of sustainability using case studies to deepen understanding Includes energy security within various industries, including aviation and transport

📒Advanced Biofuels ✍ Juan Carlos Serrano-Ruiz

Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : Juan Carlos Serrano-Ruiz
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2015-05-27
✏Pages : 330
✏ISBN : 9781771882217
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Biofuels Book Summary : This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Sustainability demands that we meet the needs of our present world without compromising the needs of future generations. As a result, sources and methodologies for renewable energy are being urgently investigated. Biomassoffers one of the most readily implemented, low-cost alternatives to fossil fuels. First-generation biofuels proved to have limited sustainability, but today’s advanced biofuels are developing more efficient processes. This book contains the latest research on catalytic processing, a promising technology for making biofuel production truly sustainable. Included here are: Several overview chapters, describing analytic methods for assessing catalytic sustainability. Chapters that investigate several reaction routes for sustainable catalytic conversion. A final chapter on methodologies for optimizing catalytic reactions. Written for readers with university-level understanding of chemistry, biology, and engineering, this compendium volume offers evidence that catalytic processing is a flexible and sustainable methodology for the conversion ofbiomass platforms. The editor, one of the leading figures in this area of study, has collected research that covers key issues of interest to fuel and energy technologists and engineers. The comprehensive coverage of current research will also offer scientists a solid foundation for future research in this critical field of investigation.

Direct Microbial Conversion Of Biomass To Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : Michael E Himmel
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2015-05-19
✏Pages : 422
✏ISBN : 9780444595898
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels Book Summary : 'Direct Microbial Conversion of Biomass to Advanced Biofuels' is a stylized text that is rich in both the basic and applied sciences. It provides a higher level summary of the most important aspects of the topic, addressing critical problems solved by deep science. Expert users will find new, critical methods that can be applied to their work, detailed experimental plans, important outcomes given for illustrative problems, and conclusions drawn for specific studies that address broad based issues. A broad range of readers will find this to be a comprehensive, informational text on the subject matter, including experimentalists and even CEOs deciding on new business directions. Describes an important new field in biotechnology, the consolidated conversion of lignocellulosic feedstocks to advanced fuels Up-to-date views of promising technologies used in the production of advanced biofuels Presents the newest ideas, well-designed experiments, and outcomes Provides outstanding illustrations from NREL and contributing researchers Contains contributions from leaders in the field that provide numerous examples and insights into the most important aspects of the topic

Microbial Technologies In Advanced Biofuels Production Book PDF
✏Book Title : Microbial Technologies in Advanced Biofuels Production
✏Author : Patrick C. Hallenbeck
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 2011-12-15
✏Pages : 274
✏ISBN : 9781461412076
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Microbial Technologies in Advanced Biofuels Production Book Summary : Concerns over dwindling fossil fuel reserves and impending climate changes have focused attention worldwide on the need to discover alternative, sustainable energy sources and fuels. Biofuels, already produced on a massive industrial scale, are seen as one answer to these problems. However, very real concerns over the effects of biofuel production on food supplies, with some of ht recent increases in worldwide food costs attributable to biofuel production, have lead to the realization that new, non-food substrates for biofuel production must be bought online. This book is an authoritative, comprehensive, up-to-date review of the various options under development for the production of advanced biofuels as alternative energy sources. A general overview and introductory chapters for each section place the field in the context as well as provide essential basic notions for the more general reader. Accomplished, internationally recognized experts carrying out research on individual focus areas contribute specific technical chapters detailing present progress and future prospects.

📒Advanced Biofuels Under The Renewable Fuel Standard ✍ United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Environment

Advanced Biofuels Under The Renewable Fuel Standard Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Biofuels Under the Renewable Fuel Standard
✏Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Environment
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2019
✏Pages : 168
✏ISBN : OCLC:1091625141
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Biofuels Under the Renewable Fuel Standard Book Summary :

📒Advanced Biofuels ✍ Giulia Fiorese

Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : Giulia Fiorese
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 17
✏ISBN : OCLC:930866358
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advanced Biofuels Book Summary : This paper illustrates the main results of an expert elicitation survey on advanced (second and third generation) biofuel technologies. The survey focuses on eliciting probabilistic information on the future costs of advanced biofuels and on the potential role of RD&D (Research, Development and Demonstration) efforts in reducing these costs and in supporting the deployment of biofuels in OECD and non-OECD countries. Fifteen leading experts from different EU member states provide insights on the future potential of advanced biofuel technologies both in terms of costs and diffusion. This information results in a number of policy recommendations with respect to public RD&D strategies and is an important contribution to the integrated assessment modelling community. -- Expert Elicitation ; Research ; Development and Demonstration ; Biofuels

