1177 B C The Year Civilization Collapsed

✏Book Title : 1177 B C The Year Civilization Collapsed
✏Author : Eric H. Cline
✏Publisher : Princeton University Press
✏Release Date : 2014-03-23
✏Pages : 264
✏ISBN : 9781400849987
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏1177 B C The Year Civilization Collapsed Book Summary : In 1177 B.C., marauding groups known only as the “Sea Peoples” invaded Egypt. The pharaoh’s army and navy managed to defeat them, but the victory so weakened Egypt that it soon slid into decline, as did most of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized world of the Bronze Age came to an abrupt and cataclysmic end. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the course of just a few decades. No more Minoans or Mycenaeans. No more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economy and cultures of the late second millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, suddenly ceased to exist, along with writing systems, technology, and monumental architecture. But the Sea Peoples alone could not have caused such widespread breakdown. How did it happen? In this major new account of the causes of this “First Dark Ages,” Eric Cline tells the gripping story of how the end was brought about by multiple interconnected failures, ranging from invasion and revolt to earthquakes, drought, and the cutting of international trade routes. Bringing to life the vibrant multicultural world of these great civilizations, he draws a sweeping panorama of the empires and globalized peoples of the Late Bronze Age and shows that it was their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic collapse and ushered in a dark age that lasted centuries. A compelling combination of narrative and the latest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new light on the complex ties that gave rise to, and ultimately destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the Late Bronze Age—and that set the stage for the emergence of classical Greece.

📒1177 B C ✍ Eric H. Cline

✏Book Title : 1177 B C
✏Author : Eric H. Cline
✏Publisher : Princeton University Press
✏Release Date : 2015-09-22
✏Pages : 264
✏ISBN : 9781400874491
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏1177 B C Book Summary : A bold reassessment of what caused the Late Bronze Age collapse In 1177 B.C., marauding groups known only as the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. The pharaoh's army and navy managed to defeat them, but the victory so weakened Egypt that it soon slid into decline, as did most of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized world of the Bronze Age came to an abrupt and cataclysmic end. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the course of just a few decades. No more Minoans or Mycenaeans. No more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economy and cultures of the late second millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, suddenly ceased to exist, along with writing systems, technology, and monumental architecture. But the Sea Peoples alone could not have caused such widespread breakdown. How did it happen? In this major new account of the causes of this "First Dark Ages," Eric Cline tells the gripping story of how the end was brought about by multiple interconnected failures, ranging from invasion and revolt to earthquakes, drought, and the cutting of international trade routes. Bringing to life the vibrant multicultural world of these great civilizations, he draws a sweeping panorama of the empires and globalized peoples of the Late Bronze Age and shows that it was their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic collapse and ushered in a dark age that lasted centuries. A compelling combination of narrative and the latest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new light on the complex ties that gave rise to, and ultimately destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the Late Bronze Age—and that set the stage for the emergence of classical Greece.

✏Book Title : 1177 B C The Year Civilization Collapsed Turning Points in Ancient History
✏Author : Cline, Eric H.
✏Publisher : Australia Books
✏Release Date : 2014-03-23
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏1177 B C The Year Civilization Collapsed Turning Points in Ancient History Book Summary :

📒Digging Up Armageddon ✍ Eric Cline

✏Book Title : Digging Up Armageddon
✏Author : Eric Cline
✏Publisher : Princeton University Press
✏Release Date : 2020-03-17
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : 9780691200446
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Digging Up Armageddon Book Summary : A vivid portrait of the early years of biblical archaeology from the acclaimed author of 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed In 1925, James Henry Breasted, famed Egyptologist and director of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago, sent a team of archaeologists to the Holy Land to excavate the ancient site of Megiddo—Armageddon in the New Testament—which the Bible says was fortified by King Solomon. Their excavations made headlines around the world and shed light on one of the most legendary cities of biblical times, yet little has been written about what happened behind the scenes. Digging Up Armageddon brings to life one of the most important archaeological expeditions ever undertaken, describing the site and what was found there, including discoveries of gold and ivory, and providing an up-close look at the internal workings of a dig in the early years of biblical archaeology. The Chicago team left behind a trove of writings and correspondence spanning more than three decades, from letters and cablegrams to cards, notes, and diaries. Eric Cline draws on these materials to paint a compelling portrait of a bygone age of archaeology. He masterfully sets the expedition against the backdrop of the Great Depression in America and the growing troubles and tensions in British Mandate Palestine. He gives readers an insider's perspective on the debates over what was uncovered at Megiddo, the infighting that roiled the expedition, and the stunning discoveries that transformed our understanding of the ancient world. Digging Up Armageddon is the enthralling story of an archaeological site in the interwar years and its remarkable place at the crossroads of history.

