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📒The Churching Of America 1776 2005 ✍ Roger Finke
✏The Churching of America 1776 2005 Book Summary : In this provocative book, Roger Finke and Rodney Stark challenge popular perceptions about American religion. They view the religious environment as a free market economy, where churches compete for souls. The story they tell is one of gains for upstart sects and losses for mainline denominations. Although many Americans assume that religious participation has declined in America, Finke and Stark present a different picture. In 1776, fewer than 1 in 5 Americans were active in church affairs. Today, church membership includes about 6 out of 10 people. But, as Finke and Stark show, not all denominations benefited. They explain how and why the early nineteenth-century churches began their descent, while two newcomer sects, the Baptists and the Methodists, gained ground. They also analyze why the Methodists then began a long, downward slide, why the Baptists continued to succeed, how the Catholic Church met the competition of ardent Protestant missionaries, and why the Catholic commitment has declined since Vatican II. The authors also explain why ecumenical movements always fail In short, Americans are not abandoning religion; they have been moving away from established denominations. A "church-sect process" is always under way, Finke and Stark argue, as successful churches lose their organizational vigor and are replaced by less worldly groups. Some observers assert that the rise in churching rates indicates increased participation, not increased belief. Finke and Stark challenge this as well. They find that those groups that have gained the greatest numbers have demanded that their followers accept traditional doctrines and otherworldliness. They argue that religious organizations can thrive only when they comfort souls and demand sacrifice. When theology becomes too logical, or too secular, it loses people.
📒Rites Of Execution Capital Punishment And The Transformation Of American Culture 1776 1865 ✍ Riverside Louis P. Masur Professor of History University of California
✏Author : Riverside Louis P. Masur Professor of History University of California
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
✏Release Date : 1989-02-16
✏Pages : 224
✏ISBN : 9780198021582
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French
✏Rites of Execution Capital Punishment and the Transformation of American Culture 1776 1865 Book Summary : Between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries, Western societies abandoned public executions in favor of private punishments, primarily confinement in penitentiaries and private executions. The transition, guided by a reconceptualization of the causes of crime, the nature of authority, and the purposes of punishment, embodied the triumph of new sensibilities and the reconstitution of cultural values throughout the Western world. This study examines the conflict over capital punishment in the United States and the way it transformed American culture between the Revolution and the Civil War. Relating the gradual shift in rituals of punishment and attitudes toward discipline to the emergence of a middle class culture that valued internal restraints and private punishments, Masur traces the changing configuration of American criminal justice. He examines the design of execution day in the Revolutionary era as a spectacle of civil and religious order, the origins of organized opposition to the death penalty and the invention of the penitentiary, the creation of private executions, reform organizations' commitment to social activism, and the competing visions of humanity and society lodged at the core of the debate over capital punishment. A fascinating and thoughtful look at a topic that remains of burning interest today, Rites of Execution will attract a wide range of scholarly and general readers.
📒British And Public Policy 1776 1939 ✍ S. G. Checkland
✏British and Public Policy 1776 1939 Book Summary : An account of the evolution of British public policy from the Industrial Revolution to 1939.
✏The Proceedings Relative to Calling the Conventions of 1776 and 1790 Book Summary :
📒If You Were There In 1776 ✍ Barbara Brenner
✏If You Were There in 1776 Book Summary : Period prints and drawings highlight a fascinating look back at what life was like in colonial America in 1776, exploring the ways in which children lived on a New England farm, a southern plantation, and on the frontier.
📒1776 1780 ✍ Royal Society (Great Britain)
✏1776 1780 Book Summary :
📒Tracts Of The American Revolution 1763 1776 ✍ Merrill Jensen
✏Tracts of the American Revolution 1763 1776 Book Summary : "Students of American history and political thought will find here rich documentation of the colonist's grievances against Britain, their rhetoric, and the development of the political thought that led to the Declaration of Independence. A student-oriented Introduction presents a capsule history of the events of the period and an analysis of the context of each tract." -- Back cover.
📒Constitutional Development In The South Atlantic States 1776 1860 ✍ Fletcher Melvin Green
✏Constitutional Development in the South Atlantic States 1776 1860 Book Summary :
📒U S Capitalist Development Since 1776 ✍ Douglas Fitzgerald Dowd
✏U S Capitalist Development Since 1776 Book Summary : We'll All Go Together When We Go
📒The Virginia Convention Of 1776 ✍ Hugh Grigsby
✏The Virginia Convention of 1776 Book Summary :