New Microbial Technologies For Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : New Microbial Technologies for Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : Juan Carlos Serrano-Ruiz
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2015-06-01
✏Pages : 382
✏ISBN : 9781498728843
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏New Microbial Technologies for Advanced Biofuels Book Summary : This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. The world needs renewable and clean forms of energy. Biofuels offer an alternative to fossil fuels, but first-generation biofuels had many challenges to be overcome. One strategy that second-generation biofuels are employing is microbial technology. This compendium volume gathers together recent investigations within this vital field of research. It offers: An overview of the topic Investigations into the varieties of microorganisms useful for this technology Pretreatment methodologies Genetic engineering research that will further this technology Internationally recognized experts contribute chapters on their individual areas of research within this vital field of study. The book offers an authoritative platform from which graduate students and scientists can build future investigations that will create still more advanced biofuels.

Liquid Biofuels Emergence Development And Prospects Book PDF
✏Book Title : Liquid Biofuels Emergence Development and Prospects
✏Author : Antonio Domingos Padula
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2014-07-03
✏Pages : 272
✏ISBN : 9781447164821
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Liquid Biofuels Emergence Development and Prospects Book Summary : Bioenergy is coming to be seen as a priority on the international agenda, with the use of liquid biofuels a key strategy in the attempt to meet both the demand for environmental sustainability and the energy needs of countries. The growth in the production and use of biofuels around the world has led to increased interest and discussion about this subject. Given the dynamics of this phenomenon, the organizers of this book, based on more than 10 years experience of joint research on this subject, seek to address key issues relating to the production and marketing of liquid biofuels using the Brazilian experience with ethanol and biodiesel as an illustrative case, as well as the experiences of the leading producers and consumers of biofuels. The topics to be covered in this book include the role of public policies in fostering the emergence of the biofuels industry, the main socio-economic, environmental, technological aspects and the prospects for the sector. The conceptual and methodological bases that provide analytical support to the book are based on recent research published in indexed journals. The structure and content of the book seek to address some central issues regarding: How the biofuel industries have emerged and developed in different countries? What factors have been crucial to the success or failure of different production initiatives? What are the main socio-economic-environmental impacts of the production and consumption of liquid biofuels? How are national and international markets for liquid biofuels being structured? To what extent and/or in what conditions can the experiences and lessons learned at the national level be transferred and adapted in other countries? Finally, based on the scenarios, the prospects for liquid biofuels will be discussed.

Cellulosic Biofuels Analysis Of Policy Issues For Congress Book PDF
✏Book Title : Cellulosic Biofuels Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress
✏Author :
✏Publisher : DIANE Publishing
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9781437981155
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Cellulosic Biofuels Analysis of Policy Issues for Congress Book Summary :

Systems Level Synthetic Biology For Advanced Biofuel Production Book PDF
✏Book Title : Systems Level Synthetic Biology for Advanced Biofuel Production
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2015
✏Pages : 46
✏ISBN : OCLC:1066485875
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Systems Level Synthetic Biology for Advanced Biofuel Production Book Summary : Cyanobacteria have been shown to be capable of producing a variety of advanced biofuels; however, product yields remain well below those necessary for large scale production. New genetic tools and high throughput metabolic engineering techniques are needed to optimize cyanobacterial metabolisms for enhanced biofuel production. Towards this goal, this project advances the development of a multiple promoter replacement technique for systems-level optimization of gene expression in a model cyanobacterial host: Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002. To realize this multiple-target approach, key capabilities were developed, including a high throughput detection method for advanced biofuels, enhanced transformation efficiency, and genetic tools for Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002. Moreover, several additional obstacles were identified for realization of this multiple promoter replacement technique. The techniques and tools developed in this project will help to enable future efforts in the advancement of cyanobacterial biofuels.