📒Three Stones Make A Wall ✍ Eric H. Cline

✏Book Title : Three Stones Make a Wall
✏Author : Eric H. Cline
✏Publisher : Princeton University Press
✏Release Date : 2017-02-14
✏Pages : 480
✏ISBN : 9781400884612
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Three Stones Make a Wall Book Summary : From the bestselling author of 1177 B.C., a comprehensive history of archaeology—from its amateur beginnings to the cutting-edge science it is today. In 1922, Howard Carter peered into Tutankhamun's tomb for the first time, the only light coming from the candle in his outstretched hand. Urged to tell what he was seeing through the small opening he had cut in the door to the tomb, the Egyptologist famously replied, "I see wonderful things." Carter's fabulous discovery is just one of the many spellbinding stories told in Three Stones Make a Wall. Written by Eric Cline, an archaeologist with more than thirty seasons of excavation experience, Three Stones Make a Wall traces the history of archaeology from an amateur pursuit to the cutting-edge science it is today by taking the reader on a tour of major archaeological sites and discoveries, from Pompeii to Petra, Troy to the Terracotta Warriors, and Mycenae to Megiddo and Masada. Cline brings to life the personalities behind these digs, including Heinrich Schliemann, the former businessman who excavated Troy, and Mary Leakey, whose discoveries advanced our understanding of human origins. The discovery of the peoples and civilizations of the past is presented in vivid detail, from the Hittites and Minoans to the Inca, Aztec, and Moche. Along the way, the book addresses the questions archaeologists are asked most often: How do you know where to dig? How are excavations actually done? How do you know how old something is? Who gets to keep what is found? Taking readers from the pioneering digs of the eighteenth century to the exciting new discoveries being made today, Three Stones Make a Wall is a lively and essential introduction to the story of archaeology.

📒Understanding Collapse ✍ Guy D. Middleton

✏Book Title : Understanding Collapse
✏Author : Guy D. Middleton
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2017-06-30
✏Pages : 300
✏ISBN : 9781107151499
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Understanding Collapse Book Summary : In this lively survey, Guy D. Middleton critically examines our ideas about collapse - how we explain it and how we have constructed potentially misleading myths around collapses - showing how and why collapse of societies was a much more complex phenomenon than is often admitted.

📒Megadrought And Collapse ✍ Harvey Weiss

✏Book Title : Megadrought and Collapse
✏Author : Harvey Weiss
✏Publisher : Oxford University Press
✏Release Date : 2017-09-01
✏Pages : 352
✏ISBN : 9780199329212
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Megadrought and Collapse Book Summary : Megadrought and Collapse is the first book to treat in one volume the current paleoclimatic and archaeological evidence of megadrought events coincident with major prehistoric and historical examples of societal collapse. Previous works have offered multi-causal explanations for collapse, from overpopulation, overexploitation of resources, and warfare to poor leadership and failure to adapt to environmental changes. In earlier synthetic studies of major instances of collapse, the full force of climate change has often not been considered. This volume includes nine case studies that span the globe and stretch over fourteen thousand years, from the paleolithic hunter-gatherer collapse of the 12th millennium BC to the 15th century AD fall of the Khmer capital at Angkor. Together, the studies constitute a primary sourcebook in which principal investigators in archaeology and paleoclimatology present their original research. Each case study juxtaposes the latest paleoclimatic evidence of megadrought (so-called for its severity and its decades - to centuries-long duration) with available archaeological records of synchronous societal collapse. The megadrought data are derived from all five archival paleoclimate proxy sources: speleothems (cave stalagmites), tree rings, and lake, marine, and glacial cores. The archaeological records in each case are the most recently retrieved. With Megadrought and Collapse, Harvey Weiss and his team of expert contributors have assembled an authoritative investigation that is certain to engage environmental history readers across disciplines in the sciences and social sciences.

📒Meet Me In Atlantis ✍ Mark Adams

✏Book Title : Meet Me in Atlantis
✏Author : Mark Adams
✏Publisher : Penguin
✏Release Date : 2015-03-10
✏Pages : 336
✏ISBN : 9780698186217
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Meet Me in Atlantis Book Summary : The New York Times Bestseller! The author of Turn Right at Machu Picchu travels the globe in search of the world’s most famous lost city. “Adventurous, inquisitive and mirthful, Mark Adams gamely sifts through the eons of rumor, science, and lore to find a place that, in the end, seems startlingly real indeed.”—Hampton Sides A few years ago, Mark Adams made a strange discovery: Far from alien conspiracy theories and other pop culture myths, everything we know about the legendary lost city of Atlantis comes from the work of one man, the Greek philosopher Plato. Stranger still: Adams learned there is an entire global sub-culture of amateur explorers who are still actively and obsessively searching for this sunken city, based entirely on Plato’s detailed clues. What Adams didn’t realize was that Atlantis is kind of like a virus—and he’d been exposed. In Meet Me in Atlantis, Adams racks up frequent-flier miles tracking down these Atlantis obsessives, trying to determine why they believe it's possible to find the world's most famous lost city—and whether any of their theories could prove or disprove its existence. The result is a classic quest that takes readers to fascinating locations to meet irresistible characters; and a deep, often humorous look at the human longing to rediscover a lost world.

✏Book Title : Syllecta Classica
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2013
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCLA:L0107106296
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Syllecta Classica Book Summary :

📒Journal Of The Society For The Study Of Egyptian Antiquities ✍ Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities

✏Book Title : Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities
✏Author : Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : UCLA:L0107094443
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

✏Journal of the Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities Book Summary :