Bioenergy Research Advances And Applications Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bioenergy Research Advances and Applications
✏Author : Vijai G. Gupta
✏Publisher : Newnes
✏Release Date : 2013-12-05
✏Pages : 500
✏ISBN : 9780444595645
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bioenergy Research Advances and Applications Book Summary : Bioenergy Research: Advances and Applications brings biology and engineering together to address the challenges of future energy needs. The book consolidates the most recent research on current technologies, concepts, and commercial developments in various types of widely used biofuels and integrated biorefineries, across the disciplines of biochemistry, biotechnology, phytology, and microbiology. All the chapters in the book are derived from international scientific experts in their respective research areas. They provide you with clear and concise information on both standard and more recent bioenergy production methods, including hydrolysis and microbial fermentation. Chapters are also designed to facilitate early stage researchers, and enables you to easily grasp the concepts, methodologies and application of bioenergy technologies. Each chapter in the book describes the merits and drawbacks of each technology as well as its usefulness. The book provides information on recent approaches to graduates, post-graduates, researchers and practitioners studying and working in field of the bioenergy. It is an invaluable information resource on biomass-based biofuels for fundamental and applied research, catering to researchers in the areas of bio-hydrogen, bioethanol, bio-methane and biorefineries, and the use of microbial processes in the conversion of biomass into biofuels. Reviews all existing and promising technologies for production of advanced biofuels in addition to bioenergy policies and research funding Cutting-edge research concepts for biofuels production using biological and biochemical routes, including microbial fuel cells Includes production methods and conversion processes for all types of biofuels, including bioethanol and biohydrogen, and outlines the pros and cons of each

📒Why Are We Producing Biofuels ✍ Robert Clinton Brown

Why Are We Producing Biofuels  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Why are We Producing Biofuels
✏Author : Robert Clinton Brown
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 341
✏ISBN : 0984090630
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Why are We Producing Biofuels Book Summary : "Why Are We Producing Biofuels?" is written for those who are curious about efforts to introduce biofuels into our energy supply but are not satisfied with the publically accessible information on the subject. Written by experts in the field, this book provides educators, policy makers, and business leaders, and the general public with an insider's understanding of the current research in the field as well as an appreciation of the debates surrounding biofuels. This book explores the opportunity to advance a sustainable energy future through the development of advanced biofuels. By examining the emergence of first generation biofuels and the kinds of technologies being developed for advanced biofuels, the book also articulates the challenges that must be overcome: Will the industry be driven by technological innovation or government policy? If not gasoline and diesel, what fuel will propel our vehicles? How is it that we are using food crops to produce motor fuels? What do the recent criticisms about biofuels portend for its future? How is it possible that a renewable fuel can contribute to global climate change? What kinds of biomass occur in sufficient quantity to help displace imported petroleum? How can these feedstocks be transformed into transportation fuels? What is the most likely future of fuels? Table of Contents Chapter 1 Answer in brief Chapter 2 What are the origins of the biofuels era? Chapter 3 Why do we need to end our addiction to oil? Chapter 4 What are our alternatives to imported petroleum? Chapter 5 What are our alternatives to gasoline? Chapter 6 Why are we producing grain ethanol and biodiesel? Chapter 7 Why are we developing advanced biofuels? Chapter 8 How can we turn lipids into advanced biofuels? Chapter 9 How can we turn cellulose into advanced biofuels? Chapter 10 How can we use heat to produce biofuels? Chapter 11 What is the future of fuels?"

📒Biofuels ✍ Mark E. Gaffigan

Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biofuels
✏Author : Mark E. Gaffigan
✏Publisher : DIANE Publishing
✏Release Date : 2010-01
✏Pages : 184
✏ISBN : 9781437923575
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biofuels Book Summary : In December 2007, the Congress expanded the renewable fuel standard (RFS), which requires rising use of ethanol and other biofuels, from 9 billion gallons in 2008 to 36 billion gallons in 2022. To meet the RFS, the Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Energy (DOE) are developing advanced biofuels that use cellulosic feedstocks, such as corn stover and switchgrass. The EPA administers the RFS. This report examines, among other things: (1) the effects of increased biofuels production on U.S. agriculture, environment, and greenhouse gas emissions; (2) federal support for domestic biofuels production; and (3) key challenges in meeting the RFS. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables.

Real Reaction Kinetics For The Production And Utilisation Of Advanced Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Real Reaction Kinetics for the Production and Utilisation of Advanced Biofuels
✏Author : Mícheál Séamus Íosaf Howard
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2019
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1153698364
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Real Reaction Kinetics for the Production and Utilisation of Advanced Biofuels Book Summary :

Building Up The Future Book PDF
✏Book Title : Building Up the Future
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages : 132
✏ISBN : 9279690108
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Building Up the Future Book Summary : This study seeks to support the European Commission in the elaboration of a methodology for the deployment of advanced biofuels. Currently, the contribution of advanced and other renewable fuels is very limited in the EU with a relative higher cost than fossil fuels they aim to replace. The Sub Group on Advanced Biofuels of the Sustainable Transport Forum consisted of 32 industry experts representing all advanced biofuels value chains as well as the transport sectors of aviation, maritime and heavy duty transport. The work of the Sub Group on Advanced Biofuels put forward a simple and transparent definition for advanced biofuels, proposed reliable targets for deployment of advanced biofuels in the EU market by 2030, updated the technology status of the various value chains and examined thoroughly the production costs of advanced biofuels. The Sub Group on Advanced Biofuels also considered carefully the proposals on decarbonising transport in the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive and put forward proposals for improvements aiming to create a long term stable framework for encouraging billions of investments.

Advances In Ethanol Research And Application 2013 Edition Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advances in Ethanol Research and Application 2013 Edition
✏Author :
✏Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
✏Release Date : 2013-06-21
✏Pages : 538
✏ISBN : 9781481694803
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advances in Ethanol Research and Application 2013 Edition Book Summary : Advances in Ethanol Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about ZZZAdditional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Advances in Ethanol Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Ethanol Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Advances In Biodiesel Production Book PDF
✏Book Title : Advances in Biodiesel Production
✏Author : R Luque
✏Publisher : Elsevier
✏Release Date : 2012-02-22
✏Pages : 304
✏ISBN : 9780857095862
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Advances in Biodiesel Production Book Summary : Biodiesel is one of the main biofuels capable of substituting fossil fuel usage in compression ignition vehicles, and is used in a variety of fuel blends worldwide. First-generation biodiesel has been used in national markets for some time, with fuel quality standards in place for this purpose. There remain, however, several restrictions to sustainable and long term market development, which is influenced by many factors, including food vs. fuel pressures. The development of new generations of biodiesel, aimed at more sustainable and effective feedstock utilisation alongside improved production efficiency and fuel quality, is critical to the future both of this industry and of the continuing use of biodiesel fuels in transportation. This book provides a timely reference on the advances in the development of biodiesel fuels, production processes and technologies. Part one reviews the life cycle sustainability assessment and socio-economic and environmental policy issues associated with advanced biodiesel production, as well as feedstocks and fuel quality standards. This coverage is extended in Part two, with chapters focussing on the development of methods and catalysts essential to the improvement and optimisation of biodiesel production processes and technologies. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Advances in biodiesel production a standard reference for chemical, biochemical and industrial process engineers, as well as scientists and researchers in this important field. Provides a timely reference on the advances in the development of biodiesel fuels, production processes and technologies Reviews the life cycle sustainability assessment and socio-economic and environmental policy issues associated with advanced biodiesel production, as well as feedstocks and fuel quality standards Discusses the development of methods and catalysts essential to the improvement and optimisation of biodiesel production processes and technologies

📒Biofuels And The Environment First Triennial Report To Congress ✍ Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.)

Biofuels And The Environment First Triennial Report To Congress Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biofuels and the Environment First Triennial Report to Congress
✏Author : Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.)
✏Publisher : Government Printing Office
✏Release Date : 2012-05-31
✏Pages : 218
✏ISBN : 0160906121
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biofuels and the Environment First Triennial Report to Congress Book Summary : EPA/600/R-10/183F. Concludes that the extent of negative impacsts to date are limited in magnitude and are primarily associated with the intensification of corn production.

Optimisation Of Advanced Biofuel Thermochemical Conversion Phenomena For Producing Bioenergy Via Gasfication Book PDF
✏Book Title : Optimisation of Advanced Biofuel Thermochemical Conversion Phenomena for Producing Bioenergy Via Gasfication
✏Author : Edris Madadian
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2017
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:1000095924
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Optimisation of Advanced Biofuel Thermochemical Conversion Phenomena for Producing Bioenergy Via Gasfication Book Summary : "With the need for developing a more sustainable world there is a desire to shift from fossil fuels to biofuels, produced using the concept of biorefineries. Within the last few decades, thermochemical conversion technologies have gained a great deal of attention for producing advanced biofuels. In this context, the present thesis elaborated different aspects of biomass gasification technology, as a representative of thermochemical pathways, and suggested potential solutions to enhance the efficacy of the process. To fulfill this goal, different types of biomass feedstock were used to examine the potential of bioenergy production through a down-draft gasification reactor.The first study was an assessment of pelletized woody biomass to identify potential combustion failure during the decomposition of pelletized biomass in a down-draft reactor. The average temperature of the combustion and reduction zones were recorded at 838 °C and 754 °C, respectively. There was a pressure drop observed within the reactor from top of the main reactor where the pressure was 0.07 kPa in the combustion zone and where the pressure was measured from -1.30 kPa to -1.64 kPa. The pressure drop was hypothesized to be caused by bridging of the feedstock which were the result of the physical properties of the feedstock. The air leak due to weak sealing was considered as another option for this failure which did not feed the combustion zone and resulted in less syngas. In a second study, a parametric investigation on six different biomass feedstocks was performed in which the result indicated a greater potential of switchgrass to result in higher yield of syngas. It was also demonstrated that the variations in syngas components were smaller at higher temperatures while H2/CO ratio showed greater variation between individual feedstocks. In the third study, gasification of composite biomass feedstock was examined. A composite paper fiber and waste plastic pellet was tested in the down-draft gasifier. For this study, four different plastic percentages of 0%, 2%, 5%, and 10% mixed with fiber were studied. The results showed that higher plastic-containing feedstock has a higher energy content; however, the higher plastic content potentially causes mechanical performance issues inside the reactor and does not necessarily guarantee greater calorific value for syngas. The variation in temperature and pressure resulted in the generation of clinkers and interrupted the normal operation of the reactor. The clinkers were analyzed using ICP-MS and predominantly contained aluminum, silicon, calcium and sodium that originate from the fiber and plastic.The forth and the fifth studies determined the thermo-chemo-mechanical properties of the composite paper fiber and plastic waste. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to evaluate thermal behavior of the material. The results reported that the higher volume fraction of plastics (5% and 10%) in the pellets resulted in thermal degradation occurring in three main stages while only two stages were measured for the lower fractions of plastic contained pellets (2% and 0%). The DSC results showed that the glass transition of the composite pellets, when taking place under endothermic reactions, occurred when the plastic content increased in the composite pellets. The thermal conductivity of the composite pellets was measured using the Hot-Disk Transient Plane Source (TPS) technique. The TPS results showed that composite pellets with higher volume-fractions of plastics possessed a lower thermal conductivity which was due to the lower thermal conductivity of the shredded plastics compared to the fibers in the matrix of the pellets.The sixth study defined a thermodynamic model to study the effect of equivalence ratio (ER) on the reactions temperature and producer gas during the decomposition of biomass in a down-draft gasifier, and using MATLAB and CONTERA programming platform." --

📒Introduction To Biofuels ✍ David M. Mousdale

Introduction To Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Introduction to Biofuels
✏Author : David M. Mousdale
✏Publisher : CRC Press
✏Release Date : 2010-07-29
✏Pages : 455
✏ISBN : 9781439812082
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Introduction to Biofuels Book Summary : What role will biofuels play in the scientific portfolio that might bring energy independence and security, revitalize rural infrastructures, and wean us off of our addiction to oil? The shifting energy landscape of the 21st century, with its increased demand for renewable energy technology, poses a worrying challenge. Discussing the multidisciplinary study of bioenergy and its potential for replacing fossil fuels in the coming decades, Introduction to Biofuels provides a roadmap for understanding the broad sweep of technological, sociological, and energy policy issues that intermingle and intertwine. Copiously illustrated and with numerous examples, this book explores key technologies, including biotechnology, bioprocessing, and genetic reprogramming of microorganisms. The author examines the future of biofuels from a broader perspective, addressing the economic, social, and environmental issues crucial for studying the sustainable development of bioenergy. Each chapter begins with questions and provides the answers later in the chapter as key informational points. Embedded Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) sections provide detailed derivations and equations for a subset of topics that can be found easily as buzzwords in popular media and on web sites. Together, the STEM topics form a thread of essential technologies and a guide to how researchers have established quantitative parameters that are crucial to the ever-growing biofuels database. With so much information scattered throughout the literature, it is often difficult to make sense of what is real and what is an optimistic selling of ideas with no scientific credibility. This book does an excellent job of filtering through volumes of data, providing a historical perspective on which to anchor the information, and outlining the strengths and constraints of the different biofuels.

📒Are Biofuels Sustainable ✍ Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Environmental Audit Committee

Are Biofuels Sustainable  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Are biofuels sustainable
✏Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Environmental Audit Committee
✏Publisher : The Stationery Office
✏Release Date : 2008-01-21
✏Pages : 209
✏ISBN : 0215038169
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Are biofuels sustainable Book Summary : Are biofuels Sustainable? : First report of session 2007-08, Vol. 2: Oral and written Evidence

📒Biomass To Biofuels ✍ Alain A. Vertes

Biomass To Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biomass to Biofuels
✏Author : Alain A. Vertes
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2011-08-24
✏Pages : 584
✏ISBN : 9781119965497
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biomass to Biofuels Book Summary : Focusing on the key challenges that still impede the realization of the billion-ton renewable fuels vision, this book integrates technological development and business development rationales to highlight the key technological.developments that are necessary to industrialize biofuels on a global scale. Technological issues addressed in this work include fermentation and downstream processing technologies, as compared to current industrial practice and process economics. Business issues that provide the lens through which the technological review is performed span the entire biofuel value chain, from financial mechanisms to fund biotechnology start-ups in the biofuel arena up to large green field manufacturing projects, to raw material farming, collection and transport to the bioconversion plant, manufacturing, product recovery, storage, and transport to the point of sale. Emphasis has been placed throughout the book on providing a global view that takes into account the intrinsic characteristics of various biofuels markets from Brazil, the EU, the US, or Japan, to emerging economies as agricultural development and biofuel development appear undissociably linked.

📒Bioenergy ✍ Anju Dahiya

Bioenergy Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bioenergy
✏Author : Anju Dahiya
✏Publisher : Academic Press
✏Release Date : 2020-04-09
✏Pages : 890
✏ISBN : 9780128154984
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bioenergy Book Summary : Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy, 2nd Edition presents a complete overview of the bioenergy value chain, from feedstock to end products. It examines current and emerging feedstocks and advanced processes and technologies enabling the development of all possible alternative energy sources. Divided into seven parts, bioenergy gives thorough consideration to topics such as feedstocks, biomass production and utilization, life-cycle analysis, energy return on invested, integrated sustainability assessments, conversions technologies, biofuels economics, business, and policy. In addition, contributions from leading industry professionals and academics, augmented by related service-learning case studies and quizzes, provide readers with a comprehensive resource that connect theory to real-world implementation. Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy, 2nd Edition provides engineers, researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, and business professionals in the bioenergy field with valuable, practical information that can be applied to implementing renewable energy projects, choosing among competing feedstocks, technologies, and products. It also serves as a basic resource for civic leaders, economic development professionals, farmers, investors, fleet managers, and reporters interested in an organized introduction to the language, feedstocks, technologies, and products in the biobased renewable energy world. • Includes current and renewed subject matter, project case studies from real world, and topic-specific sections on the impacts of biomass use for energy production from all sorts of biomass feedstocks including organic waste of all kinds. • Provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical information of all possible bioenergy resources: solid (wood energy, grass energy, waste, and other biomass), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, ethanol, waste to oils, etc.), and gaseous/electric (biogas, syngas, biopower, RNG), and cutting-edge topics such as advanced fuels. • Integrates current state of art coverage on feedstocks, cost-effective conversion processes, biofuels economic analysis, environmental policy, and triple bottom line. • Features quizzes for each section derived from the implementation of actual hands-on biofuel projects as part of service learning.

Woody Biomass For Bioenergy And Biofuels In The United States Book PDF
✏Book Title : Woody Biomass for Bioenergy and Biofuels in the United States
✏Author : Eric M. White
✏Publisher : DIANE Publishing
✏Release Date : 2010
✏Pages : 45
✏ISBN : 9781437938135
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Woody Biomass for Bioenergy and Biofuels in the United States Book Summary : Woody biomass (WB) can be used for the generation of heat, electricity, and biofuels. Bioenergy production from WB has not been widely adopted because the price of WB energy has not been competitive with traditional fossil fuels. However, current projections of future energy use, renewable energy and climate change legislation suggest increased use of both WB and agr. biomass energy. This report provides a summary of the knowledge related to the production of WB from bioenergy with a focus on the econ. perspective. The most common WB feedstocks are described along with results of econ. modeling studies related to the provision of biomass from short-rotation woody crops, harvest residues, and haz.-fuel reduction efforts.

Socioeconomic And Environmental Impacts Of Biofuels Book PDF
✏Book Title : Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuels
✏Author : Alexandros Gasparatos
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2012-08-06
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9781139536448
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuels Book Summary : Biofuels are currently in the middle of a heated academic and public policy debate. Biofuel production has increased fivefold in the past decade and is expected to further double by 2020. Most of this expansion will happen in developing nations. This volume is the first of its kind, providing a comprehensive overview of the biofuel debate in developing countries. The chapters are written by a multidisciplinary team of experts, exposing the key drivers and impacts of biofuel production and use. The book covers impacts as diverse as air pollution, biodiversity loss, deforestation, energy security, food security, greenhouse gas emissions, land use change, rural development, water consumption and other socioeconomic issues. Its wide focus accommodates examples from countries in Africa, America and Asia. As such, this book will become an indispensable companion to academics, practitioners and policy makers who wish to know more about biofuel issues in the developing world.

📒A Twenty First Century U S Water Policy ✍ Juliet Christian-Smith

A Twenty First Century U S Water Policy Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Twenty First Century U S Water Policy
✏Author : Juliet Christian-Smith
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2012-07-02
✏Pages : 360
✏ISBN : 9780199939381
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Twenty First Century U S Water Policy Book Summary : It is zero hour for a new US water policy! At a time when many countries are adopting new national approaches to water management, the United States still has no cohesive federal policy, and water-related authorities are dispersed across more than 30 agencies. Here, at last, is a vision for what we as a nation need to do to manage our most vital resource. In this book, leading thinkers at world-class water research institution the Pacific Institute present clear and readable analysis and recommendations for a new federal water policy to confront our national and global challenges at a critical time. What exactly is at stake? In the 21st century, pressures on water resources in the United States are growing and conflicts among water users are worsening. Communities continue to struggle to meet water quality standards and to ensure that safe drinking water is available for all. And new challenges are arising as climate change and extreme events worsen, new water quality threats materialize, and financial constraints grow. Yet the United States has not stepped up with adequate leadership to address these problems. The inability of national policymakers to safeguard our water makes the United States increasingly vulnerable to serious disruptions of something most of us take for granted: affordable, reliable, and safe water. This book provides an independent assessment of water issues and water management in the United States, addressing emerging and persistent water challenges from the perspectives of science, public policy, environmental justice, economics, and law. With fascinating case studies and first-person accounts of what helps and hinders good water management, this is a clear-eyed look at what we need for a 21st century U.S. water policy.

📒Renewable Fuel Standard ✍ National Research Council

Renewable Fuel Standard Book PDF
✏Book Title : Renewable Fuel Standard
✏Author : National Research Council
✏Publisher : National Academies Press
✏Release Date : 2012-01-29
✏Pages : 416
✏ISBN : 9780309187510
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Renewable Fuel Standard Book Summary : In the United States, we have come to depend on plentiful and inexpensive energy to support our economy and lifestyles. In recent years, many questions have been raised regarding the sustainability of our current pattern of high consumption of nonrenewable energy and its environmental consequences. Further, because the United States imports about 55 percent of the nation's consumption of crude oil, there are additional concerns about the security of supply. Hence, efforts are being made to find alternatives to our current pathway, including greater energy efficiency and use of energy sources that could lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as nuclear and renewable sources, including solar, wind, geothermal, and biofuels. The United States has a long history with biofuels and the nation is on a course charted to achieve a substantial increase in biofuels. Renewable Fuel Standard evaluates the economic and environmental consequences of increasing biofuels production as a result of Renewable Fuels Standard, as amended by EISA (RFS2). The report describes biofuels produced in 2010 and those projected to be produced and consumed by 2022, reviews model projections and other estimates of the relative impact on the prices of land, and discusses the potential environmental harm and benefits of biofuels production and the barriers to achieving the RFS2 consumption mandate. Policy makers, investors, leaders in the transportation sector, and others with concerns for the environment, economy, and energy security can rely on the recommendations provided in this report.